INFORMATION is what you need when you have a question or a problem. Without a question to address, information is really simply irrelevant data and facts. Only the introduction of a question or issue turns data into information.
DATA is information that has not yet been applied to a question or problem.
FACTS are data or ideas which have been verified by objective experimentation or verification.
KNOWLEDGE is the ability to apply information and data to real-life situations. For instance, you may read a book about bicycles. But knowing how to ride a bicycle is knowledge. Knowledge and skills are very closely related.