Quiz 4

Chapter 3

Please write the number of the correct answer after each number of the question on a lined piece of paper. Please place your name and the date at the top of the page before turning it in. Thank you...

1. Please match the following:

a. Feminism

b. Modernism

c. Post-modernism

d. Behaviorism

e. Patriarchy

___ 1. Theory that the partial, inconsistent, plural, and multiple characters of reality--and existence and reality--make certainty impossible.
___ 2. Theory that women should have political, economic, and social rights equal to those of men and the movement to win such rights for women.
___ 3. Literally "father rule" as compared with matriarchy which is "mother rule."
___ 4. Theory that includes sympathy with modern ideas yet retains a presumption of underlying meaning and certainty.
___ 5. Theory focusing on objective or observed behavior

2. The avocado view of human nature (Essentialism) assumes:

a. a sweet human nature
b. humans have an outer skin and flesh
c. layers with no core self
d. an unchanging core self

3. The artichoke view of human nature assumes:

a. a sweet human nature
b. humans have an outer skin and flesh
c. layers of characteristics but no core self
d. an unchanging core self

4. A Protean self is:

a. composed mostly of protein
b. able to change as reality changes
c. composed of protons and neutrons
d. an unchanging core self

5. If there is no free will, which of the following is true?

a. all choices are determined in some way
b. people cannot be held responsible for their choices
c. the concept of "sin" does not exist
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

6. The purpose of life is (match the purpose to the tradition which espoused it):

a. Buddhism
b. Judaism and Christianity
c. Taoism
d. African
e. Postmodernism-Darwin, Freud, Skinner
f. Greek (classical)
___ 1. Creativity (male/female) and becoming a responsible member of society
___ 2. Aligning oneself with the wisdom at the heart of nature
___ 3. The attainment of enlightenment-seeing reality as it really is and realizing the delusion of the individual self
___ 4. To become as rational as possible
___ 5. To become as loving as possible
___ 6. There is no clear purpose to human life

7. Circle two items which are characteristics of critical thinking:

  1. It is thinking which is responsive to and guided by INTELLECTUAL STANDARDS, such as relevance, accuracy, precision, clarity, depth, and breadth.
  2. It is thinking in which the thinker can identify the ELEMENTS of REALITY and is in direct connection with the social and moral standards which should guide all correct thinking.
  4. It is thinking that yields a PREDICTABLE ANSWER CONSISTENT WITH YOUR GUT REACTION to a situation. Critical thinking is obvious thinking.
  5. It is thinking that is responsive to the social and moral imperative to not only enthusiastically argue from alternate and opposing points of view, but also to SEEK AND IDENTIFY WEAKNESSES AND LIMITATIONS IN ONE'S OWN POSITION.
  6. It is thinking that deliberately supports the development of INFLEXIBLE TRAITS in the thinker, such as certainty, the willingness to compromise, giving up if an answer does not appear immediately, and intellectual distance from opposing factions.

8. Circle the two items which are NOT logical fallacies:

  1. Ethnocentricity
  2. Conformity
  3. Slippery bucket
  4. Stereotyping
  5. Echomyopia
  6. Arachnophobia
  7. Oversimplification
  8. Ambiguity
  9. Unwarranted assumptions
  10. Hasty conclusions
  11. Ad hominem
  12. Semper Fidelis
Note: Each answer is worth 5 points

by Colby Glass, MLIS.

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