Chapt. 8 --Political Philosophy

Please write the number of the correct answer after each number of the question on a lined piece of paper. Please place your name and the date at the top of the page before turning it in. Thank you...

1. Please match the following:

a. Political philosophy
b. Dissent
c. Totalitarianism
d. Anarchism
____ 1. The belief that the power of the state should be absolute
____ 2. To refuse to conform to an established tradition or law
____ 3. The belief that ideally there should be no state at all
____ 4. The study of the relationship between the individual and the state

2. Please match the following:

a. Plato

b. Aristotle

c. John Locke

d. Thomas Hobbes

____ 1. Life is hostile and to survive it is in our own self-interest to obey the law and enter a social contract for a strong state.
____ 2. Individuals have God-given natural rights, including the rights of life, liberty, and property.
____ 3. The qualities necessary to get elected to political office have little or no relationship to the qualities needed to govern.
____ 4. Rule by an elite (or expert) is clearly the best alternative.

3. Please match the following:

a. Civil disobedience
b. Social contract
c. wei-wu-wei
d. Hegel's dialectic
____ 1. An agreement among citizens to create the state
____ 2. Breaking a civil law in protest by citing obedience to a higher law
____ 3. Thesis--antithesis--synthesis
____ 4. "Doing without doing" --following the built-in order in nature and human affairs

4. Please match the following:

a. Susan B. Anthony

b. Hegel

c. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

____ 1. Perfect freedom exists only in the state of nature, in which state people are innocent and good
____ 2. "Robbed of the fundamental priveleges of citizenship, I am degraded from the status of a citizen to that of a subject..."
____ 3. History is moving in the direction of greater freedom through a dialectical process of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis.

nb: each item is worth 6 points

by Colby Glass, MLIS.

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