If two to six authors, list all of their names the first time, subsequently use "et al." ex. (Williams et al., 1983).
If there is no author, list the first two words in the reference list entry. ex. (Study finding, 1982).
Reference to two works, same authors. ex. (Jones & Smith, 1982, 1987).
Two or more works by different authors need to be listed alphabetically by last name. ex. (Dorow & O'Neal, 1979; Mullaney, 1978; Talpers, 1981).
For quotes, list page numbers. ex. (Wilmoth, 1980, p.10).
(Magazine and Newspaper Articles)
Pyle, K.B. (1991, November/December). Japan's Pacific overtures: How Japan sees itself at home, in Asia, and around the world. American Entrepreneur, 2(3), pp. 29-37.
American Psychiatric Association (Eds.). (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
(Articles in a books)
Hartley, J.T., Harker, J.O., & Walsh, D.A. (1980). Contemporary issues and new directions in adult development of learning and memory. In L.W. Poon (Ed.), Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp. 239-252). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Pendar, J.E. (1982). Undergraduate psychology majors. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 4370A-4371A. (University Microfilms No. 82-06, 181).
Ryerson, J.F. (1983). Effective management training: Two models; Unpublished master's thesis, Clarkson College of Technology, Potsdam, NY.
All quotes must include a source reference and page number. ex. Smith (1982) found that "the 'placebo effect' was never exhibited again [italics added], even when reel [sic] drugs were administered" (p.276).
Numbers--Use figures for 10 and above. Use words for numbers below ten.
Statistics. Always use statistical terms in a narrative. Never use the symbol except in formulae.
Use the percent (%) symbol only when it follows a numeral. Otherwise, use the word "percentage."
Reference list should be alphabetized letter by letter. Same authors are arranged by year of publication, earliest coming first.
Is there only one figure or table per page?
Note: Following the title, stop the underline, a comma and space, and then give the volume number and underline it. Give NO issue number unless every issue begins with page number one. If so, place the issue number in parentheses immediately following the volume number, but not underlined. After a comma give the page numbers. Use "pp." before the page numbers in references to newspapers and magazines, but not in references to journal articles.
Practice by converting these records to the APA format:
Japan's Pacific overtures: how Japan sees itself at home, in Asia, and around the world. K.B. Pyle. Am Enterp 2:29-37 N/D '91
Pyle, K.B. (1991, November/December). Japan's Pacific overtures: How Japan sees itself at home, in Asia, and around the world. American Entrepreneur, 2, 29-37.
America and Japan: two can play [CIA report,Japan 2000] Economist 319:29-30 Je 15 '91
America and Japan: Two can play. (1991, June 15). The Economist, 319, 29-30.
Carrots for Gorbachov: Japan finds its voice on Soviet aid issue [G-7 summit] J. Bartholomew. Far East Econ Rev 153:13 Jl 25 '91
Bartholomew, J. (1991, July 25). Carrots for Gorbachov: Japan finds its voice on Soviet aid issue. Far East Economic Review, 153, 13.