Please write the number of the correct answer after each number of the question on a lined piece of paper. Please place your name and the date at the top of the page before turning it in. Thank you...
1. Please match the following:
a. Consequentialist theories|
b. Deontological theories
c. Kant's categorical imperative
d. Natural law theory
e. Feinberg's interest view
f. Aristotle's virtue ethics
g. African ethics
h. Buddhist ethics
____ 1. Ethical decisions should be based on the possible consequences of
____ 2. Every person has worth and this instrinsic worth cannot be compromised. There are objective absolute ethical rules which must be followed.
____ 3. We must follow our DUTY, regardless of the consequences.
____ 4. Ethical principles are self-evident: just consider whether a proposed action should become a public law, binding on everyone.
____ 5. Ethical decisions should be based on what a virtuous person would do in such a circumstance. To behave virtuously, one must cultivate (through reason) the habits of character that lead to moderation.
____ 6. To have moral status, someone or something must have INTERESTS or RIGHTS, must be capable of being benefitted and/or harmed --a necessary condition is CONSCIOUS AWARENESS.
____ 7. Everything done to any part of the system affects the entire system. In a very meaningful sense, what one person does to another, that person does to himself/herself. This is the meaning of the law of Karma.
____ 8. We must focus on the communal nature of human society. Morality must be defined in terms of syntropy. Behavior is right or good not because it conforms to a set of rules, but because it builds up instead of tearing down.
nb: each item is worth 10 points if missed (you get some from points here)