Ambiguous Language


Genuine information is always presented in concrete words and figures.

Words that should be red flags:

    • Many people say…
    • The majority is for…
    • Experts say….
    • Everyone says…

For instance, "Most Americans want freedom." What does that mean? What Americans exactly; how many? And how do they define freedom?


Add discussion of confidence which usually indicates ignorance. Educated people are open minded and not as sure of things because they have seen their beliefs overturned time and again when new evidence showed them that they were wrong before.


Colby Glass, MLIS