AC, Solar
Air, Indoor
Baking Soda
Bamboo Charcoal
Boric Acid
Cashback Websites
Cleaners, Nontoxic
Clothes Dryer
Coffee & Grounds
Cool Home
Credit Cards
Dollar value
Expiration Dates
Floor Materials
Fruit Flies
Gas Cooking
Glass, Easiest Way To
Clean Up Broken

Global Disaster
Hot Water
House Cleaning
House Temperature
Lennox Lawsuit
Mattress, Sheets, Pillow
Nano Towel
Nano Towel
Ref. links
Smart Meters
Solar et al.
Telephone Svc
Tidy House tips
Where to Move



Top 10 Home Remedies covers household and health

Kinetico Video: How to Change the Reverse Osmosis Filter

Hot Water Lobster

S.A. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Recycling pgm. ph. 207-6428. To schedule compost deliver in bags, call Mr. leonard Silva at 207-6437.

4410 W. Piedras Dr.
San Antonio, TX 78228

Free mulch giveaway at Nelson Gardens Brush Recycling center.

Bundle and throw plastic bags in blue recycling cart.

Covers garbage, recycling, organics, brush collection, bulky item collection, household hazardous waste, et al.

2 locations:

Note: In order for residents to use an HHW center or participate in the mobile events, customers must bring a recent copy of their CPS bill and a picture ID as proof of residency.

Frio City Road Center 1531 Frio City Road, 78226. Tuesday - Friday 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Saturday 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

The Bitters Bulky Waste & Recycling Center is open. 1800 Wurzbach Parkway 78216. The entrance to the center is located off the new Wurzbach Parkway. Customers need to access the facility from Jones Maltsberger and Wurzbach Parkway. Bitters opens only on the first Saturday of each month during the months of February - August. Saturdays, 8am to 3pm.

Culebra Bulky Waste Collection Center. 7030 Culebra Road, 78238. Normal hours of operation Tuesday-Friday 8 a.m.- 5 p.m. and Saturday 8 a.m. - 12 p.m.

Rigsby Road Bulky Waste Collection Center 2755 Rigsby Road, 78222. Normal hours of operation Tuesday-Friday 8 a.m.- 5 p.m. and Saturday 8 a.m. - 12 p.m.

What to recycle:

In the Kitchen Aluminum & steel cans Cereal & cracker boxes (remove liner) Frozen dinner boxes Glass bottles & jars Meat trays Paper milk & juice cartons Paper towel cores Plastic bottles Styrofoam® egg cartons Yogurt & butter tubs
In the Office Ad circulars Catalogs Copy & printer paper Envelopes File folders Junk mail Magazines Newspaper Paperback books Phone books
In the Bathroom Plastic spray bottles (remove nozzle) Shampoo & lotion bottles Toilet paper tubes Toothpaste boxes (not the tubes)

Lennox AC Class Action Lawsuit a class action lawsuit against Lennox (our air conditioner mgr.) It seems they had defective coils, which we had a problem with. Do you have access to the records?... Was 'e by Tiger.

Odd Taste & Smell of Water

Kinetico tech. came [8/25/15] and tested everything. He said the problem was that we had galvanized pipes with a lot of crud in them. The soft water is gradually cleaning them out. That is the source of the taste, smell, and yellow look of the water. He said it will slowly get better. In the meantime, the reverse osmosis water does not test for any of the sediments, so drink that.

What the Latest Currency 'War' is All About By Pepe Escobar. It took the Bank of China to devaluate the yuan on two consecutive days — moving within the 2 percent band that it's allowed to — for the proverbial global financial banshees to go completely bonkers.

Forget the hysteria. The heart of the matter is that Beijing has stepped on the gas in a quite complex long game; to liberalize the yuan exchange rate; allow it to free float against the US dollar; and establish the yuan as a global reserve currency.

As Beijing interprets it, keeping a strong link to the US dollar has interfered with China's being competitive with its top trading partners — Japan and Europe.

So now it's time to rock the (wobbly) boat. Thus the "currency war" hysteria — because the practical result, in the medium term, will be a new boost to Chinese exports.

When the US embarks on perennial quantitative easing (QE), that's OK. When the EU does QE as well, that's OK. But when the Bank of China decides it's in the best interest of the nation to let the yuan go down a bit instead of infinitely up, that's Armaged'.

Peter Schiff Says Impending U.S. Dollar Collapse should be Getting Attention, not China’s Devaluation By Andrew Moran. Peter Schiff, CEO of Euro Pacific Capital and bestselling author of “Crash Proof,” believes the impending collapse of the United States dollar should be getting the attention of investors and news outlets and not the devaluation of the Chinese yuan.

He noted that the yuan’s value has substantially increased over the past several years compared to the U.S. dollar.

“So this move was motivated not by the exchange rate between the yuan and the dollar, but between the yuan and all the other currencies because the dollars is in a bubble right now,” he said. “The dollar is very overvalued … and the dollar is a bubble. This dollar bubble is going to burst.”

He added that the U.S. economy is in a much worse situation right now than the Chinese. This is something, Schiff says, the Federal Reserve will have to admit. He also averred that the Fed won’t raise interest rates this year (SEE: Federal Reserve rate hike could cost indebted consumers $9 billion per year) and will have to do another round of quantitative easing.

“That’s going to sink the dollar and then the Chinese are going to have to revalue their currency much higher in the future against the dollar and it’s the dollar collapsing that’s going to hurt the US. Not this recent move by China,” Schiff posited.

The reasons why the U.S. dollar has been trading well since the financial crisis is because of hope, hype and speculation.

Flea-proof Your Pooch in 5 Minutes with Dawn Dishwashing liquid Deodorize your dog with Arm & Hammer® Baking Soda! This dry shampoo is a great way to clean your pet during the cold winter months.

This Homemade Drain Cleaner Will Banish Clogs For GoodIf your drain isn't flowing as easily as it should, then it's probably a bit clogged. Instead of paying big bucks for chemical-filled concoctions, try fixing the problem yourself with a homemade drain cleaner. It costs basically nothing to make and can be used weekly to help prevent buildup. Safe to use in the bathroom or kitchen, the drain buster will have your sink or tub flowing freely in no time. Have a really plugged pipe? We've even found the solution for seriously stopped drains.

What You'll Need:

Paper towel
1/4 cup baking soda
1/4 cup salt
1/4 cup cream of tartar
2 cups boiling water

Yes, it's a bit gross, but start by removing the drain trap and giving it a good cleaning. Use a paper towel to wipe around the drain of your sink or tub, removing any bits of food or collections of hair.

Mix together the baking soda, salt, and cream of tartar in a small container. The salt and baking soda work together to help scour pipes and break up buildup, while the cream of tartar naturally cleans metals. Shake the mixture and sprinkle half down the clogged drain.

Pour in the boiling water and let the drain buster work its magic for about an hour. Then rinse with cool water. You should notice a difference in your drainage.

If the drain still is still clogged, get serious by pouring one cup baking soda down the drain followed with one cup vinegar. The two create a fizzing reaction, which will attack nasty obstructions. Allow the baking soda and vinegar to work overnight, and then pour two cups boiling water down the drain.Still not draining? ' old duds, fill the sink or tub halfway with warm water, and grab your plunger. Yes, it's also gross, but giving your sink or tub a plunging should clear that clogged drain.

Maintain your free-flowing pipes by using the homemade drain cleaner once a week.

est Ways to Unclog Your Drain


Let plenty of water run down the drain by keeping the faucet open for up to a half a minute each day.

Sink lines commonly plug because not enough water is flushed through them, especially after the garbage disposal is used. Run the faucet for about five seconds after you turn off the disposal. This helps flush the line.

Never pour hot oil or grease down the sink—whether or not you have a disposal.

About once a month fill the sink to the top with very hot water. Using a fork or other kitchen utensil so you '’t scald your hand, remove the sink’s plug. As the clean hot water swirls down through the sink line, it takes much of the grease buildup with it.


Many people try chemicals before hiring a drain cleaning expert because they want to save money. Then they call the drain cleaner anyway because the chemical hasn’t cleared the drain.

Chemicals can solidify in a drain line and aggravate the blockage. If the chemical doesn’t eat through the blockage, therefore not flushing down the drain, the chemical sits in your sink line. It crystallizes, and then there is no way you can easily clean a sink line after chemicals harden in it.

It’s a good idea to keep a simple plumbing snake in your home. The snake can help you unclog your sink, bathtub, or shower drain if hair and other gunk happens to block them. Simple plumbing snakes can be bought online for only a few dollars.

3Pcs Sewer Cleaning Brush, Hair Drain Clog Remover, Grosun 70cm/ 28 inch Home Bendable Sink Tub Toilet Dredge Pipe Snake Brush, Drain Catcher Brush 4.5* $7.99

GVN 4 Packs Drain Cleaner with 3 Pieces Clog Remover Drain Snake Cleaning Tool Sticks, 1 Pack Gripper Claw Relief Tool, Sink Drain Cleaner ( Steel Cleaner as the lengthen version] 5* $9.99 Contains two kinds of cleaning tools: 1 stainless steel drain cleaner captures solid obstructions and 3 flexible drain snake tools hook for hair and debris. Multi-tooth stainless gripper claw is fit for catching hair, food and other blockages efficiently. Flexible drain clog cleaning tools can snake into small pipes or strainers that may be easily clogged. 9/3/17

Bright Nest great tips on housecleaning, et al.

Slideshow: Beat Germs All Over Your House

Get rid of your credit card interest

Transfer Your Credit Card Debt Every 18 months

Cornmeal to get rid of ants

Stop Using Dryer Sheets Immediately! What if I told you those dryer sheets are caked with ingredients you wouldn’t wish on your worst enemy. And those “blossoms and flowers” depicted on the dryer sheet box? Don’t buy it. Dryer sheets are really a toxic ripoff. That means you’re paying more for a product that could actually be making you sick.

I’m talking about things like known carcinogens, hazardous pollutants, endocrine disruptors and things that target specific organs in the most unpleasant ways. Let’s examine what we know about dryer sheets and your health, then get into simple alternatives for a safer laundry routine.

As crazy as it seems, the current United States Consumer Product Safety Commission does not require dryer sheet manufacturers to list actual ingredients, including the chemicals used in fragrance blends.

To help us figure out what’s actually in these products many people use day in and day out, scientists have been studying the sheets and dryer vent exhaust to get a better picture. The results aren’t pretty. Here’s a rundown of some of the compounds detected in dryer sheets and dryer vent exhaust.

What was coming out of those vents? (And into people’s lungs?) Seven hazardous air pollutants and 25 volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Some of these, including acetaldehyde and benzene, are not safe at any level. (These are also pollutants that commonly spew out of vehicle tailpipes.)

Better Alternatives to Store-Bought Dryer Sheets

You can avoid the chemicals in dryer sheets by using some of these laundry room tactics:

Add a quarter cup of white vinegar to your washer’s rinse cycle.

Look for plant-based, unscented laundry detergents. (Or make your own from unscented castile soap.)

Hang your clothing outside to dry. (You’ll enjoy a drop in your energy bill, too!)

Add wool dryer balls to your dryer. It also cuts down on drying time. You can add a few drops of organic, therapeutic-grade peppermint essential oil to the balls for a light, natural fragrance.

Always use plant-based, unscented laundry detergents. Or, make your own homemade laundry soap.

Beware of “green” laundry products. Even some of them released toxic compounds in some studies.

Lobby your workplace, apartment complex and/or neighbors to adopt these fragrance-free laundry practices to protect the health of everyone in your community and workplace.

To reduce your exposure to dryer sheet chemicals, you can reduce static cling naturally by adding a quarter cup of white vinegar to your washer’s rinse cycle.

Prevent fires and dry more efficiently by deep-cleaning your dryer Dryer fires are more common than you think. Use these tips to improve your dry cycles and avoid any mishaps.

LINT TRAP: Wiping the lint from the filter is fine most of the time, but sometimes it needs a little more attention. Fabric softeners can leave a waxy buildup on your filter, preventing good air flow. Every few months, clean it with a little dish soap, warm water and an old toothbrush. Rinse it and dry it well before putting it back in your dryer.

Wait! Before you pop that filter back into place, take a good look at the vent your filter covers.

No doubt it is full of lint, gum wrappers, Legos and other things that shouldn't be in there.

Grab your vacuum and clean the vent out using a narrow hose attachment. Do this at least once a year to keep your dryer working well and to prevent fires.

Pull your dryer out from the wall just a smidge. Do you see a big silver tube coming from your dryer and going into the wall? That's your vent tube. It carries all of the moist air from your dryer to the outdoors.

Like your dryer vent, the vent tube needs to be cleaned once a year, as well.

Loosen the screw on the metal band around the tube or pinch the metal wire that connects the vent to the dryer. Pull the vent off and disconnect it from the wall. Since fabric softener can make the vent sticky, wash the vent in a sink of warm, sudsy water, rinse it and dry it well before putting it back on the dryer.

Every 18 months or so, your dryer's motor and other mechanics will need to be cleaned because lint gets on just about everything. This kind of cleaning should be 'e by a professional, unless you feel confident with your mechanical skills. If that's the case:

1. Disconnect your dryer from the electrical outlet. If you have a gas dryer, consult with a professional before attempting any disconnection of the gas line.

2. Take the back panel off of your dryer by removing the screws.

3. Vacuum any dust or lint that may have accumulated on the dryer parts or on the floor of the dryer. An upholstery attachment on the end of the vacuum hose is your best bet for getting the most lint out of nooks and crannies.

4. Put the back of the dryer back in place and replace the screws.

How to survive a global disaster: a handy guide

Civilization Collapse Is Coming how to prepare

Deep State’s Draconian Measures to Criminalize Citizens

Ten Steps To Close Down an Open Society

Growing Your Own Food at Home is now illegal!

Road To World War III: Turkish Army Enters Syria After Second Day Of Shelling As Saudi Warplanes Arrive "The Syrian government says Turkish forces were believed to be among 100 gunmen it said entered Syria on Saturday accompanied by 12 pick-up trucks mounted with heavy machine guns, in an ongoing supply operation to insurgents fighting Damascus," Reuters reports.

Video of Marjory Wildcraft - Grow Your Own Food discusses economic collapse


18 tips for saving money on groceries

Think Whole Foods is a ripoff? It's worse than you thought

Food Waste numbers If the amount of food wasted globally were reduced by just 25% there would be enough food to feed all the people who are malnourished according to the UN.

Each year 1.3 billion tons of food, about a third of all that is produced, is wasted

Environmental impact: the carbon footprint of food produced but not eaten is estimated to be 3.3 gigatons of CO2 per year.

How to revive old food and make it delicious again The statistics are getting repetitive, but they bear repeating ad nauseum: 40 percent of food in the United States today goes uneaten, equaling on average more than 20 pounds of food waste per person every month. Americans throw out the equivalent of $165 billion each year; the impact is staggering.

Much of it has to do with a wildly inefficient food system, but we consumers are to blame as well. The average American consumer wastes 10 times as much food as someone in Southeast Asia; we waste more than half [more] of what we did in the 1970s. We’re spoiled, we need to pay more attention. And one of the things we can do is not be so squeamish about imperfect food.

If apples, bananas, potatoes, avocados, artichokes, and others become brown
Skin on produce protects the inside, but when the flesh of some items is exposed to air, it oxidizes and turns brown. It may not be pretty, but there is no harm in eating it and taste will not be affected. Douse the exposed surface immediately in lemon juice to slow down browning if the look of it turns you off.

If fruits or vegetables are bruised
Something gets bumped or jostled, it gets bruised – cell structure is damaged and softening and browning set in. Light bruising does not make food inedible; just remove the bruised section as the texture may be affected and more importantly, they may create an entry point for microbes.

If lettuce has brown or pink spots
It may be unsettling to see lettuce with brown ends, brown stains, or a pink center – but this doesn’t mean the greens are diseased. Leaves can become brown from growing conditions or exposure to oxygen. And pink lettuce? This can occur when the middle rib is exposed to higher temperatures. It’s all perfectly safe to eat. You may not want to showcase it in a centerpiece salad, but tossed in chopped salads and tucked into sandwiches will hide a multitude of sins. Some heartier lettuces are great sautéed, too – romaine hearts can even be put straight on the grill for a charred Caesar salad that goes far in camouflaging imperfections.

Driving / Cars

One Thing You Hate About Driving is About to Change no more parking

Where To Move

The 23 cities with the best quality of life in the world -- and not a single one in the USA. If you want to live in a healthy, prosperous and safe city, you should probably look outside the United States, according to the Mercer 2016 Quality of Living City Rankings.

1. Vienna, Austria
2. Zurich, Switzerland
3. Auckland, New Zealand
4. Munich, Germany
5. Vancouver, Canada
6. Dusseldorf, Germany
7. Frankfurt, Germany
8. Geneva, Switzerland
9. Copenhagen, Denmark
10. Sydney, Australia
11. Amsterdam, Netherlands
12. Wellington, New Zealand
13. Berlin, Germany
14. Bern, Switzerland
16 (joint). Toronto, Canada
16 (joint). Melbourne, Australia
17. Ottawa, Canada
18. Hamburg, Germany
20 (joint). Luxembourg
20 (joint). Stockholm, Sweden
22 (joint). Brussels, Belgium
22 (joint). Perth, Australia
23. Montreal, Canada
See Details of the list and photos


Why Did No One Tell [Texas] Drivers with No Tickets in 3 Years About This New Rule?

Are you aware that you could receive a large discount just for not having a ticket or accident in the past 3 years? In addition, if you are currently insured and live in a qualified ZIP code you can get an extremely high discount. Probably not…as car insurance companies want you to be left in the dark.

For a long time, there was no easy way to compare all of these huge car insurance companies. You’d have to check one site and then jump to another and put in all of your information all over again. Drivers would be stuck doing all the work to save money. Now, fortunately, all that has changed. Thanks to Provide Savings™, it is now so much easier to find the information you need. Just like Expedia or Orbitz saves you money on travel and flights, Provide Savings™ saves you money on car insurance.

Solar; Energy

Texas Homeowners Use New Solar Program to Go Solar at No Cost. Here’s How… Installing solar panels can cost the average Texas homeowner $25,000, making it too expensive for most people to go solar. The good news is that a new state-funded initiative wants to change that. This new program aims to help middle class homeowners make the switch to solar at no upfront cost through rebates and incentives.

Thanks To Google, Now There’s an Awesome Tool That Can Help You Switch to Solar Panels Project Sunroof, an online tool that helps people assess the costs and benefits of installing rooftop solar panels. Using their extensive mapping data, paired with weather pattern information, and potential shadow obstruction, Project Sunroof tells customers how much money they could save by switching to solar. It’s as easy as entering your address and average monthly electric. The program will then give your estimated costs and savings if you switch to solar. It’ll also direct you to the nearest solar provider so you can get started!

Project Sunroof

House Temperature

Part of email from Organic Bytes:

Many also keep their homes too warm at night, especially their bedrooms. Time Magazine cites a study in the journal Diabetes, which "suggests that simply blasting the air conditioner or turning down the heat in winter may help us attack belly fat while we sleep." This has to do with your so-called brown fat, which helps keep your body warm by burning stored fat. Brown fat also plays a role in regulating blood sugar.

According to the article:

"Participants spent a few weeks sleeping in bedrooms with varying temperatures: A neutral 75 degrees, a cool 66 degrees, and a balmy 81 degrees. After four weeks of sleeping at 66 degrees, the subjects had almost doubled their volumes of brown fat. (And yes, that means they were able to lose belly fat.)"

Moreover, keeping the temperature in your bedroom below 70 degrees Fahrenheit will help optimize your sleep. Research shows the optimal temperature for sleep is actually as low as 60 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures above 75 degrees Fahrenheit and below 54 degrees will interfere with your sleep.


How to Clean Grease From Kitchen Cabinet DoorsGrease stains have a tendency to go unnoticed, allowing them to build up to seemingly impossible proportions. This grime can damage the wood of your cabinets if allowed to remain for a long period of time. However, as unpleasant as these stains may seem, they are easily remedied. Try the most gentle method first and if necessary, move to more aggressive solutions until you find the best formula for your situation.

Mix 2 tablespoons of Dawn dish soap with 2 cups of warm water and scrub the cabinet with a clean cloth, following the grain of the wood. Rinse the area clean with a sponge, and dry it with a clean towel.

Sprinkle baking soda onto a clean damp cloth and scrub the cabinet. Rinse with a clean sponge, and dry the area with a clean dry towel.

Add 1 cup white vinegar to the Dawn dish soap and water mixture. The solution is now 2 cups water, 2 tablespoons dish soap and 1 cup white vinegar.

If you need to be still more aggressive, add half a cup of borax to the dish soap, vinegar and water mix. Repeat the scrubbing action with a soft cloth and wipe with a dry cloth.


Black Pepper Will Change How You Do Laundry Forever Add a teaspoon to the wash cycle (along with your regular detergent) the next time you’re doing a load of colors. Set the water temperature to cold.

How it works: The abrasiveness of the pepper exfoliates the soap residue that causes clothing to fade. Then it just washes away with the rinse cycle.

How to Make Washing Soda Washing soda is a chemical compound that can be used to remove stubborn stains from laundry. It's commonly used in homemade laundry detergents and dish detergents, and is known for its stain-lifting abilities. Washing soda can be bought at most big box stores in the United States, but isn't widely available around the rest of the world. The good news is that you can make your own washing soda using one ingredient, and it is extremely inexpensive.

Things You'll Need

Baking soda
Baking dish

Step 1: Preheat the Oven
Preheat the oven to 450 degrees Fahrenheit.

Step 2: Add Baking Soda to a Baking Dish
Pour your desired amount of baking soda into a baking dish. Make as much or as little as you want.

Step 3: Bake
Cook the baking soda in the oven for one hour, making sure to stir around several times while cooking.

Step 4: Remove from Oven and Store
At this point, the baking soda has broken down and the water has been cooked out. You now have washing soda. Carefully remove from oven and allow to cool. Once the washing soda has cooled, store it in an airtight container until you are ready to use it.

11 Ways to Wash Clothes in Vinegar Put versatile vinegar to work in the laundry room to brighten colors, kill odors and eliminate tough stains. A staple in any homemade cleaning arsenal, distilled white vinegar is a multitasking must-have for your laundry routine. The inexpensive ingredient is an effective natural cleaner and is safe to use on everything from towels and sheets to delicates and baby's clothing.

For a laundry boost, add 1/2 cup of vinegar to clothes before washing. It can help your detergent work more effectively as well as protect colors from fading and dissolve the dulling residue that soap and detergents can leave behind on clothes. The result is brighter colors.

Replace expensive commercial fabric softeners with white distilled vinegar. Vinegar acts as a natural fabric softener that softens clothes without leaving any residue. Add 1/2 cup of vinegar to the final rinse cycle.

Dryer sheets will be a thing of the past! Add 1/2 cup of vinegar in the final rinse cycle of each wash load to prevent static cling.

Eliminate Soap Residue: The acetic acid in white vinegar breaks down any soap residue that may have built up on clothing, towels, blankets and sheets. This residue can irritate sensitive skin, especially in babies and young children. Add 1 cup of white vinegar to the rinse cycle to eliminate soap buildup.

Add 2 cups of vinegar to the final rinse cycle when washing towels, sheets and blankets. This will remove all soapy buildup that has accumulated over time and leave your towels softer and fluffier than they have been in a long time.

Minimize Lint and Pet Hair: Not only will vinegar reduce static cling, but it will also help minimize lint and pet hair build up. Adding 1/2 cup vinegar to the rinse cycle will help keep lint and pet hair from clinging to fabrics.

Whiten Whites: Keep white clothes white and remove yellow or dingy stains with vinegar. To prevent stains, add 1 1/2 cups of vinegar to the last rinse cycle in a load of white clothing.

To remove stains, bring a large pot of water to boil and add 1 cup of vinegar. Remove pot from heat and add your whites. Soak overnight, then wash as usual.

Stain Treatment: ''t cry over spilled coffee. Keep a spray bottle of undiluted white vinegar in the laundry room to pretreat coffee, wine, soda, chocolate and jelly stains. Apply vinegar to stains on washable 100% cotton, polyester and permanent press cotton fabrics until saturated. Let the fabric absorb the vinegar for 10 minutes, then gently scrub with a soft brush and launder according to care tag instructions. For accidental deodorant stains, saturate one corner of a washcloth with vinegar and gently wipe away stains.

Eliminate odors: Vinegar is great for eliminating funky odors and even works on smoke or mildew smells. Add 1 cup white vinegar to the last rinse cycle to deodorize an entire load.

Forgot to take clothes out of the washer and now they smell sour? No problem! Run the load again with hot water and add 2 cups of vinegar. Then wash again with detergent to get rid of the musty odor.

Prevent Fading: Brightly colored clothing tends to run in the wash (hello, pink socks!). You can prevent fading and extend the life of colored clothes by making them colorfast before washing. Soak new colored clothing in solution of one part vinegar and one part water for 20 minutes to prevent them from bleeding in the wash. Test on an inconspicuous spot before immersing fabric and then launder according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Wash Delicates: Use vinegar instead of detergent to hand-wash delicates and swim suits. Add 1/4 cup of vinegar to a sink full of lukewarm water and soak delicates for 15 to 30 minutes. Rinse thoroughly and air dry.

Clean Your Washing Machine: Soap residue and mineral deposits can build up in your washer’s barrel, dispensers and hoses. Remove soap scum and freshen your washing machine by adding 1 cup of vinegar to an empty washing machine and running it through a normal wash cycle without clothes once a month.

Pour the vinegar into any automatic detergent or fabric softener dispensers to remove any soapy residue that has accumulated in there as well.

Laundry articles Ehow


THE EASIEST WAY TO CLEAN UP BROKEN GLASS What you need: A slice of bread (or bagel, your call) What you do: First, carefully pick up large glass pieces by hand. Then for the smaller, hard-to-get ones, place the soft part of the bread on top of the shards and gently press down.

How does it work? The porous surface acts like a sponge for any and all splinters and fragments. It's the best thing since...well, you know.

Pure Green 100% natural latex mattress topper review it's not always necessary to replace the entire mattress in order to refresh our beds. Sometimes, a mattress topper is all that's required to bring a whole new level of comfort and support to our nightly slumber, and if you'd like a more eco-friendly option than the uber-popular 'memory foam' toppers, one great choice is a 100% natural latex topper.

Clearing Clutter

Slideshow: Bust Your Clutter

Entry Hall Dump

It's clutter ground zero: raincoats, purses, backpacks, and gym bags.

What It May Mean: Your family is distracted and eager to move on to the next activity when they get home. So they simply drop things as they walk in the door.

Think of the foyer as a launching pad, not a dumping ground. Leave only things that are ready to go out the door.

Overstuffed Pantry

You can cram a lot of stuff in there -- cookie sprinkles, low-fat snack bars, industrial-sized bottles of ketchup -- even though it's probably hard to find what you need. You may even forget what's in there.

What It May Mean: You're an impulse buyer -- you like to try new things or you can't resist a bargain. Or you buy foods you want to or think you should eat, but you never eat them.

Prune the Pantry

  • Check dates and get rid of foods that have expired.
  • Think like a grocer: Group foods by type and label the shelves. Put things that you would use together, like baking supplies, in a box or basket that you can find easily.
  • Check the pantry when you make a shopping list. ''t buy spaghetti sauce until you've used the jars you already have, even if it's on sale. Stick to your list when you shop.

e-Mail Mountain

Snail mail clutter, like email inbox clutter, is often about putting off decisions, organizers say. You need to decide what to do with each piece, which takes time.

You can sort and shred, but it's easier to cut down on mail... Snap a cell phone photo of junk mail you want to stop. There are free apps that can cancel it for you.

What about those piles of catalogs, with pages you've marked for things you'd like to buy? Take a photo of the page instead.

Less Is More on the Frig Door

First, take down everything. Put mementos in a bag for two weeks. If you find you can live without them, discard.

Move reminders like dry cleaning tags to your car or wallet. Once a week, like when you get gas, go through them and toss out the ones you ''t need.

Rotate magnets, photos, and artwork so you see them with a fresh eye.

Bathroom Counter Chaos

How many bottles of conditioner or lipsticks in the same shade can a person use at once? Limit it to one of each item per person.

Give each person a shower tote or basket for his stuff. Keep them in cubbies or cabinets.

Arrange things that must be within easy reach on a tray to make bathroom cleaning easier.

Make a rule: No one opens a new shampoo or other product until she finishes the one she already has.

The Junk-Heaped Garage [Shop]

Find a good home for items you won't use again. If you're not sure about something, put it in a box, tape it up, and date it. If you ''t need to use it in 18 months, get rid of it.

Use shelves to hold bulk supplies.

Borrow or rent costly gear for a new hobby until you know you'll stick with it. Before you buy more seasonal decorations, check to see if you have room to store them.

Beloved Junk Drawer

Everyone's got one. Some people have one in each room. Many people love their junk drawer. It's home to all kinds of random things: batteries, birthday candles, stray buttons and tacks, change from various countries, stamps, tools, take-out menus, receipts, SIM cards, stamps, flash drives, and rubber bands.

There's no need to get rid of your junk drawer. But clear it out when it gets too crazy to be useful:

  • Take everything out and pile similar items together. Get rid of things like expired coupons and spare keys that you can’t identify.
  • Buy a plastic tray with dividers, or repurpose baby wipes or cigar boxes, mint tins, and mesh bags. Group similar items together. This can be a fun job for children on a rainy day.

Coffee [Grounds]

What to do with Leftover Coffee Grounds Your coffee grounds are great for all sorts of things, from cooking and cleaning to gardening.

Clean Your Grill, Pots and Pans

Abrasive coffee grounds are great for scrubbing greasy grills, pots and pans. Put grounds on a rag and gleefully scrub away, knowing you're using a natural product to eliminate hard-to-clean grime.

Add Grounds to Your Compost Pile

If you keep a compost pile, add the grounds to help improve the soil you use for your plants. Serious Eats says, "Worms love the stuff: They'll munch your day-old coffee happily, turning it into black gold by digesting it and producing nutrient-rich castings."

Use Them as Fertilizer for Your Plants

Speaking of which, as an organic fertilizer, coffee grounds improve "drainage, water retention and aeration in soil." Mixing grounds directly into soil helps plants get essential elements like phosphorus and potassium without the use of chemical fertilizers. Be sure to rinse the naturally acidic grounds first, however, or add them to compost before using them in soil.

Rid Your Hands of Garlic and Onion Smells

Oniony and garlicky odors like to linger on the hands. If you find yourself struggling to completely rid yourself of the gnarly stench, try rubbing your hands with coffee grounds when you're finished handling these pesky alliums.

Keep a Bowl in Your Fridge to Eliminate Odors

Just as coffee can remove the stubborn smells from your hands, so too can it rid your refrigerator of lasting odors. Dry out leftover grounds, stick them in a bowl in your fridge and say so long to whatever food smells are creeping around in there.

Hide Scratches on Your Furniture

Coffee's naturally dark color makes it perfect for hiding scratches on wood tables, chairs or other furniture. Let the grounds sit for up to 10 minutes to stain unwanted marks, then wipe away with a rag for a more polished appearance with almost no effort.

Mattress, Sheets, Pillow

How Casper Became a $100 Million Company in Less Than Two Years everyone needs a mattress, meaning the $14 billion industry was ripe for reinventing. Enter Casper, the online bed-in-a-box maker that launched in April 2014. The concept was simple: Produce the best mattress possible at an affordable price, sell a single model, and deliver it quickly, for free, with a 100-day trial period. It worked: Casper had sales of $1 million in its first month.

In the beginning, it was "Let's disrupt the mattress industry. It's broken." That quickly morphed into "Let's invent an industry around sleep." My father is a sleep doctor, and I went to a year of medical school. The mattress industry is a racket. You walk into a store expecting a confusing experience, but you ''t expect the 35 models offered to be basically the same product with different labels. It's worse than buying a used car--at least there you have data points like horsepower, air conditioning, and a Carfax report. But who knows how many springs are good for you?

After eight months of testing hundreds of mattress types, we learned that people need similar things, like back support, so we decided to make one mattress. Memory foam is super supportive, but it gets hot and it's not very bouncy, so we added a layer of open-cell latex foam, which keeps you cool and adds just the right bounce. We're the first company to put memory foam and latex together and have a patent pending.

I lived in a fourth-floor walkup and realized there was no way to get a queen-size bed up our stairs easily. We said, "What if we could compress a mattress to fit into a box the size of a dorm refrigerator?" This way, we can deliver it via UPS so it costs us a 10th of the price to ship. Plus, people can test the mattress in their homes. You have 100 days to try our mattress. If you ''t like it, we'll come get it for free. Now, a few companies do this, but not long ago most stores required a several-hundred-dollar restocking fee.

Our return rate is low, and we try to 'ate those mattresses to a local charity, which is more cost-effective than taking them back halfway across the country to refurbish and resell.

People usually buy a mattress about every eight to 10 years. Most companies ''t care who you are--they've made their sale. For us, that's the start of a long-term relationship. Half of our customers talk to someone in-house. The questions are technical, as in "Do I need a box spring?" (No.) "Does it work on this type of bed frame?" (Yes.) We use every conversation to learn something about the customer. We know how long you've had your bed, and if you have kids or a pet. We keep track of all that, and then send people anniversary gifts, or dog beds. It's not about just selling you a bed. It's "How do I make this person our biggest advocate?"

There are many more ways to create an ideal sleep environment. The day after we launched, we started working on pillows and sheets. We questioned how both are produced and then made prototypes. We tried 100 different densities of materials for pillows, including buckwheat, and had cus­tomers try many of them. It took 16 months to come up with one pillow that works for everyone.

We did a similar process with our sheets and found most people want them to breathe well and last a long time. We've been taught to believe that 1,000-thread-count hotel collection sheets are what everyone wants. It turns out, the more threads, the more filler fiber, which means the sheets are going to sleep really hot. Our perfect balance is 90 threads one way, 110 the other.

Casper Mattress Queen is $850. Pillow is $75.


6 Surprising Foods You ''t Need to Refrigerate Jams and Jellies ''t Need to Go in the Fridge

Butter Does Not Go in the Fridge--Butter is mostly fat, with a very small amount of protein, not enough to support the growth of bacteria. Salted butter, by the way, has an even longer shelf life... Butter can go rancid if exposed to oxygen, light and heat, just like we talked about with peanut butter.

How to Ditch Your Air Conditioner Without Melting Draw the curtains.. can reduce heat gains by 33 percent.

Close the blinds.. can reduce heat gains by 45 percent.

Pantry, Kitchen

Why Open Shelving Makes for a Better Pantry Use these seven ideas to create the most organized pantry with open shelving.

Pantry Organizers You Need.

Organize Your Pantry by Zones Zoning your pantry helps you see what food you have, what you need to restock, and where the groceries belong.

How to Organize a Kitchen

Fruit Flies

6 DIY Ways to Fight Fruit Fly Invasions They’re not just icky—in fact, fruit flies can be a serious health hazard. Research has shown that the insects can transmit pathogens like E. coli to fresh foods. In other words, even one fruit fly in the kitchen can put you at risk for foodborne illnesses.

Even worse, a fruit fly problem can escalate quickly. Females can lay up to 500 eggs at a time, which hatch within three days. Pretty soon, those two little flies have spawned into an entire army.


First, figure out what’s attracting the flies. They can congregate on overripe or damaged fruit left out on countertops, around dirty garbage bins, in a garbage disposal that hasn’t been run in a while, and even on damp sponges. Put fresh produce away in the fridge—bananas or other fruit that shouldn’t be refrigerated can be stored in a container with a lid. Thoroughly clean any part of the kitchen where you see flies congregating.


Flies '’t like all fresh foods—in fact, a few herbs will actually repel them. Lavender stalks (or even a few drops of lavender essential oil) in a small dish on the counter will ward them off. Rue will work as well, although it can be a little trickier to find.


It’s time to get crafty. Grab a mason jar, tall glass, or slim-necked bottle and fill it with fruit fly bait. They seek out sugar, so try:

  • Chopped overripe fruit
  • Juice or soda
  • Leftover wine
  • Apple cider vinegar

Roll a piece of paper into a cone with a very small opening at the point and tape it together. This is the funnel, which goes in the top of the trap. The flies will zoom inside toward that intoxicating sweet smell, but won’t be able to escape.

Once you’ve caught several flies, you’ll need to kill them before you dispose of the trap. Make a solution of warm water and dish soap, then, working quickly, remove the funnel and pour it in. Dump out the contents and thoroughly clean the container you used.


You can make another variation of the same trap with a small bowl and plastic wrap. Fill the bowl with any of the bait options above, then cover it tightly with plastic wrap. Poke miniscule holes in the plastic with a toothpick or the tines of a fork—you want the flies to be able to enter but not get out.

When you’re ready to dispose of the trap, remove the plastic wrap and pour in the same dish soap solution. You may want to do this outside so the flies '’t escape into your kitchen.


'’t want to wait around for a trap to work? Fill a spray bottle with 70 percent rubbing alcohol and then spritz directly on flies—it’ll knock them right out of the air. Spray once more, to make sure they’re dead, then sweep them into the trash.


When you have a full-blown invasion on your hands, it’s time to bring out the big guns. Aunt Fannie’s is known for their food-based cleaning and pest solutions, and for good reason. Their fruit fly traps use a blend of natural ingredients and a specialty industrial-strength vinegar that flies find intoxicating. Just pick up a trap, open the lid, and wait—it’s that easy.

Once the flies touch the liquid inside the open jar, it disables them and actually starts to break down their exoskeleton. (Brutal, but effective.) Next, they’ll start to sink, effectively drowning any flies that are still alive. Even better, the trap is totally self-contained, so there’s no need for clean-up afterward!


6 tips to freeze food like a pro


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Tidy House Tips

8 clever tactics for keeping your house tidy Learning a few new habits can make it a lot easier to stay on top of the daily mess at home. Cleaning the house is one thing, but staying on top of daily clutter and messiness is another task altogether.

1. Have an upstairs/downstairs bin. “Families may wish to employ a bin or basket system, where everyone in the house gets assigned a basket, and their items get placed in the basket.”

2. Hands Full--Use your hands to their full capacity. When you leave a room, fill your arms/hands with items that need to be moved elsewhere, saving you the trip later. Drop it off in the correct place.

3. 'ation Bin--Always have an empty box or sturdy shopping bag on hand for unwanted goods. That way, any time you come across something you no longer like or use, you can put it directly into the 'ation bin, rather than allowing it to return into household circulation.

4. Be a ‘ruthless reader.’ If you subscribe to magazines or newspapers, toss them in the recycling bin as soon as you’re 'e with them... Resist the urge to stockpile issues, and if there’s something of real interest, take a picture of it on your phone.

5. Use snippets of time to tidy. Never underestimate the power of a few short minutes to get ahead with a task. Whether it’s waiting a minute for the microwave to reheat your coffee or oatmeal, a commercial break on TV, take advantage of these moments to do a quick tidy, wipe-down, or load some plates into the dishwasher. It all adds up.

6. Try the 40/20 rule. Work for 40 minutes, do housework for 20. Repeat all day long. You can do a lot of chores in only 20 minutes, and it also gives you a mental break from working.

7. Switch out dirty towels and cloths immediately. '’t let smelly washcloths, dish towels, or hand towels linger.

8. Keep a laundry basket in the bedroom.

Solar Air Conditioning

Solar powered air conditioning is finally here, and it's totally boring Instead of fancy new technology, it's all about combining improved efficiency with low cost solar panels.

Is Your AC Making You Sick? 5 Things You Need to Know By Eva M. Selhub, M.D. / The Huffington Post May 26, 2015. Keeping the room temperature so cold has negative consequences.

.. the positive side of air conditioners, as they are beneficial to those individuals who suffer from asthma and allergies, as pollen and dust are filtered through the system. The air conditioners also dry out the humidity and usually clean out the air, enabling us to breathe cleaner air and not be over-run by heat stroke.

The problem is, however, that these systems need to be extremely well-maintained, checked and cleaned, or all these benefits are trumped by breathing problems and infections. More so, keeping the room temperature so cold has other negative consequences. These are the top five negative health consequences that you want to be aware of:

1. Breathing problems.When air conditioners are not cleaned thoroughly and filters changed, a breeding ground for all kinds of bacteria and fungi is created. These systems especially can be home to black mold, as moisture can build up in the coils and ducts from condensation that forms when the cool air passes through. Remedy: Make sure your air conditioning systems are cleaned regularly and the filter changed every few months.

2. Fatigue, headaches and generally feeling ill. Many individuals find that after a day of work, they often feel more tired than usual, headachy and a general sense of malaise. They also find that once they leave the building, the symptoms often resolve. Sometimes termed "sick building syndrome," it may be that air conditioning may be the cause. Remedy: Raise the temperature slightly so that you are not shivering and take regular breaks to step outside for fresh air and for your body temperature to equilibrate.

3. Getting contaminated. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is warning us that we may be more exposed to pollutants inside than outside, especially because central air conditioning does not bring in fresh air but circulates old air. This means that if there is mold, dust, animal dander or other people in the building have viruses or air-borne infections, individuals are more prone to be exposed and get sick. Remedy:Some systems are built to a low in a "leak" from the outside. You can create your own leak by cracking open a window even slightly.

4. Dry skin. The more time you spend in an air-conditioned environment, the dryer your skin may become, as the cold, dry air can cause your skin to lose its moisture. Your hair may suffer such ill effects as well. Remedy: Get a great moisturizer!

5. Visiting the doctor more often. Studies have shown that that individuals who spend more time in air-conditioned environments have an increased use of health care services. An analysis found more visits for complaints related to ears-nose-and throat problems, respiratory and dermatological problems. Remedy: Do all of the above and ensure that other aspects of the room or car are thoroughly cleaned, like carpets, curtains and the like.

Keeping the Home Cool

10 overlooked low-tech ways of keeping your home cool Lloyd Alter (@lloydalter) Design / Sustainable Product Design July 7, 2009

Summer is here and the air is full of the the sound of whining air conditioners, all seriously sucking kilowatts. Yet much of that air conditioning load could be reduced or the air conditioning season shortened if we did simple things, many of them common before air conditioning was common in North America. Here are some low-tech tips for keeping cool.

The best ideas are those that keep the heat out of your home in the first place, rather than paying to pump it out after it gets in.

1. Use awnings

According to the Washington Post, The Department of Energy estimates that awnings can reduce solar heat gain—the amount temperature rises because of sunshine—by as much as 65 percent on windows with southern exposures and 77 percent on those with western exposures. Your furniture will last longer, too.

2. Plant a tree

I ''t own an air conditioner. The house immediately to the south does it for us, completely shading the south side of our house. What it misses, a huge ancient maple in its front yard gets, so in winter I get a lot of sun in my window, and in summer I am always in shade. A tree is as sophisticated as any electronic device around

3. Plant vines

Frank Lloyd Wright once said "a doctor can bury his mistakes, but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines." It turns out he could have been a mechanical engineer, for it is surprising how effective vines are at keeping a house cool.

Vines such as ivy, Russian vine and Virginia creeper grow quickly and have an immediate effect; according to Many complain that vines can ruin buildings, dig out mortar or cause wood to deteriorate, but it depends on the vines and the building.

Climbers can dramatically reduce the maximum temperatures of a building by shading walls from the sun, the daily temperature fluctuation being reduced by as much as 50%.Together with the insulation effect, temperature fluctuations at the wall surface can be reduced from between –10°/14°F to 60°C/140°F to between 5°C/41°F and 30°/86°F. Vines also cool your home through envirotranspiration

4. Tune your windows

The windows on your home are not just holes in the wall that you open or close, they are actually part of a sophisticated ventilation machine. It is another "Oldway"—People used to take it for granted that you tune them for the best ventilation, but in this thermostat age we seem to have forgotten how.

For instance, everyone knows that heat rises, so if you have high windows and open them when it hot inside, the hot air will vent out. But it can be a lot more sophisticated than that.

When air passes over your home, it works the same way as it does over an airplane wing: the Bernoulli effect causes the air on top and on the downwind side of the house to be at a lower pressure than on the upwind side. So if you have double hung windows, you can open the bottom section of the upwind side of the house and the upper section of the downwind side, and the low pressure will suck the air through your house. Make the outlet openings larger than the inlet opening, it increases the draft. That is why I love double hung windows; they offer the most flexibility and options.

Others say that casement windows are best because they can open up to 100%; double hungs can never be open more than 50%. However I have seen studies (which I cannot find) that show that double hung windows actually work better because of the many options in setting them.

5. Get a ceiling fan

work on the same principle, that moving air evaporates moisture from your skin and keeps you cooler.

they can save you some cash since they operate at a fraction of central and window air-conditioning units (and they can work great in tandem with your A/C if global warming has you sweating it out). As Energy Star reminds us, ceiling fans help keep you cool, rather than cooling the entire room. So there is no point in leaving them on if you leave the room

6. Paint your roof

In much the same way that more ice/snow reflects UV rays instead of absorbing the heat the way the oceans do (think: feedback loop that results from melting polar ice caps), cities are now giving white roofs a second look as a way to cool cities and fight climate change. The Los Angeles Times reports that the Climate Change Research Conference, held this week, advised that if buildings and road surfaces in 100 of the largest cities in the US were covered with lighter and heat-reflective surfaces the savings could be massive.

White Roofs to Sweep the World, Fight Climate Change It's long been known that white roofs reflect more heat back into space, reducing the amount of electricity used for A/C and thus drastically cutting down on energy consumption. Some estimates say they save billions of dollars annually. And they've just gotten their most public, most official shout out yet--Secretary of Energy Stephen Chu has recommended that the world should try to have "white roofs everywhere to help fight climate change"--remarks that were carried in hundreds of news wires around the world.According to Bloomberg,

Painting flat roofs of homes and commercial buildings white would reflect more of the sun's heat back to space and reduce electricity used for air conditioning by as much as 15 percent, Chu told reporters today in Lon', citing research by Arthur Rosenfeld, a member of the California Energy Commission.

It's such a simple concept that some states, like California, have already mandated commercial buildings be constructed with white roofs. But paler colors shouldn't be restricted to flat roofed commercial buildings, either:

For sloping roofs that are more visible than flat ones, Chu said paints known as "cool colors" are being developed. Those hues look like colors in the visible spectrum while reflecting a bigger portion of infra-red light, he said. Roads can also be made paler, he said.

How To Help Prevent Global Warming With Your Roof roughly 3 per cent of the Earth's land surface is covered with buildings.

Cool Roofs The EPA says over 90% of the roofs in the United States are dark colored. A dark roof absorbs heat, leading to more need for cooling or air conditioning. The alternative is a "cool roof" — a roof that does two important things: it reflects solar energy, and it also radiates heat away after it is absorbed.

Of course, one other alternative is to use a "green roof", which is even better than a cool roof.

7. Install operable shutters or external blinds

The best way to deal with unwanted solar gain is to keep it out in the first place. One can do that with properly designed overhangs or bris soleil, which keep out the sun in summer but are designed to let it in during winter. However this is not very flexible. Another option is the exterior blind, quite common in Europe or Australia but expensive and hard to find in North America, where upfront cost always loses out to operating cost.

Shutters really are the most amazing overlooked technology. They provide ventilation, security, shading and storm protection in one simple device.

8. Get an attic fan

A lot of people run expensive air conditioning when it is actually pretty cool out- after the sun has been baking a California house all day it can be cool in the evening but the house is still holding a couple of hundred thousand BTUs of heat. In more temperate parts of the country, just moving the air and having good ventilation could eliminate the need for AC much of the time.

9. ''t cook hot food inside

There is a reason our ancestors built summer kitchens; those stoves put out a lot of heat and you didn't want them in your house in summer. Outside summer kitchens are all the rage in the luxury house/ mcmansion set as well. It really makes no sense to run a stove inside, just to then spend money to run air conditioning to remove the heat again. So get a gas barbecue and grill your vegetables, take advantage of farmers markets to get fresh stuff, and eat lots of salad.

10. Be smart where you put your money and energy

John's graph from the Florida Solar Energy Center says it all. When the weatherization contractors come to get you to insulate your house, (the most expensive thing you can do to save energy) you can show them that this makes no sense, only 7% of the cooling load is coming through the walls. A couple of hours with a caulking gun to reduce infiltration would do more.

When they tell you that you need to install expensive new low-e tinted windows, remember that an awning or a shutter is more sophisticated and flexible; you have the choice whether to let the sun in or not.

Tape up your ducts, turn off your computers and save your money. The simple, low-tech tried and true methods cost less, save more energy and work forever.

More Architectural Tricks To Keep Cool Without Air Conditioning


Cupolas are as functional as they are decorative. As warm air rises cupolas allow hot air to escape at the high points in the house while bringing up cooler air from below. They also create a steady air-flow even when there is no breeze outside. In some homes, cupolas provide soft, indirect sunlight that illuminates the home without bringing in the heat.

Pinterest page on cupolas

Disaster Kit et al.

Email from The Old Farmer's Almanac, 8/13/17:

Everyone should have a disaster kit to be prepared for the worst storms. Include a flashlight, fresh batteries, cash, water and canned food. Make sure your first aid kit and all your medications are current. You should also have a list of emergency phone numbers. See our suggestions on what to keep in an emergency supply kit.

Keep your cell phones and battery-operated devices charged up if a storm is forecasted. Have alternative charging methods for phones ready if the power goes out. Sign up for FEMA text messages (text PREPARE to 4FEMA).

Keep refrigerator and freezer doors closed during a blackout to avoid spoiled food.

Have a backup home generator.

Avoid going outside during a power outage. You often risk falling trees and dangerous downed power lines that may have live electricity running through them.



You should have a three-day supply of non-perishable food, including ready-to-eat canned goods. Try to choose high energy foods, such as granola, dried fruit, nuts, protein bars, and jerky. Avoid overly salty foods, like chips and pretzels, as they will make you thirsty.

Be sure to have a manual can opener on hand, as well as eating utensils.

Prepare for any special dietary needs of your family.

It’s also possible to buy freeze-dried foods or meal kits in bulk, which are specially made and packaged for use in emergency situations.

Review your food supplies occasionally and eliminate anything that has exceeded its “use by” date.


Keep on hand a three-day supply of water. You should have one gallon of water for each person, per day. To ensure safe drinking water, it is recommended to buy commercially bottled water.


First Aid Kit, including non-prescription medication and antibacterial gel.

First Aid Kit

Be sure to stock extra prescription medication and any other special medical or sanitary needs

Tissues, paper towels, and toilet paper can also come in handy.

Be sure to check out our tips for health emergencies as well.


Plan accordingly for the climate you live in. Layered clothing can help you stay warm and dry.

Include at least one complete change of clothes for each person.


Flashlights, with extra batteries (or mechanical, squeeze-type flashlights)
Matches in a waterproof container
Paper and pencil
Signal flares
Extra cell phone battery or battery packs
Fire extinguisher
Pocket knife
Nylon rope
Duct tape


Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.

Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
Photo IDs, passports, social security cards, immunization records
Bank account numbers
Credit card account numbers and companies
Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
Photocopies of credit and identification cards

EMERGENCY CAR KIT Keep these items in a bag in your trunk:

Battery-powered radio, flashlight, and extra batteries
Booster cables
Bottled water and nonperishable high-energy foods such as granola bars, raisins, and peanut butter
Fire extinguisher (5-lb., A-B-C type)
First-aid kit and manual
Maps, shovel, flares
Tire repair kit and pump
Spare tire


A snowbrush and ice scraper
A bag of sand to help with traction
Extra windshield fluid
A blanket, just in case
Old winter boots and clothes for the trunk


Keep your gas tank filled above halfway to avoid emergencies in bad weather.

Stuck on the ice without sand or cat litter? In a pinch, you can take the mats out of your car, place them next to the tires, and slowly inch the car onto and across the mats.

To restore proper windshield wiper blade action, smooth the rubber blades with fine sandpaper to remove any grit and pits.

Gently rub a small, moistened, cloth bag of iodized salt on the outside of your windshield to prevent the ice and snow from sticking.

Fog-proof your mirrors and the inside of your windshields with shaving cream. Spray and wipe it off with paper towels.

Avoid driving when you have the flu, which can reduce your reaction time almost six times as much as moderate alcohol intake.


INSECTS INVADING YOUR HOME? It’s that time of year again! As temperatures cool, various flies, bugs, and beetles slip into your walls, and sometimes into your home’s interior, trying to find somewhere to stay warm for the winter.

They appear suddenly, seemingly out of nowhere, massing (sometimes by the thousands) on the west wall and windows of your kitchen, or perhaps as swarms of lazy flies buzzing annoyingly and aimlessly around the room.

If you live in a part of the nation where temperatures can dip below freezing from late fall into early spring, the cold-weather insect invasion can be a real nuisance

These are the five main culprits, with links to learn more about them:

Multicolored Asian lady beetle

Harmonia axyridis, most commonly known as the harlequin, multicolored Asian, or simply Asian ladybeetle, is a large coccinellid beetle. This is one of the most variable species in the world, with an exceptionally wide range of color forms.[1] It is native to eastern Asia, but has been artificially introduced to North America and Europe to control aphids and scale insects. It is now common, well known, and spreading in those regions, and has also established in South Africa and widely across South America.

This species is conspicuous in North America where it may locally be known as the Halloween ladybeetle. It earns this name as it often invades homes during October, in order to prepare for overwintering.

By ©entomart, Attribution,

CONTROL: The best methods for dealing with H. axyridis in private homes involve sealing openings they may enter. Sweeping and vacuuming are considered effective methods for removing them from homes, though this should be 'e carefully so as not to trigger reflex bleeding. A nylon stocking placed inside the vacuum cleaner's hose, secured with a rubber band, allows the beetles to be "bagged" rather than collected inside the machine.[21] A trap designed for indoor use was developed which attracts the beetles with a light and seals them in a removable bag, though as the beetles are not strongly attracted to light, this does not work particularly well.

Cluster flies

The cluster flies or attic flies are the genus Pollenia in the blowfly family Calliphoridae. Unlike more familiar blow flies, such as the bluebottle genus Phormia, they do not present a health hazard because they do not lay eggs in human food. They are strictly parasitic on earthworms; the females lay their eggs near earthworm burrows, and the larvae then infest the worms. However, the flies are a nuisance; when the adults emerge in the late summer or autumn, they enter houses to hibernate, often in large numbers; they are difficult to eradicate because they favour inaccessible spaces such as roof and wall cavities. They are often seen on windows of little-used rooms.

By TristramBrelstaff - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

The typical cluster fly Pollenia rudis is about 7 mm long and can be recognised by distinct lines or stripes behind the head, short golden-coloured hairs on the thorax, and irregular light and dark gray areas on the abdomen. Cluster flies are typically slow-moving.

they are a common pest in North America. P. rudis has spread widely in association with humans.

Western conifer seed bug

The western conifer seed bug, Leptoglossus occidentalis, sometimes abbreviated as WCSB, is a species of true bug (Hemiptera) in the family Coreidae. It is native to North America west of the Rocky Mountains (California to British Columbia, east to Idaho and Nevada) but has in recent times expanded its range to eastern North America, and has become an invasive species in parts of Europe.

By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

This species is a member of the insect family Coreidae, or leaf-footed bugs, which includes other insects such as the Florida leaf-footed bug, L. phyllopus, and the dramatic-looking Acanthocephala femorata. Western conifer seed bugs are sometimes colloquially called stink bugs. This is an accurate description in that they are true bugs that stink, but they are not in the insect family of stink bugs, Pentatomidae.

Boxelder bug

The boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata) is a North American species of true bug. It is found primarily on boxelder trees, as well as maple and ash trees.[1] The adults are about 12.5 millimetres (0.49 in) long with a dark brown or black colouration, relieved by red wing veins and markings on the abdomen; nymphs are bright red.

By Viking6 at English Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0,

CONTROL: Although they specialize on Acer seeds, they may pierce plant tissues while feeding. They are not known to cause significant damage and are not considered to be agricultural pests. However, their congregation habits and excreta can annoy people; for this reason, they are considered nuisance pests. Removal of boxelder and other Acer species can help in control of bug populations.

They may form large aggregations while sunning themselves in areas near their host plant (e.g. on rocks, shrubs, trees, and man-made structures). This is especially a problem during the cooler months, when they sometimes invade houses and other man-made structures seeking warmth or a place to overwinter. They remain inactive inside the walls (and behind siding) while the weather is cool. When the heating systems revive them, some may falsely perceive it to be springtime and enter inhabited parts of the building in search of food, water, and conspecifics. In the spring, the bugs leave their winter hibernation locations to feed and lay eggs on maple or ash trees; aggregations may be seen during this time and well into summer and early fall, depending on the temperature.

Brown marmorated stinkbug

Halyomorpha halys, also known as the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), or simply the stink bug, is an insect in the family Pentatomidae that is native to China, Japan, the Koreas, and Taiwan.[2] It was accidentally introduced into the United States, with the first specimen being collected in September 1998.[3] The brown marmorated stink bug is considered to be an agricultural pest,[4] and by 2010–11 had become a season-long pest in U.S. orchards.[5] Currently it is widespread in Europe, and recently has been found in South America.

By Hectonichus - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Agricultural effects

The brown marmorated stink bug is a serious agricultural pest that has been readily causing damage to crops across the Eastern United States. They feed on a wide array of plants including apples, apricots, Asian pears, cherries, corn, grapes, lima beans, peaches, peppers, tomatoes, and soybeans.[30] This makes them extremely versatile as they do not require a specific plant to feed on. To obtain their food stink bugs use their stylets to pierce the plant tissue in order to extract the plant fluids.[31] In doing so, the plant loses necessary fluids that can lead to deformation of seeds, destruction of seeds, destruction of fruiting structures, delayed plant maturation, and increased vulnerability to harmful pathogens.[31] While harvesting the plant's juices, the stink bug injects saliva into the plant creating a dimpling of the fruit's surface, and rotting of the material underneath.

The most common signs of stink bug damage are pitting and scarring of the fruit, leaf destruction, and a mealy texture to the harvested fruits and vegetables.

CONTROL: As of 2012, native predators such as wasps and birds were showing increased signs of feeding on the bugs as they adapt to the new food source.[24] Managing this pest species is challenging because there are currently few effective pesticides that are labeled for use against them. Researchers are looking into ways to effectively control this species but many more experiments are needed to develop a consistent pesticide.

Left: Western conifer seed bug. Right: Cluster fly. Credit: Alan T. Eaton,

Depending on the structure and exterior finish of your home, as well as environmental factors such as the surrounding vegetation around and near it, some years you may see a lot of these critters, other years, few or none.

None of these cold-weather invaders will eat your food, bite, sting, spread diseases to people or pets, infest stored foods, eat fabrics or paper, destroy wood, or cause any kind of structural damage. What’s more, they won’t mate, lay eggs, and reproduce within your walls or inside your home. They live off their stored bodyfat until spring.

However, when swatted or squashed, stinkbugs, as the name suggests, emit a foul odor emitted by the scent glands when the insect is disturbed. When stressed or dying, a mass of Asian lady beetles may also smell bad and release a yellow fluid that can stain fabrics. Also, the feces of any large mass of insects may help trigger allergies in some people.

How do they get in?

These insects crawl in through loose siding, cracks, crevices, vents, holes in screens, etc. They may fly in through open doors and windows.

What can you do about them?

Prevention, as always, is the best way to deal with these unwelcome visitors. You know the drill: Seal cracks in doors, windows, and openings where air conditioners, plumbing, phone and TV wires enter the home with weather stripping, caulking, polyurethane foam or other appropriate materials.

Make sure your doors and windows shut tightly and keep them closed. Also window screens need to be in proper shape without any holes; keep screens shut tightly, too.

Once the insects have come inside, you can brush the crawlers into a bowl of soapy water (add a bit of detergent). This method gets rid of their odor, too. You can also sweep/vacuum* the bugs up. If you vacuum, empty the bag or canister immediately to prevent the insects from escaping or they will simply reappear back inside the home. Swat the flies.

Please '’t spray insecticides! Most insecticides have some degree of toxicity to people, and spritzing these products around inside a home or car will increase exposure to humans and pets. Besides, you aren’t likely to kill the ones hibernating inside your walls. If you did kill some of them the scent of the dead ones might attract other insects to scavenge their remains.

The insects that do survive in your walls or attic will leave with the return of warm spring days, and it’s not likely you’ll see them in or around your home again until fall.


Would You Refrain From Having Children to Save the Planet? Hayes has the last word in The Guardian’s article. “If a large British family lives as sustainably as it can,” she said, “they will still need the carbon-emitting infrastructure of homes, transport, schools and hospitals. Vast areas of our planet are going to be uninhabitable as climate change progresses but we can reduce this impact by limiting our families to replacement size.


Where do you fall on the personal finance spectrum? Treehugger, 3/21/18

I love reading The Simple Dollar [], and Trent Hamm's articles in particular. He offers great insights into saving money in practical ways, which I appreciate as a mother to young children. Sometimes his articles are more philosophical, such as a recent one called "The Spectrum of Personal Finance." It got me thinking hard about my family's savings rate, which is something I need to do more often.

The idea of a savings spectrum, as described by Hamm, intrigues me. It makes it easier to understand the differences between households and how one can save so much more than another, and how lifestyle choices affect that. Seeing an actual savings rate portrayed in percentages is helpful too; it makes it easier to see where I fit in, relative to where I want to be -- and what I need to do in order to get there.

Hamm's finance spectrum consists of seven categories. These are differentiated by colors.

RED are those people living paycheck to paycheck, with a savings rate of 0% to 2%. These people usually have nice things, expensive homes and new cars, take swanky vacations, and treat their possessions as disposable. This comes with a downside:

"They’re usually carrying some debt and paying it down slowly. They typically struggle mightily to come up with money during an emergency and usually deal with emergencies with more debt by putting it on a credit card and then paying that debt off slowly."

Shockingly, this describes 75 to 80 percent of Americans.

ORANGE has a savings rate of 2% to 8%. These people plan to retire at a normal age (around 65) and do not want to compromise their lifestyle. They still have nice vacations, new cars, big houses, but are a bit more frugal in day-to-day life. Hamm estimates that 10 to 15 percent of Americans fall into this category.

YELLOW folks save between 8% and 15%. They may plan to retire somewhat early, want a comfortable lifestyle, and so live slightly below their means (i.e. making coffee and meals at home instead of getting takeout).

"A large portion of the personal finance books you see in libraries and bookstores are written with this area of the spectrum as a destination."

GREEN is the financial independence / early retirement crowd, with a 15-25% savings rate. These people want to retire in their fifties, so they are frugal on a daily basis, although willing to splurge on high-quality, useful items. They do maintenance on their own and take rustic vacations.

BLUE are what Hamm calls the optimizers, saving up to 40%. These are the real frugality experts, who take pleasure in DIY projects and squeezing savings out of every possible place in their lives. These people are resilient:

"Their lifestyle can tolerate major twists and turns, and they’ve usually got a very healthy amount in savings to handle almost anything that might happen."

INDIGO save up to 80% of their income. In order to do this, one has to spend a lot of time thinking and planning financial decisions. These are homesteaders, extreme DIYers, true minimalists.

"There’s usually a development of a set of strong internal principles which that person tries to live by to the best of their ability, and those principles often aren’t in line with what’s 'mainstream' in society."

Finally, VIOLET are the "Walden" crowd, the hermits and recluses willing to remove themselves from ordinary society, and saving more than 80 percent. This sounds a bit like my parents, living in the forest with no internet or TV, chopping firewood for their cookstove, and eating their meals by lamplight.

"They often try to avoid wasting anything, which can end up making their homes look like a shack or a rust-bucket on wheels, but those homes and vehicles are usually incredibly functional and they can explain every square inch and detail of them. They tend to have a deep understanding of how almost everything works that they own, but they’ll eschew a lot of things that people in America usually take for granted, like internet or some utilities."

I'd have to put my family in the yellow group, which doesn't make me terribly proud. I'd rather be green, or even blue, but I think it's hard with young children. (Not that I'm trying to make excuses -- there definitely are places where we could tighten things up significantly.)

I liked one point Hamm made, that one's place on the spectrum is not static or permanent; we will sit at different points throughout our lives, according to our circumstances. This reassures me somewhat; for example, once my youngest kid is in school, I won't have to pay for childcare anymore. As our kids grow older, we'll be able to travel off the beaten track more easily. (Camping with diapers is not fun.)

Having a spectrum makes it easier to set goals, too. Every percentage point increase in savings moves one closer to a more desirable category. Where do you fall along this spectrum, and where would you like to be?

10 practical tips from my year of spending nothing

1. Check your spending

You can’t cut your spending unless you know where your money is going. Before I started my challenge I reviewed a year’s worth of spending and was shocked to discover I had shelled out £400 on coffee alone.

As someone who isn’t even that bothered about the roast of beans or frothiness of a cappuccino, that was a huge amount. How had I spent that much? The short answer is all those small amounts add up without us realising.

I know if someone gave me £400 in cash, I definitely wouldn’t spend it on coffee, and my flask means I never have to spend money on takeaway coffee again!

2. Needs versus wants

We’re all guilty of telling ourselves we really ‘need’ that new pair of shoes/gadget/whatever it is that we like to spend money on. But do we really need it or do we just want it?

The line between needs and wants has become blurred in our consumer-focused world of seemingly endless credit. It is very easy to talk yourself into buying an item that you don’t really need.

Before you open up your wallet or hand over your card, think about whether what you are buying is something you really need, if it’s not then ask yourself why you’re buying it. This is particularly important if you’re getting into debt to make a purchase.

3. Set a goal

Don’t try and rein in your spending with the vague aim of ‘saving’ or you’ll soon lose focus. What you need is a longer-term goal to work towards.

My goal was, and still is, overpaying my mortgage because I don’t want to be beholden to the bank for 25 years, but yours could be building up an emergency fund, paying to re-train for a new career, or treating the kids to a holiday of a lifetime.

4. Pay yourself first

Once you’ve set your goal, make it a priority. Work out how much you can save and set up a direct debit into a savings account that isn’t easily accessible.

This payment should go out with your direct debits for rent, utilities and all those things you have to pay for each month. By including a payment into savings as part of your essential bills, you are acknowledging that your goal is important.

Paying your future-self first means you can then see how much money you have to spend guilt-free each month and can budget accordingly. I like to use a basic, and free, spending app on my phone from the Citizens Advice Bureau called ‘Budget Tracker – CAB’ to ensure I stay within my budget.

5. Get organised

If there is one thing that the no spend year taught me it’s the value of being organised. If I forgot to bring my lunch into work there was no opportunity to pop into the supermarket for something to eat, so I had to stay on top of my schedule at all times.

Similarly, if I wanted to socialise I had to spend time searching for free events and organising my friends to attend, and making sure I had enough time to cycle there.

The website Eventbrite became my best friend throughout the year as it details loads of free events across the country.

The trade-off for saving cash is often spending time, whether that’s planning and making your meals, remembering to take a flask instead of buying takeout coffee or searching for free events. I think it’s a trade-off worth making.

6. Pay cash

It’s a simple tip, but it works wonders for making you think about what you’re spending. The use of cards, and in particular contactless spending, detaches us from the idea that we’re handing over our hard-earned cash.

Food shopping is one area where lots of people overspend and I was guilty of this too, but I now take out a set amount in cash for food shopping each week and hit the shops with a calculator to track what I’m spending. By leaving the cards at home, I only buy what I need because I don’t have the money for anything more.

7. Get others on board

I couldn’t have got through my no spend year without my husband, family and friends getting on board. Although it was tough at first as I and they tried to come to terms with socialising without spending, by the end they were coming to me with free events to attend.

8. Don’t get sucked into ‘deals’

Strangely, not having any budget to spend made me aware of the number of so-called deals that we are presented with. Whether that is emails telling us about sales, TV advertising telling us to grab a bargain, or two-for-one offers in supermarkets, everywhere you look you are being offered a discount.

Except are we? It is only really a deal if you actually need the item in the first place and would have bought it full price. If not, you are spending money on an item that you probably don’t need and wouldn’t have bought at full price.

9. Look to the past

I took inspiration from my grandparents during the challenge and returned to the discipline of old-fashioned housekeeping and in doing so reduced my grocery bill to just £31.60 on average a week to cover three meals a day for both me and my husband, basic toiletries, such as soap and toothpaste, and essential household goods like washing powder.

I didn’t do anything revolutionary – I was just very organised. I did weekly stock takes of the cupboards and freezer to see what I already had, planned meals for the week ahead, wrote precise shopping lists (and stuck to them), shopped in multiple shops for the best prices and batch-cooked vegetarian meals weekly.

This ensured we never went hungry, never ran out of loo roll, and kept the food spending to a minimum. Yes, it took time to do but once you get into a routine it becomes less of a chore (and I now have an encyclopaedic knowledge of prices in my local Lidl).

Although the meal plans could get a bit boring as we ate the same lunch for a week solid (usually a veggie chilli, spaghetti Bolognese or curry), I actually ate far better than I had previously. Processed foods and chocolate treats were replaced with plenty of vegetables and lentils, and I actually lost a stone [14 pounds] unintentionally over the year.

10. Get out of your comfort zone

When it came to spending, I was stuck in a rut of trips to the pub, meeting my friends in restaurants and buying stuff because I was bored. With no budget for socialising or anything else, I had to find a new way to live and live happily.

I spent more time outdoors riding my bike, walking and wild swimming, and even managed to go on holiday with my husband. We strapped our tent and sleeping bags to our bikes and cycled from London to Suffolk and up the coast to Norfolk.

I would never have even considered doing those things before, but you have to embrace the new and sometimes unusual, and be willing to be more adventurous if you want to live a frugal life and have some fun.

The top 10 money bloggers' guide to making and saving money in 2017 For great money-making and money-saving ideas, take inspiration from the UK’s top money bloggers. If they can do it, then so can you…

18 ways to be better off in 2018 Many of us will be resolving to get into better shape in 2018. But that shouldn’t only be a physical resolution: there are plenty of things we can all do to ensure our finances are in a healthier state too.

1. Move your debt

Are you sitting on credit card debt? If so, you certainly aren’t the only one - figures from The Money Charity reveal that in September 2017, the total credit card debt in the UK stood at a whopping £69.4 billion. That’s the equivalent of more than £2,500 per household.

If that debt is on an interest-charging credit card, then paying it off will cost you even more as a chunk of your monthly repayments will go towards the interest, rather than reducing the debt. But move it to a 0% balance transfer credit card and you can pay it off in manageable chunks, without paying a penny in interest.

Currently, you can enjoy 38 months of 0% interest from a trio of cards, from Barclaycard, Tesco, and Virgin Money, though you will have to pay a transfer fee ranging from 1.4% to 2.69% of the balance transferred.

See the best balance transfer and 0% purchase cards []:

1. MBNA Platinum Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 36 months with 2.49% transfer fee, representative 19.9% APR variable

This card offers 36 months interest-free balance transfers, with a 2.49% fee.

2. Nuba Transfer Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 36 months with 2.5% transfer fee, representative 19.9% APR variable

This card from Nuba also has a 36-month balance transfer period, but with a higher 2.5% transfer fee.

3. Tesco Bank Clubcard Balance Transfer Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 36 months with a 2.69% transfer fee, representative 18.9% APR variable

Tesco Bank also offers 36 months of interest free balance transfers, subject to a 2.69% transfer fee.

Fee-free balance transfer credit cards

1. Sainsbury's Bank Nectar No Balance Transfer Fee Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 28 months with no transfer fee, representative 18.9% APR variable

Sainsbury's Bank offers a competitive 28 months with no transfer fee and no monthly account fee.

2. Santander Everyday Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 27 months with no transfer fee, representative 18.9% APR variable

Another Santander card features in our top picks. This has a 27-month balance transfer period and, unlike the card listed above, charges no monthly account fee.

3. Halifax Balance Transfer Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 26 months with no transfer fee, representative 19.9% APR variable

If you don't want to pay any transfer fee then this card has a 0% balance transfer for 26 months and no transfer fee.

4. Santander All In One Credit Card

0% balance transfer for 30 months with no transfer fee but £3 monthly account fee, representative 21.7% APR variable

This account offers 30 months interest free on both balance transfers and new spending, meaning it is a good all-rounder if you're only able to have one card. However, it charges a £3 monthly fee, meaning others could be a better bet.

Longest 0% interest purchase credit cards

If you are going to spend large amounts, find a credit card offering 0% on purchases - ideally one with a long interest-free period that charges a reasonable interest rate after the introductory deal.

1. Sainsbury’s Bank Nectar Purchase Credit Card

0% on spending for 31 months plus up to £50 in Sainsbury's vouchers, representative 18.9% APR variable

This offers a 31-month interest free period, with three months 0% interest for balance transfers (subject to a 3% fee). You’ll also earn Nectar points as you spend in Sainsbury’s, and elsewhere.

New customers opening an account before 25 March 2018 will also earn 1,000 bonus Nectar points - worth £5 - each time you spend £40 or more on Sainsbury’s shopping on the card. You can do this up to 10 times in the first two months after account opening, meaning a potential reward of £50.

Tesco Bank Clubcard Credit Card (Money Transfer)

0% money transfer for 36 months with 3.94% transfer fee, representative 19.9% APR variable

If you're looking for the longest 0% interest period, then you will have to pay a higher transfer fee. Tesco Bank offers a 36-month transfer period but is subject to a 3.94% fee.

Virgin Money Balance Transfer Credit Card

0% money transfer for 20 months with 2.5% transfer fee, representative 18.9% APR variable

For a good all-rounder consider Virgin Money's credit card, this card offers a 20-month transfer period with a low 2.5% fee.

Balance Transfer Credit Cards

The Amex EveryDay® Credit Card from American Express

Balance Transfer Fee
$0 balance transfer fee.

Intro Balance Transfer APR
0% for 15 Months

Intro Purchase APR
0% for 15 Months

Low intro APR: 0% for 15 months on purchases and balance transfers, then a variable rate, currently 14.24% to 25.24%.

$0 balance transfer fee. Balance transfers must be requested within 60 days from account opening.

No annual fee.

BankAmericard® Credit Card

Intro Balance Transfer APR--0% Intro APR for 15 billing cycles for balance transfers made in the first 60 days

Balance Transfer Fee--$0 Intro balance transfer fee for the first 60 days your account is open. After that, the fee for future balance transfers is 3% (min. $10)

Regular APR--13.24% - 23.24% Variable APR on purchases and balance transfers

Citi® Double Cash Card – 18 month BT offer

Intro APR--0%* for 18 months on Balance Transfers*

Rewards Rate--Earn 1% on Purchases & 1% on Payments

Regular Purchase APR--14.74% - 24.74%* (Variable)

One of the main reasons that people shop for a new credit card is in order to find banks that offer special 0% balance transfer credit cards for the longest period of time and with low transfer fees. In recent years consumers have started to use credit cards more wisely than they did before the big credit crisis. Now they tend to shift high-interest card balances to cards that offer a lower APR, because in doing so they are able to gain immediate and substantial savings.


3. Move your bank account

A host of banks pay a welcome bonus to new customers, though you will generally need to be a customer for a few months before you receive the payment. However, if you switch now, then that bonus will still arrive in your account in the first quarter of 2017.

6. Sign up to a cashback website

11. Track down old bank accounts

Cashback Websites

Top Cashback up to 10% back at TopCashback.

Cashback Tips for Success:

Not Logged In – Make sure you are logged into the cashback site before you shop.

Visited Another Site First – Do NOT click on another cashback or coupon site before going to the cashback site you intend to use.

Didn’t Complete Purchase in 1 Session – If you don’t add items to your online shopping cart (and make the purchase) in one shopping session, your order won’t track.

Used Invalid Payment Method – Don’t pay with gift cards or reward points as they are NOT eligible for cashback.

Browser Cookies Not Enabled – Make sure you enable cookies on your browser before you use ANY cashback site. Here are the instructions [Chrome: At the top right, click More Moreand then Settings. At the bottom, click Advanced. Under "Privacy and security," click Content settings. Click Cookies. From here, you can: Turn on cookies: Next to "Blocked," turn on the switch.

Returned Items – Keep in mind that you won’t earn cashback on items you return.


Number of Merchants: 3,500+

Top Merchants: Amazon (up to 10% back), Groupon (up to 10% back), Walmart (up to 6% back), Lowe’s (6% back), Gap brands (8% back), (8% back), American Eagle (6% back), and (5% back).

Payout Methods: PayPal, Direct Deposit, Amazon Gift Cards (with a 3% bonus added) and AmEx Gift Cards (with a 3% to 5% bonus).

Double Cashback Days: Several times per month they offer double cashback days at a bunch of different retailers. Visit their Double Cashback Hub to be kept in the know.

How does TopCashback work: Once you sign-up for free, you simply start all of your shopping at their website, or via their mobile app, and they’ll take care of the rest. Make a purchase and your account will get credited with a cashback percentage automatically. Money will be credited to your account within 7 days and they’ll send you an email to confirm.

Why TopCashback is awesome: TopCashback offers the highest cashback rates in the country, higher than Ebates pretty much across the board. They do this by passing on 100% of their affiliate commissions to their members. Also, they don’t have a minimum required on withdrawals and you can take money out whenever you want. Once your cashback hits the pending status, you’re free to withdraw any amount.

TopCashback Hacks:

Important: Be sure to authenticate your account by clicking the link in the initial Welcome Email to guarantee you get your cash back.

Double dip your savings by purchasing discounted gift cards. Buy your discounted gift cards for 100’s of top stores using, and TopCashback will give you 2% cashback on your $20+ gift card purchase. Then use your gift card when shopping via TopCashback and get even more money back.

Always consider an American Express Reward Card or Amazon gift card as your pay-out option and get an extra 3% back. This is because both AmEx and Amazon pay a 3% commission on gift card purchases and TopCashback passes that savings along to you. Think of it like your employer matching your 401k contribution…love it.

Know how their “Highest Cash Back Guarantee” works. You have 7 days after your purchase to file a claim if you find a higher cashback rate on another site. But…be aware that you must prove the rate was higher on another cashback site on the same day as your purchase. So, you’re probably better off not waiting to file a claim, do it on the day of your purchase to avoid the headache. When verifying your claim, the only competing cashback sites that they’ll consider are BeFrugal, Ebates, Extrabux, Fat Wallet (doesn’t have a program anymore), Mr. Rebates, and ShopAtHome.

Final thoughts: I love the fact that TopCashback passes all of their affiliate commissions on to their users. This is clearly the feature that makes them stand out from the competition. This begs the question, how the heck do they make any money? I was told by a PR rep for the company that they earn money through advertising on their site as well as charging retailers to be featured “above the fold”. Pretty cool business model.

Be Frugal Claims to be #1 site for cashback and coupons. Earn up to 40% Cash Back at 5000+ top stores.

Number of Merchants: 5,000+

Top Merchants: Walmart (4% back), Sam’s Club (3% back), Rite-Aid (4% back), Dell (6% back), Shutterfly (7% back), Eddie Bauer (5.3% back), Under Armour (8% back), American Eagle (5% back), Macy’s (6% back), and (6% back).

Payout Methods: Check, PayPal, or gift card.

Sign-Up Bonus: $10 Bonus just for signing-up. Bonus is payable when you earn $10 or more in cashback and verify your BeFrugal account via email.

How does BeFrugal work: Do all of your shopping via BeFrugal and get money back. Since BeFrugal guarantees the highest cashback rates, I’m guessing they work similar to TopCashback and give 100% of their affiliate commissions to their users. They’ll then charge retailer a premium fee to have featured placement on their website, mobile apps, and newsletters.

Why BeFrugal is awesome: Walmart shoppers will want to use BeFrugal exclusively as they offer the highest percentage (4%) of any cashback website. Also, the fact they guarantee the highest cashback rate makes them awesome right out-of-the-box. But it gets better. Not only will BeFrugal match the cashback rate from a competitor, but they’ll “match 125% of the higher Cash Back rate.” They also guarantee that all of the coupons they post will work.

How BeFrugal could be better: Hmmm, with the guaranteed highest cash back rates and coupons, they’re doing a lot of things right. If I had to nitpick, I’d say they could get rid of the large ads they post at the top of every page. Although I’m guessing they use that ad revenue to make their profits as they give away all of their affiliate commissions to their users. So I think we can live with those ads. UPDATE 8/26/16: I was just told by a company rep that the large banner ad is going away next month.

BeFrugal Hacks:

If you find an online coupon on BeFrugal that doesn’t work, tell them about it (within 24 hours) and get $5 added to your account.

Be sure to score an additional 3% cashback by redeeming your earnings via an Amazon gift card.

Worried about mobile security? Turn on text verification via your mobile phone for additional security. BeFrugal offers unique text verification as an additional method to secure your account against unauthorized use.

When/if you find a higher cashback rate elsewhere, you need to do the following to get their 125% cashback guarantee:

1. Login to your BeFrugal account.

2. Make the purchase.

3. Within 24 hours of purchase you need to submit your receipt, store name, the higher rate offered, and a link to that rate (All done via your BeFrugal account).

4. Once verified, they will automatically award you 125% of the higher cashback rate

Final thoughts: While BeFrugal doesn’t get the same publicity as the Ebates or SwagBucks of the world, they offer a strong service with high cashback rates along with a generous $10 bonus for new members. Plus, I love their tagline, “We are a bunch of cheap, thrifty, penny pinchers who believe that a dollar saved is two dollars earned.” Amen.

Notes are from this site


Why you shouldn't buy a new car ... ever

10 Cars with the Most Front Legroom for Taller Drivers
Kia K900 — 45.9 inches.
Chevrolet Impala — 45.8 inches.
Cadillac XTS — 42.3 inches.
Hyundai Genesis — 45.7 inches.
Hyundai Sonata — 45.5 inches.
Kia Optima — 45.5 inches.
Lexus RC —45.4 inches.
Hyundai Equus — 45.1 inches.


10 Top Picks of 2018: Best Cars of the Year

Consumer Reports 2018 Least Reliable Cars video

2018 Best and Worst Fuel Economy Vehicles

25 Cars With the Best Gas Mileage in 2018


Expiration Dates

Expiration Cheat Sheet Date for Everything! To make the easiest distinctions between the several types of expiration we must look at the effect they have on the product or the producer. There are different goals when it comes to managing the three distinct types of expiration.

Retail Expiration

To understand this type of expiration you must first understand what goes into creating a product like an Oreo cookie, for example. A product like this is tested and manipulated by food scientists until the product is as near to perfection as possible. Once the size, texture and flavor are mastered, batches are run and packaged.

Nabisco offers a best by date or expiration date for retailers so that these cookies will taste just like they should. They must taste just the same no matter where you buy the package of Oreos. Most retail expiration dates are based on quality and consistency of product.

Of course, there is a little bit of turnover involved these retail expirations. Once things are expired the likelihood that customers will buy them goes away or decreases exponentially. Therefore, retailers are left with nothing to do but purchase or inventory.

These retail expiration dates are stamped on the product.

Safety Expiration

All foods reach a point where the actual safety of the food comes into question. We do not see this type of an expiration date on the product itself. These are extended dates beyond that which is stamped on the can or package.

These are guidelines that are approved by national food safety governing bodies and are employed by food banks all over the nation. Food banks can be sued so these are legitimate guidelines to use. Most of our expiration will be based on these food safety expiration dates.

Beyond Expiration

You can go even further beyond the safety expiration dates. This is taking matters into your own hands. When you go far beyond safety expiration dates there are several things you can look for to discern the potential for spoilage in that product.

Condition of Package (damaged cans, packaging lead to quicker spoilage)

Understanding Canned Goods

The process of canning foods in tin or aluminum cans uses a vacuum seal and a protective layer that keeps the food from direct metal contact. The vacuum seal removes oxygen which is necessary for bacterial growth. If the vacuum seal or the protective layer is compromised the product inside the can will be in jeopardy.

High Acidity Canned Foods – 18 months after printed retail expiration date

Canned Fruit
Canned Tomatoes
Tomato Based Soups or Sauces
Canned Fruit Juices
Canned Pasta

Low Acidity – 5 years after printed retail expiration date

Canned Meats
Canned Beans
Canned Vegetables

Boxed Dry – 1 year after retail expiration

Rice Mixes
Mac and Cheese

Bagged Grains and Beans – Indefinite but inspect before cooking and rinse

Cold premade foods

Premade foods will only last 3 days after they expire. In most disaster scenarios refrigeration will be compromised. If that’s the case these foods can only last 4 hours without proper temperature control.

Dairy – Most dairy can last between 7 and 14 days after the retail expiration

Yogurt 14 days
Buttermilk 14 days
Cottage Cheese 14 days
Milk – 7 days
Chocolate, Strawberry, Vanilla – 7 days
Aseptic Packaged Milk (shelf stable) – 3 months past best buy date
Hard Block Cheeses – 6 months

Frozen Meats – 1 year after initial freezing


the efficacy of medicines comes in to question after expiration. They will work but the dosing information will not be accurate. Overdose is possible if you are not careful. Read our article on meds and expiration for a deeper dive into this topics.

Health and Beauty

Bug Spray – 2 years
Sun Screen – 3 years
Tooth Brush – 3 months
Lip Balm – 5 years
Peroxide – 6 months


Bleach – 3 months efficacy will be affected for purifying water
Laundry Detergent – 6 months
Dish Soap – 1 year
Baking Soda – Indefinite
Vinegar – Indefinite


Tire – 10 years
Air Bags – 10 years
Childs Car Seat – 6 years
Break Oil – 3 years
Motor Oil – Indefinite


Smoke Alarms – 10 years
Batteries – 7 years until these batteries fail you or offer much less power than you expect.
Fire Extinguisher – 3 years
Surge Protector – 2 years
Paint – 10 years

Long Term Food Storage

While many companies purport that their food would will last for 25- 30 years, what most companies neglect to inform you of are ideal storage temperatures. To get that long shelf life you want to store the food at 55 degrees. I don’t know many people who are storing food at 55 degrees.

The Truth About Expiration in Survival

These expiration dates are a powerful tool to help you manage your emergency food storage and other resources kept on hand in case of disaster. These guidelines are time tested by food pantries all over the country. When things are going well and haven’t reached a point of desperation I think these safety guidelines work well.

However, in survival there will likely come a time when resources run out and you are forced to eat foods that are far beyond the best buy dates or even the food safety expiration dates. You may come across foods that do not have dates or the dates have been rubbed off. If you are starving this will affect your decision to eat or not eat these foods.

When the condition of a food item comes into question. Be sure that you let the packaging tell you the story. The sturdier the package the better chance you have that the food inside is safe.

Vacuum Sealing Could Be Hazardous to Your Health

Boric Acid

Boric Acid Wikipedia Boric acid, also called hydrogen borate, boracic acid, orthoboric acid and acidum boricum, is a weak, monobasic Lewis acid of boron, which is often used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, neutron absorber, or precursor to other chemical compounds. It has the chemical formula H3BO3 (sometimes written B(OH)3), and exists in the form of colorless crystals or a white powder that dissolves in water. When occurring as a mineral, it is called sassolite.

Based on mammalian median lethal dose (LD50) rating of 2,660 mg/kg body mass, boric acid is only poisonous if taken internally or inhaled in large quantities.

Boric acid was first registered in the US as an insecticide in 1948 for control of cockroaches, termites, fire ants, fleas, silverfish, and many other insects. The product is generally considered to be safe to use in household kitchens to control cockroaches and ants. It acts as a stomach poison affecting the insects' metabolism, and the dry powder is abrasive to the insects' exoskeletons. Boric acid also has the reputation as "the gift that keeps on killing" in that roaches that cross over lightly dusted areas do not die immediately, but that the effect is like shards of glass cutting them apart. This often allows a roach to go back to the nest where it soon dies. Cockroaches, being cannibalistic, eat others killed by contact or consumption of boric acid, consuming the powder trapped in the dead roach and killing them, too.

In combination with its use as an insecticide, boric acid also prevents and destroys existing wet and dry rot in timbers. It can be used in combination with an ethylene glycol carrier to treat external wood against fungal and insect attack.

Boric acid is used to treat or prevent boron deficiencies in plants.

Boron deficiency is a common deficiency of the micronutrient boron in plants. It is the most widespread micronutrient deficiency around the world and causes large losses in crop production and crop quality.[1] Boron deficiency affects vegetative and reproductive growth of plants, resulting in inhibition of cell expansion, death of meristem, and reduced fertility.

Plants contain boron both in a water-soluble and insoluble form. In intact plants, the amount of water-soluble boron fluctuates with the amount of boron supplied, while insoluble boron does not. The appearance of boron deficiency coincides with the decrease of water-insoluble boron. It appears that the insoluble boron is the functional form while the soluble boron represents the surplus.

Boron is essential for the growth of higher plants. The primary function of the element is to provide structural integrity to the cell wall in plants. Other functions likely include the maintenance of the plasma membrane and other metabolic pathways


Apple- interacting with calcium, may display as "water core", internal areas appearing frozen
Beetroot- rough, cankered patches on roots, internal brown rot.
Cabbage- distorted leaves, hollow areas in stems.
Cauliflower- poor development of curds, and brown patches. Stems, leafstalks and midribs roughened.
Celery- leaf stalks develop cracks on the upper surface, inner tissue is reddish brown.
Celeriac- causes brown heart rot
Pears- new shoots die back in spring, fruits develop hard brown flecks in the skin.
Strawberries- Stunted growth, foliage small, yellow and puckered at tips. Fruits are small and pale.
Swede (rutabaga) and turnip- brown or gray concentric rings develop inside the roots.
Arecaceae (Palm Tree) - brown spots on fronds & lower productivity.

Baking Soda

45 Things To Do With Baking Soda Oftentimes, the simplest things in life can be the most powerful. One example of this is baking soda. We don’t think much of that little box that sits in the pantry, but the stuff inside is potent and very versatile.

Baking soda is scientifically known as sodium bicarbonate. In nature, it is found as the mineral nahcolite, which exists in its pure form in the Green River Basin in Colorado.The main benefit of baking soda is that it neutralizes pH and helps keep things from becoming overly alkaline or overly acidic. This makes it great for a wide array of applications.

The following are 45 things you can do with baking soda… 45 of the many! Whenever you can, go with aluminum-free baking soda, especially when taking it internally.


2. Revolutionize YOUR LAUNDRY. Add half a cup of baking soda to each load of laundry, along with a natural detergent, to enjoy the cleanest clothing and sheets ever.

3. Make a multipurpose FLOOR CLEANER. Mix half a cup of baking soda into a bucket of warm water, and use the mixture to mop your floors. You can also remove scuff marks from tile and laminate floors by putting a bit of baking soda on a damp sponge and gently scrubbing. Rinse floors by mopping with pure water when you’re done.

4. PUT OUT A SMALL FIRE. When you’re cooking, keep a box of baking soda close at hand. If a small fire erupts, get to a safe distance, and throw cups full of baking soda near the base of the fire. Of course, if the fire is too large or gets out of control, leave the house and call the fire department.

5. CLEAN THE BATHROOMS. There’s no need for harsh tub and toilet bowl cleaners when you have baking soda. Mix baking soda, coarsely ground salt and natural liquid dish soap into a paste. Apply to tubs, sinks and toilets, let it sit a while, and scrub before rinsing.

6. CLEAN YOUR DISHWASHER. To keep your dishwasher clean and smelling fresh, run a load of baking soda through it from time to time.

7. Keep your kitchen free of that GARBAGE SCENT. Simply pour about a quarter of a cup of baking soda into the bottom of your garbage can to keep those smells from taking over.

8. Get cloth diapers extra clean.

9. Keep GERMS OFF OF YOUR SPONGES. Soak sponges and cleaning rags in a mixture of about one quart of water and three to five tablespoons of baking soda for a couple of hours to get them nice and clean.

10. DEODORIZE CARPETS. Sprinkle some baking soda onto your carpets and rugs before vacuuming to get rid of funky smells.

11. DEODORIZE PET AREAS. You can sprinkle baking soda in the bottom of litter boxes, underneath the litter, to keep the smell from getting too nasty. You can also deodorize pet beds and areas by sprinkling a bit of baking soda onto them before vacuuming.

12. Clean up GREASE STAINS. If you have a grease stain on cement floors or your driveway, pour baking soda over the top before scrubbing. The baking soda will help soak up the grease.

13. DEODORIZE YOURSELF. Instead of deodorant, rub a little bit of baking soda under your arms. Don’t use too much, to avoid powder on your shirt. Alternately, mix a sprinkle of baking soda with a little bit of coconut oil, and rub under your arms. This should keep you smelling fresh all day.

14. Amplify your shampoo. When you squeeze your favorite natural shampoo into your palm, add about half a teaspoon of baking soda to the mix. This will help remove residue and leave your hair feeling ultra-clean.

15. DEGREASE YOUR HAIR between shampoos. No time to shower? Sprinkle a bit of baking soda into your hand and work through your hair, being careful not to get too much on your scalp. This will absorb oil and moisture, and keep your hair looking cleaner until your next shampoo.

16. REPLACE YOUR MOUTHWASH. Mix a teaspoon of baking soda into a cup of water, and use as a mouthwash to neutralize odors.

17. WHITEN TEETH. Make a paste using baking soda and water, and use it to brush your teeth. Afterwards, brush with a natural toothpaste, and rinse well. Note: Don’t do this for more than a week, and wait a few months between treatments, so that you don’t wear down your tooth enamel.

18. CLEAN YOUR BRUSHES AND COMBS. This includes toothbrushes, hair combs and hair brushes. Simply soak overnight in a mixture of half baking soda, half water, and rinse thoroughly in the morning.

19. Remove FINGERNAIL STAINS. Mix equal parts baking soda and peroxide in a small bowl, and gently scrub your nails with the mixture using an old toothbrush. Rinse thoroughly. Over time, this should remove staining.

20. Soothe INSECT BITES. Mix baking soda and water to make a paste, and apply to insect bites to reduce the itching and irritation.

21. Pack in a camping backpack. A baking soda and water paste can also help to SOOTHE THE STING OF POISON IVY, so make sure you bring a box next time you go camping or hiking.

22. GET RID OF A SPLINTER. Soak the affected area in a bowl of water with one tablespoon of baking soda. Doing this for a few days, twice a day, will help the splinter to naturally come out on its own, according to Dr. Axe.

23. EXFOLIATE YOUR SKIN. Who needs expensive scrubs? Mix a bit of baking soda and water in your palms, and gently scrub your face using a circular motion. Rinse thoroughly. You can also put baking soda on a washcloth in the shower to exfoliate your entire body before you soap up.

24. Diffuse an ACNE FLARE UP. Make a paste of baking soda and water and apply a bit directly to acne. This will help reduce redness and may help it to clear up faster, because the baking soda aids in drawing out bacteria and dirt.

25. REDUCE BLOATING AFTER MEALS. Combine half a cup of water, the juice of one fresh lemon and one teaspoon of baking soda in a cup. Stir, wait for fizz to subside a little and drink after a big meal to help relieve bloating and gas.

26. RELIEVE ACID REFLUX. To help soothe the burn of acid reflux, add a quarter teaspoon of baking soda and two tablespoons of raw, organic apple cider vinegar into a glass of water and drink after meals.

27. Tone down GOUT PAIN. To help neutralize uric acid buildup, combine two tablespoons of freshly-squeezed lemon juice and a teaspoon of baking soda, and drink.

28. Make a great FOOT SOAK. Relieve swollen, aching feet by mixing three or four teaspoons of baking soda into a tub of warm water. Soak and relax!

29. SOFTEN YOUR HANDS. Add a teaspoon or two of baking soda to a container of natural liquid hand soap, and use occasionally to exfoliate and soften the skin on your hands.

30. Take a luxurious bath. If your skin is feeling particularly oily, or if you’ve been exercising heavily, add about half a cup of baking soda to a warm bath, along with a few drops of your favorite essential oils, and soak. The baking soda will take care of that oil and sweat.

31. SCRUB POTS AND PANS. Add a sprinkle of baking soda to a damp sponge before scrubbing your pots and pans. It will help remove any char that may have accumulated, and get your cookware extra clean.

32. Banish DRAIN ODORS. Got smelly drains? Baking soda to the rescue. Pour about half a cup of baking soda down the drain while water is running, or add some while you run your garbage disposal. Problem solved!

33. Polish the silver.

34. Get scuff marks off of walls. Sprinkle some baking soda onto a clean, damp rag, and you’ll be able to get most anything off of your walls with a bit of elbow grease. Wipe the wall with a clean cloth or sponge when you are finished.

35. Get the dirt off of produce. When washing your fruits and vegetables, sprinkle a bit of baking soda onto a clean, wet washcloth, rub gently, then rinse thoroughly.

36. KEEP ANTS OUT OF YOUR HOME. Sprinkle a bit of baking soda along the doors of your home, and any crevices that may be letting in ants. This helps to keep these critters at bay. Baking soda can help to REPEL COCKROACHES, as well.

37. Polish your faucets. Add some baking soda to a damp sponge and use to polish your bathroom and kitchen faucets. Buff dry with a washcloth or clean rag, and enjoy the shine.

38. CLEAN YOUR MICROWAVE. To get the grease and grime out of your microwave, simply wipe it down, inside and out, with a damp cloth sprinkled with baking soda.

39. CLEAN YOUR COFFEE MAKER. Add a teaspoon of baking soda to a full pot of water, and run through your coffee maker to clean it. Follow up with a full pot of pure water to rinse.

40. Get the smell out of your mugs. Do you have coffee mugs or teacups that have built up a bit of an odor from repeated use? Mix a quarter cup of baking soda with about a quart of warm water, and pour into affected cups and mugs. Soak overnight before washing and the smell should be gone.

41. Melt driveway ice. Out of road salt? Sprinkle some baking soda on your doorstep or walkway to melt the slippery stuff.

42. Clean your car. Instead of the wide array of chemical-laden car cleaning products, you can clean your car with baking soda instead. Mix about a quarter cup into about a quart of warm water, dip in a cleaning rag, and use to CLEAN THE INTERIOR OF YOUR CAR.

43. REV UP YOUR METABOLISM. Add half a teaspoon of baking soda to a daily cup of organic green tea to help keep your body alkaline and encourage your body’s fat-burning processes.

44. Make a great PRE-WORKOUT DRINK. Heat seven cups of coconut water in a pot over low heat. Dissolve 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda into the coconut water. Add 1/2 teaspoon natural sea salt, 1/2 cup fresh lemon juice, and 1/4 cup raw honey. Pour into a large jar and shake well. Drink before a workout to give you energy and help keep lactic acid at bay. You can store this mixture for a week in the fridge.

45. Recover AFTER A WORKOUT. For a twist on the above-listed workout drink, simply mix together 4 cups of water, 1/2 teaspoon baking soda, 1 teaspoon of sea salt, and 1 tablespoon of fresh lime or lemon juice. This beverage can help to fight fatigue and help you recover faster.

Indoor Air

How Climate Change Is Ruining Our Indoor Air It would take an unreasonable amount of plants to balance rising CO2 levels being found at home, school, and work

What’s the most important number in the world? Bill McKibben thinks it’s 350. The environmental activist co-founded, a climate advocacy group, as a way to popularize the finding of a 2008 paper: CO2 in the atmosphere will need to be reduced to at most 350 parts per million “if humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed…” We were at around 280 ppm before we began to burn coal, oil, and gas en masse. This April, we reached 410 ppm.

Yet it is a little appreciated fact that many of us at home, school, and work breathe air containing CO2 concentrations of 1,000 ppm every day. It’s because the air we exhale holds around a hundred times more CO2?—?about 40,000 ppm?—?than the air we inhale.

Badly ventilated classrooms and overcrowded conference rooms can reach 2,000 ppm, well above the point when air starts to feel “stuffy,” at 600 ppm. Concentrations above that can cause classic symptoms of CO2 poisoning: labored breathing, headaches, rapid pulse rate, hearing loss, hyperventilation, sweating, and fatigue.

Scientists like William Fisk, who studies the relationship between human health and performance and indoor-air quality at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, worry that long-term exposures to these conditions could be toxic. Even at lower levels, the effect appears to still be strong enough to influence whether kids make it to school.

They found that seven of nine cognitive function domains tested in a strategic management simulation decreased as CO2 increased. Employee scores were 15 percent lower in a day spent working at 945 ppm, and 50 percent lower at 1,400 ppm, relative to working under green conditions with elevated ventilation rates. The researchers concluded, “These exposures should be investigated in other indoor environments, such as homes, schools, and airplanes, where decrements in cognitive function and decision making could have significant impacts on productivity, learning, and safety.”

Bamboo Charcoal

Simple Trick That Kills Odors, Mold, Allergens. NatureFresh Air Purifier comes in a bag. Bamboo charcoal. 90 day guarantee

Smart Meters

Smart Utility Meters Josh at GreenMedInfo

At a time when divisive political battles rage on, some things closer to home perhaps deserve more attention. The concept of looking higher than the mainstream narrative is something that GreenMedInfo readers are well accustomed to, so I will dive right in.

One such close-to-home focus is that of 'smart' utility meters, a highly-invasive technology that is positioned to be integrated with big telecom's 5G plans. The innocuous-sounding 'smart' meter has been shown to facilitate in-home surveillance, health risks, unjust billing increases, thousands of house fires, and hacking vulnerability.

While utility metering doesn't sound sexy, when you watch Take Back Your Power 2017, you'll see the critical nature of the 'smart' meter situation and story. But the ending remains unwritten, since there are new, effective solutions people are using to fight back to protect their families.

The profitability of spying on your home and family is such that a NARUC director has admitted that the value of the data harvested by the meters without your consent – data of what you do in your own home – will be "worth a lot more than the commodity [electricity] that's being consumed to generate the data."

This is being undertaken by global elitists under the guise of climate action, though the meters do nothing to reduce energy consumption or help the environment. Hundreds of local governments have issued moratoriums or bans, and well over a million energy customers in North America have written their utility to decline a 'smart' meter on their homes. As a response, pioneers at InPower Movement have initiated a mass action of liability, with positive initial results.

Here's what you need to know

Back in 2008, President Barack Obama's first major move after his election was asking for $100B to fund a 'smart' grid. That program incentivized utilities – with grants up to $200m each – to install the new digitized wireless meters – for electricity, water and gas. Utilities only received these funds if they complied with the agenda.

Approximately 60-65% of Americans now have 'smart' utility meters. As this is part of widespread plan intended to reap billions of dollars and further centralize control, other nations and utilities have followed suit.

So, what's the big deal about 'smart' meters? Our grid needed an upgrade, right? The film you're about to watch documents 5 major problems with 'smart' meters:

In-home spying. The 'smart' meters are designed to function as a "collector hub" for any devices or 'smart' appliances emitting wireless signals in your home. They transmit this data to the next house, which eventually transmits back to the utility (or whomever intercepts the data). Knowing what you are doing in your home is an entirely new way to increase profit and control; and this is all being done without your consent or knowledge. This is against the law, but according to a judge in Illinois, legally we are deemed to have accepted these terms of service, because we have signed up for electrical service. Apparently, it's just business.

Health risks. 'Smart' meters emit pulsed microwave radiation typically every few seconds, and as much as 190,000 times per day. The strength of each microsecond-pulse is at least hundreds of times higher than the radiation emitted by a typical cell phone call. Potentially an even greater risk, however, is what's known as "dirty electricity" generated by the 'smart' meter's switch-mode power supply (SMPS). Health problems have been reported to utilities by perhaps hundreds of thousands of customers, but most people are not yet aware that their utility meter could very well be a culprit causing an increase in symptoms.

Unjust billing increases. 'Smart' meters mean higher bills. Utilities such as ComEd raised base rates 38% to pay for 'smart' meter programs. The meters are admitted to be less accurate, and have racked up bills even with power to the home turned off. In addition, utilities will also increase rates based on "time of use" – so you pay more during peak times. Each 'smart' meter costs hundreds of dollars and is designed to last 5-7 years. Analog meters cost 80-90% less and last 30-40 years. Who pays? We do.

Thousands of house fires and explosions. There have been hundreds, if not thousands, of incidents of house fires related to "upgraded" meters. In once incident in Stockton, California, hundreds of 'smart' meters exploded simultaneously, and 5,800 homes were left without power. 'Smart' meters have caused fatal fires in Dallas (Texas), in Vacaville (California), very likely in Reno (Nevada) and in other undocumented sites. More than 500,000 faulty 'smart' meters have been replaced by various utilities because of these fire risks.

Hacking vulnerability. The level of access and hackability facilitated by 'smart' meters is indeed a very big problem. They effectively create an open door into your home, making you vulnerable to remote interference or power shutoffs. High-ranking officials, such as a former CIA director and a former NSA insider, have lambasted the technology as harmful and potentially catastrophic.

The depth of what's at stake is the reason why I'm releasing this updated 2017 edition of Take Back Your Power, permanently free and on YouTube for the first time ever. The world needs to know about 'smart' meters, about big telecom's new '5G' wireless assault, and what you can do. Let us reach the tipping point in awareness, say "no" effectively, and chart a better course, together.

How Your Constitutional Right to Privacy Just Became a "Privilege" in the Eyes of Courts A Federal Appeals Court in Illinois has ruled that “smart” meters facilitate government search – but called this practice “reasonable”. This story involves a collusion between big corporations, courts and a fake-grassroots organization.

Over the past couple weeks, I've been hearing from several sources about this supposed “win” against utilities pushing “smart” meters. This report, disseminated by Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), is about a recent Federal Appeals Court ruling on “smart” meter surveillance, in Naperville, Illinois. This so-called journalism by EFF is titled, “Win! Landmark Seventh Circuit Decision Says Fourth Amendment Applies to Smart Meter Data.”

But having seen how it was positioned exactly polar opposite of this report from K.T. Weaver - who lives in Naperville and has been reporting independently on “smart” meter harm for several years - I needed to figure out just what the hell is going on. The title of K.T.'s article is “Federal Court Rules against Consumers on Smart Meters and Privacy Rights.” So, why are the reports so different?

My "aha!" moment on EFF came when, in corresponding with K.T., he sent me this Brasscheck interview with Yasha Levine, a respected truth-teller and author of Surveillance Valley. I have been following some of Yasha's work for several years with great interest.

Before we get into examining Yasha’s claim that the EFF is a giant piece of astroturf, let's dive straight into the facts of the recent court ruling on “smart” meters and privacy.

This development has everything to do with our basic human rights, how legal strategies are being implemented to work against the people, and whom we can and cannot trust when seeking justice.

On August 16, 2018, your 4th Amendment right to privacy in your home just became a "privilege"

K.T. Weaver has a multi-year history of independently reporting the facts about “smart” meters on his website As such, we will refer primarily to his posted research and to first-hand quotes from the actual case.

Smart Grid Awareness Federal Court Rules against Consumers on Smart Meters and Privacy Rights

To start with, in 2015 a Naperville District Court had ruled that utility customers who accept a “smart” meter are deemed to have consented to privacy violations as recognized in the 4th Amendment to the Constitution. Since most utilities are extorting their own customers who do not want a “smart” meter on their home, this ruling is baseless and corrupt.

Mark this as flag #1, for those of you wondering why we are not getting justice in courts.

Now, on August 16, 2018, this Federal Appeals Court ruling has conceded that with “smart” meters, occupants are being subjected to a government search every 15 minutes - without their voluntary consent.

But here's where it gets even more maddening.

Rather than ruling against utilities right then and there, the Federal Appeals Court blatantly took direction from industry lawyers', who requested that it be determined whether the government searches are legally "reasonable".

From industry proponents' amicus brief submitted to the court:

"The reasonableness of a search under the Fourth Amendment is determined by balancing its intrusion on the individual’s Fourth Amendment interests against its promotion of legitimate governmental interests."

Taking the cue, the Federal Appeals Court in Naperville, Illinois assumed an initial position of advocating for the government, stating that "the government’s interest in smart meters is significant."

In their analysis, the court first legitimized the false supposition that:

"Smart meters allow utilities to reduce costs, provide cheaper power to consumers, encourage energy efficiency, and increase grid stability. We hold that these interests render the city’s search reasonable, where the search is unrelated to law enforcement, is minimally invasive, and presents little risk of corollary criminal consequences."

This perspective is patently false. Bills go up, energy usage is not reduced, and grids are made vulnerable to hacking. Those pushing “smart” meters have let it slip over and over that the purpose of “smart” meters is to collect information so invasive and granular in nature it will reap billions. And in the eyes of a senior NARUC official, “smart” meter data will “be worth a lot more than the commodity that’s being consumed to generate the data” – electricity – which is a $2.2 trillion annual enterprise.

The house fires (including fatalities), health damage (from EMF and dirty electricity), and security risk to all of us are seen as just a cost of doing the data-harvesting business. And the inexplicable billing increases & “time-of-use” schemes are most definitely seen as an added benefit.

The court then exposed more of its true colors:

"[S]ince these searches are not performed as part of a criminal investigation, … we can turn immediately to an assessment of whether they are reasonable, ‘by balancing its intrusion on the individual’s Fourth Amendment interests against its promotion of legitimate government interests’."

As K.T. points out, does that language sound familiar? Then, this:

"[P]rivacy interest must be weighed against the government’s interest in the data collection."

K.T. Weaver summarizes the effect of this case, going forward in the "legal" world:

"This Court ruling appears merely to have had the effect of advancing from the District Court opinion of 'deemed' consent for data collection to an Appeals Court opinion of 'deemed' legitimate government interest for data collection. Either way, smart meter privacy invasions continue to occur, just now as an official governmental 'search.'"

Do you see what just happened here?

Your constitutional rights are now legally being weighed against the desires of the government. This, right here, is a marker for where your rights have officially, legally become recognized as privileges.

Now you see the game that courts and industry are playing together. Setting legal precedents and creating “the new normal”. It’s just business.

Nontoxic Clears

Keep a Clean House With Nontoxic Cleaners


Commercial cleaners emit toxic chemicals that may cause headaches and respiratory difficulties, organ damage and cancer

You can clean your home effectively and safely using natural ingredients like baking soda, vinegar, coconut oil, lemons and castile soap

Essential oils can be added to all of your homemade cleaning supplies and laundry detergents for an extra antimicrobial boost

Ditch synthetic air fresheners and scented candles for an aromatherapy diffuser, which smells wonderful and has therapeutic benefits

Telephone Service

e death.

Here’s How an Innovative Voice Technology is Turning Telephones Obsolete

Landlines could soon become an endangered species. And what does plummeting usage mean for landline users? Skyrocketing prices. But there are other options out there.

According to a CDC study1 reported by the Los Angeles Times, 53.9% of American homes still have a landline telephone. Because the number of landlines is decreasing rapidly, companies are charging higher rates to sustain revenues. For those still with a landline telephone, it may be time to look into a new option.

While many people abandoned their landline telephone service years ago, some are now coming around to the idea that their cell phone shouldn’t be the only means by which they can dial out of their home. Yes, landlines still exist, but its infrastructure can hardly be supported and is often failing. With the landline exodus when cell phones came to market, today’s pricing has become unsustainable so these landline companies can stay alive.

But, this isn’t the only option! Even though smartphones dominate today’s telecommunications, there’s now a smarter, more efficient solution that carriers don’t want you to know about.

What is This Technology?

This industry is one that’s changing fast. While the vast majority of individuals and companies still rely on conventional phones, the Harvard Business Review2 found that an estimated 10% of international phone traffic now travels over the Internet using voice over Internet protocol, or VoIP. Most telling, this year, for the first time, U.S. companies bought more new Internet-phone connections than conventional phone lines.

It’s called VoIP and it’s changing the way we use phone services in our own homes.

How big is this change? Millions have already switched over to this new phone service. More than 200 airports are utilizing VoIP internationally, and 79% of businesses are as well, according to market research firm In Stat3.

We Tested VoIP for Ourselves

As VoIP has become increasingly popular, we were a little skeptical. How could international calls truly come without an expensive cost? So, we tested out VoIP for ourselves.

Setting up any VoIP service is actually pretty quick and easy. Connect any service, such as Skype or Vonage, via your internet. Within seconds, you’re able to call any friend, any family member, or anyone else as long as you have their number. The best part; you only (sometimes) have to pay a minimal fee if you call out of the United States (some services offer free international calling as well).

Instead of paying per minute, some services let you buy VoIP credits in bulk or a small one time membership fee. Additionally, you don’t have to sacrifice any call quality. As long as you have a good internet connection, you’ll be able to chat as easily with someone in New York as you would with someone in Mexico or Greece.

It’s as if you’re getting a traditional landline phone service for either mere dollars or for free (as long as you have an internet connection).

Our Verdict of VoIP

We firmly believe there’s no reason to have a landline phone service for your home or business anymore, VoIP is clearly a better service and technology. You can save hundreds of dollars each year by switching to VoIP, and you won’t miss a single call.

Where to Find the Best VoIP Deals

Setting up a new VoIP service is very easy because it connects to your high-speed internet. Better yet, when you cancel your landline, you may even keep your current phone number.

Whether you have Spectrum, Comcast, or one of the other major cable companies in North America, you almost certainly have the option for VoIP service today. That said, you most likely will be able to find deals anywhere where you look for VoIP.


V Seize the Bidet, Save the Environment toilet paper is bad. Every roll of toilet paper requires 37 gallons of water to produce. Am. uses 100 million roles of TP a day. 1.2 billion gallons of water. Deforestation has doubled in Indonesia due to TP production. Push for global acceptance of bidets. Washing is better than wiping, both butt and hands.

Gas for cooking

Piles of peer reviewed research show how bad cooking with gas is for your health

Nano Towel

Replaces paper towels and cleaners in most situations.

V Nano Towel

To buy nano towel

14x14 size. 4 towels $19.95, 8 towels $34.95.

Recommended by Emily Lark

Floor Materials

[We have Tile in kitchen and front bathroom, vinyl in hall and back bathroom.]

6 different kitchen floors that are healthy and green


it is made from fossil fuels and chlorine, it is softened with phthalates, and its manufacturing process is toxic. Other than that, it is the perfect floor.

The only way to make vinyl better was to mix in asbestos! Now you have a floor that is durable and easy to maintain. Alas, it was even more toxic. So the search is on to find something that has all its wonderful properties without the problems.

Wood Floors

Lots of people are using wood in the kitchen these days, primarily because there is no easy way to transition from living space to kitchen space in trendy open kitchens. Wood is easy on the feet but fails the durability test: people walk the same route between the fridge and sink and you see the wear quickly. It also fails the water tests. Don't get me started on engineered wood floors; they should not be allowed anywhere near a kitchen. (I did it in the upstairs apartment in our house because I needed to float a floor for noise suppression, and after three years you can see discoloration from water towards the sink on the right)When it comes down to it, most wood floors these days are really plastic floors, with layers of urethane finish on top of the wood. So if the kitchen is not getting seriously heavy use, a solid wood floor is not the worst choice one can make. Just make sure it is sustainably harvested and local, like maple, oak, or salvaged wood.

Tile Floors

Ceramic and other tile floors are durable, water resistant and easy to clean, but are really hard underfoot. If you do a lot of cooking, a gel mat can make a big difference in the work areas. If you drop anything hard and heavy, something is going to break, either the object or a floor tile.

Concrete and Terrazzo

If you have a slab on grade and can do either of these, they are durable and easy to maintain. Concrete can be finished with durable epoxy paints; that's what I have on my lower level floor. Concrete can also be polished and sealed; on its own, it is enough.Some sites advise that it can be greener by using fly-ash; don't do it. It might be fine behind walls or under floors where it usefully replaces Portland cement, but fly ash is toxic waste full of heavy metals and mercury, and I do not believe you want to be in close contact with it.


There are a number of companies making rubber tile or roll flooring, from both natural rubber (which some people are allergic to because of the latex) and synthetic rubber (made from styrene.) It is used a lot in hospitals because it is easy to maintain and is softer underfoot. Many meet the Red List of the Living Building Challenge and are free of any toxic chemicals. But they are expensive.

Linoleum/ Marmoleum

What's not to love about Linoleum? It is among the greenest of floors, made from natural materials, a mix of linseed oil, pine rosin, wood flour and cork dust, with a jute backing. About the only knock against it is the energy intensive baking of it.I have had it in my kitchen and bathroom for thirty years; it still looks good. I was told not to put it in the bathroom because the backing might separate if it got too wet; it hasn't happened yet.


In a past life when I was the developer of Kensington Market Lofts in Toronto, I chose cork as the standard floor. It was affordable, it was sound absorbing, it installed quickly and easily, and as the Toronto Loft ads show, it still looks good.If I were doing my kitchen now, I would definitely go cork. It is durable, it is resilient, it is a renewable resource. Some might complain that it is not local, but it doesn't fly across the ocean. The flooring is actually pressed together from the pieces after wine corks are stamped out, so it is using every scrap. Its harvesting is carefully regulated, and its forests provide habitat for endangered species like the Iberian Linx. It is even anti-microbial thanks to suberin, which fends off mold and rot.It is available in sheets, tiles or engineered planks. Avoid the planks; they suffer from the same issues as all engineered floors. It looks good enough that it can go everywhere in your open kitchen and living area.

Indoor Air

Air Doctor Ad $329, 50% off

email from GreenMedInfo

Whether through wildfires or everyday city pollution, if air quality is a concern for you, we encourage you to learn more on how you can breathe easy with the AirDoctor.

For a limited time, AirDoctor is offering 50% OFF the AIRDoctor Pro air purifier, featuring an Ultra HEPA filter that's 100x more effective than ordinary air filters.

P.S. The AirDoctor air filter has a 30-day money back guarantee and a one-year replacement warranty!

The Invisible Danger of Indoor Air

We've recently warned you about the dangerous contaminants lurking in your tap water. Now we need to alert you to another invisible danger that threatens the health and welfare of you and your family and this is one time where a government agency and we are actually on the same page.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency indoor air quality can be up to 500 times more polluted than outdoor air. We're not talking about China or India. We're talking about right here in the United States.

Every day, you inhale about 11,000 liters of air. When you breathe polluted air, you introduce toxins into every cell of your body. People believe that they are safe from these pollutants when they are inside, but nothing could be further from the truth. When you consider that Americans spend an average of 90 percent of their time indoors, it becomes clear why indoor air pollution is setting people up for a host of serious health problems.

What symptoms should you look out for?

Many people find themselves complaining of recurring nasal congestion, fatigue, or sneezing without realizing that these are common symptoms of exposure to indoor air pollution. Other symptoms include wheezing; irritability; itchy throat, nose, or skin; or dry or watery eyes; hives; coughing and even stomach aches.

While these common ailments can be uncomfortable, they are mild compared to what people might find themselves facing long term. Indoor air pollution has been linked to serious illnesses including cancer, heart and lung disease. According to the World Health Organization, children are particularly vulnerable to the health problems that can arise from indoor air pollution. Bottom line: Indoor air pollution impacts the entire family.

Where do these pollutants come from?

Cleaning products
Mold and dampness
Air fresheners
Gas stoves, ovens and dryers
Candles and fireplaces
Burnt food
Cooking on non-stick cookware
Pet dander
Insect control chemicals
Tobacco products
Termites, cockroaches, and dust mites; including their droppings
Chemical found in building materials such as asbestos, formaldehyde and lead

Make sure you take the following steps to reduce the levels of pollutants in your home: never let anyone smoke indoors; don't allow the humidity to exceed 50%; make sure gas burning appliances are fully vented to the outdoors; never store chemicals, paints or solvents in the basement or an attached garage; only buy "green" furnishings, upholstery, and carpeting that do not contain formaldehyde and use low VOC paints which emit less toxins. Another important step that you can take is purchasing a quality air filtration system.

What type of air filters are available for those who want a healthier home environment?

There are a number of different types of air filters available on the market today and each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. You should evaluate a number of different criteria, including the type of filter used, contaminants removed, the CADR or performance rating, noise and the cost of replacement filters.

The most common problem that consumers run into when trying to select an air filter is finding an air purifier that removes a broad spectrum of contaminants both particulate and in gas form at an affordable price. Air purifiers with these features can easily cost $1,000 and are generally only available online or at specialty retailers.

The AIrDoctor Pro air filter is now available to you at a limited time offer of 50% off.

Air filter replacement is $57.50 at Amazon.

MARK HYMAN, MD: The Air Filter I Recommend

Last year I discovered a huge problem in my house – toxic mold! Not only did I have to gut my house to get rid of this stuff, but it was actually making me sick.

The entire process of dealing with this mold really got me thinking about air toxicity and the precautions I needed to take to protect myself and my family from different pollutants. A report from the American Lung Association, with help from the Environmental Protection Agency, identified air toxicity as one of the top five most urgent environmental risks to public health.

According to the EPA in 1985, indoor air quality can be up to 500 times more polluted than outdoor air.

Your home is like a Ziploc bag containing airborne pollutants that can’t escape. When you breathe polluted air, you introduce toxins into every cell of your body. The air circulates throughout your entire body, impacting internal organs, including the heart, lungs, kidneys and liver.

Where do these pollutants come from?

Cleaning products
Insect control chemicals
Air fresheners
Tobacco products
Perfumes and deodorants with synthetic fragrances
and other chemical compounds
Termites, cockroaches and dust mites and their droppings
Chemicals found in building materials such as asbestos, formaldehyde and lead
Gas stoves, ovens and dryers
Candles and fireplaces
Burnt food
Outgassing of toxic volatile organic chemicals from house paint, carpets and furniture
Cooking on non-stick cookware
Pet dander
Bacteria and viruses

The most common external sources include pollen, dust and pollutants that come in through ventilation systems and through open doors and windows. But that’s just the beginning. Many homes are contaminated with radon, which can come through cracks in basements and crawl spaces. Pesticides can also be brought into the home on clothing and shoes, further contaminating the air inside the home.

Most people aren’t aware of the potential dangers and have no idea how to improve it. In fact, most people don’t even realize that many of their symptoms – like difficulty breathing, wheezing, sleep troubles and irritability – can be caused by air pollutants.

Sadly, most indoor air purifiers are incapable of protecting you and your family from the harmful effects of all the dangerous toxins in your home because they…

1) Don’t have the capacity for large, multiple room homes

2) Remove only a small percentage of the dangerous particles from your air

3) Are completely incapable of removing toxic gases from your air

This is why I was excited to learn about the AIR Doctor Pro air purifier. The folks at AIR Doctor Pro spent two years and over $1 million in research to create a new revolutionary air purifier. AIR Doctor Pro is the first affordable air purifier that removes nearly 100 percent of particle pollution along with the vast majority of toxic ozone and volatile organic compounds.

My team has been using this air filter and have reported amazing benefits, such as a more restful night’s sleep and easier breathing.

Right now, AIR Doctor Pro is offering 50% off of their air purifier to my community. The regular price is $599, and their team is offering it to you for $299 while supplies lasts.

Link to buy at $299

Consumer Reports: Air Purifiers

Take a deep breath—if you can. Many of the things we do to keep energy costs down, such as fixing drafty doors and leaky windows, can also seal in pesky pollutants and irritants. Many people who buy air purifiers do so in hopes of easing asthma or allergies. But despite product claims, there’s little definitive medical evidence that air purifiers help to relieve respiratory symptoms.

Improving indoor air quality starts with minimizing pollutant sources such as cigarette smoke, dust, and pet dander. We test how well a room air purifier removes dust and smoke from an enclosed space, how it performs at high and low speeds, and how quiet it is.

The very best portable models we tested were effective at cleaning the air of dust, smoke, and pollen at their highest and lowest speeds. The worst models weren’t terribly effective at any speed.

Breathe Easier

Before you resort to buying an air purifier, try some simple steps to reduce indoor air irritants, including:

Vacuum often and thoroughly using a vacuum with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration.

Ban smoking indoors.

Maintain your heating and cooling equipment, and change air filters regularly.

Minimize the use of candles and wood fires.

Use exhaust fans in kitchen, bath, and laundry areas.

Don’t store chemicals, solvents, glues, or pesticides near your living quarters.

If pollen or related allergies keep you from opening windows, run your air conditioner or forced-air cooling system with a clean air filter.

The Pros and Cons


They’re portable—most room air purifiers weigh from 10 to 20 pounds, have a handle, and stand on the floor or on a table. Heavier models might have wheels.

Many have a HEPA filter, which can capture ultrafine particles. Keep in mind that most of these filters need to be replaced annually, an expense that might approach the cost of the air cleaner, but a few models are now available with cleanable HEPA filters.


Portable models that use either electrostatic precipitator or ionizer technology could produce some ozone, a lung irritant.

Electrostatic precipitator and ionizer air purifiers should not be confused with dedicated ozone generators, which produce large amounts of ozone by design. Ozone generators should be used only by professionals to reduce odors, germs, and mold.

Ozone is a serious health concern, prompting the state of California to ban the sale of ozone generators (and other air purifiers that emit more than 50 parts per billion of ozone) from the general market.

Prices: $50 to more than $1,000.

What They Do Well

The better air purifiers are especially good at filtering pollutant particles such as dust, smoke from candles or fireplaces, and pollen.

What’s Not So Great

Volatile organic compounds from adhesives, paints, and cleaning products, and other types of gaseous pollutants, however, are another matter. Some portable models with carbon prefilters are claimed to filter VOCs, but the Environmental Protection Agency warns that such filters are specific to certain gaseous pollutants, not for others, and that no air purifier is expected to remove all gaseous pollutants found in the typical home. Carbon filters also must be replaced often, typically every three to six months, or they stop working.

Consumer Reports: Don't Spend Money on an Air Purifier You May Not Need - Operating costs could make your budget go up in smoke

Air purifiers aren’t cheap and can be expensive to operate because they typically run around-the-clock (see chart below). And they have limitations in terms of their primary job. For example, an air purifier can remove only airborne particles, not the dust and pet dander that has already settled into the carpet. “For that you’ll need a good vacuum,” says Dave Trezza, who has tested both appliances for Consumer Reports.

Finally, our tests found that air purifiers can be noisy, especially at higher speeds, and may keep you awake if you use one in your bedroom.

Still, if you’re convinced that you need an air purifier, there are ways to spend less and get capable air-cleaning performance. Start by buying an Energy Star model, which is 40 percent more energy-efficient than a standard model and costs $30 per year less to run. Then check how well the air purifiers in our tests remove smoke, pollen, and dust on both high and low speeds (important for noise).

Our top performer is the Blueair Blue Pure 211, $250 (shown above). It earns an Excellent rating at removing fine clay dust and cigarette smoke from the air on both low and high settings. Models that score well for dust are also good at removing pollen. (The particles are roughly the same size.) However, in our tests the Blueair Blue Pure was fairly noisy on high (a little less so on low). That’s typical. “We recommend buying a larger air purifier and running it on a slower speed for the best and quietest results,” Trezza says.

The Blueair, like the other air purifiers CR recommends, is suitable for a 350- to 650-square-foot space—a fairly large room. We calculated how much several models cost to run for one and five years. Annual energy cost is based on running the unit 24 hours a day. Filter costs are based on the manufacturer’s replacement recommendation—typically once or twice a year, or four times a year for carbon filters. Here are the operating costs of four models from our tests.

Today Mag: How to pick an effective air purifier, according to doctors and experts

By Jessica Migala, April 24, 2018

People with allergies should decrease exposure to triggers (use allergy-proof bedding for dust mites, wear wraparound sunglasses to block outside pollen) and work with a doctor on a medication strategy, said Bassett.

Stand-alone units that are designed to filter a designated area should be placed in rooms where you spend most of your time, like the bedroom, Blagev added. But, remember to change the filter regularly based on the manufacturer’s suggestion.

With so many options out there, it can be tough to find a the best air filter that's both effective and safe. Here are a few suggests from doctors that pass the test:

HEPA Allergen Remover, $120, Walmart

2. Fellowes AeraMax 100 Air Purifier, $84 (usually $99), Amazon

3. Rabbit Air MinusA2 Ultra Quiet HEPA Air Purifier, $550, Amazon

4. Dyson Pure Cool Link Air Purifier, $348 (usually $500), Amazon

5. AirFree Lotus, $400, Amazon

6. Peace Lily Plant, $11, Amazon

“I am a fan of attempting to get an indoor clean air boost with various NASA-studied plants that have been found to potentially scrub and purify indoor air of common pollutants,” said Bassett. Peace Lily and English Ivy are two good options. It may surprise you that Amazon sells live plants. But, they do.

Best Air Purifiers of 2019

Similar reviews as above. No mention of Air Doctor

Gimme the Good Stuff: How to Choose the Best Air Filter

Austin Air and Amaircare: The Best Air Filters on the Market

Austin Air offers a very robust line of filters that employ HEPA and activated carbon technologies teamed with fans that get the job done quickly and super effectively.

For extra filtering power, Austin mixes their activated carbon with zeolite, a mineral with superior ability to trap toxic gases and odors such as formaldehyde, ammonias, and carbon monoxide.

Buy for $895

The best air purifiers you can buy

Similar recommendations as above

No mention of Air Doctor

Best Reviews Guide: 10 Best Hepa Purifiers - Jan 2019

9.8 pts Winix 5300-2 Air Purifier with True HEPA, PlasmaWave and Odor Reducing Carbon Filter $174.95 & FREE Shipping

9.6 pts LEVOIT Air Purifier/Cleaner with True HEPA Filter Allergen Remover Odor Reduction 322 $179.99 & FREE Shipping.

9.2 pts AeraMax 300 Air Purifier with Large Room Allergy and Asthma 4-Stage Purification $199.00 & FREE Shipping

6.5 pts Germguardian Elite 28" 4-In-1 Digital Hepa Tower With Uv-C Air Purifier And Digital $134.99 & FREE Shipping.

Top 10 Best Rated Home Air Purifiers For 2019

Below, you’ll see a list of the top 10 air purifiers for 2018 that continue to outsell any other products in the market. This guarantees that no matter which one you choose, you’ll enjoy a great long-term investment.

Also, under each product listing you’ll discover what features make each air purifier a top seller.

As you’ll see, every device has its own unique set of features that helps it stand out from the rest of the pack. Certain aspects will be more attractive to you than others, so this will help you narrow down your choice for which one to get.

Finally, just pointing out the positive aspects for each of the recommended air purifiers won’t help you make the best decision. So, we also share some of the disadvantages of each air purifier that you may want to consider.

Revooz Top 5 Air Purifiers

88/100 LEVOIT LV-PUR131 Air Purifier with True HEPA Filter, Odor Allergies Eliminator, Air Cleaner for Large Room, Dust, Smoke, Mold, Pets, Smokers, Home, Auto Air Quality Monitor, 322 sq. ft, Best Rated $179.99 & FREE Shipping

86/100 GermGuardian AC4825 3-in-1 Air Purifier with True HEPA Filter, UV-C Sanitizer, Captures Allergens, Smoke, Odors, Mold, Dust, Germs, Pets, Smokers, 22" Germ Guardian Home Air Purifier $83.39 & FREE Shipping86/100 LEVOIT LV-H132 Air Purifier Filtration with True HEPA Filter, Allergies Eliminator for Room, Home, Dust, Mold, Pets, Smokers, Odor Cleaner with Night Light, US-120V, (2 Pack) $169.99 & FREE Shipping

86/100 Honeywell True HEPA Allergen Remover, 465 sq. Ft, HPA300 $344.39 & FREE Shipping to $608.16 & FREE Shipping

84/100 Hamilton Beach 04384 Air Purifier, Odor Eliminator, Permenant HEPA Filter, For Allergies & Pets, TrueAir Ultra Quiet, White $52.92 & FREE Shipping

Amazon: AIRDOCTOR 4-in-1 Air Purifier UltraHEPA, Carbon & VOC Filters Cleaner Sensor Automatically adjusts... by Ionic Pro $499.00 & FREE Shipping

REVIEWS [mostly 5 stars, 1 gave 1 star}]: 5 stars: My mother just turned 74yrs old and has allergies. She lives in Georgia and with the turn of spring her allergies get really bad. And my father smokes cigarettes, so she's pretty miserable. I did some research on home air filters and The AirDoctor stood out big time. The name caught my attention, and its claims of cleaning the air of pollen and smoke made me feel secure it could help my mother so I immediately ordered it for her. Amazons shipping was timely, but we had a hard time getting the package from our local postal carrier so I contacted Amazon to let them know, and they sprung into action pretty quickly to resolve the issue. My mother now has the AirDoctor and set it up herself! She called to tell me how the Air Sensors worked. She's had it for about a week now and already feels a difference in the way she breathes. I'll continue to monitor this and update on whether or not she's still feeling relief but for now so far so good!

5 stars: Very pleased with this product. Simple to set up and quite quiet in operation. No dangerous UV light to worry about. Self regulates based on constant analysis of air. Only con is high price of replacement filters.

5 stars: I am so glad I decided to finally try an air purifier and try this brand in particular. I suffer from chronic sinusitis and it has been 3 weeks since I set this up. I can honestly say that I feel a difference in the morning, my nasal passages are clear and I just feel I get a better nights sleep. The set up was extremely easy an quick. This product was honestly worth the investment.

I would like to update this review because I just noticed something awesome. I recently bought a vape pen and I was using it in the room where I had the purifier. The purifier picked it up almost instantly and went on full force for a couple of minutes and slowed back down after that. The automatic sensors are awesome! I am just so happy to know this is really purifying the air I breathe.

5 stars: I bought this product before the Cedar Fever allergy season in Austin, TX and for the first time, I didn't have to leave Austin during the allergy season. First time in 10 years. This product worked so well in our bedroom, I woke up every morning without runny nose or itchy eyes (one of the worst parts of Cedar Fever). I bought 3 more for the rest of my house.

This product is so well designed, so easy to use and really works that I would highly recommend it. Allergies in Austin have been the worst of any place I ever lived and this product made a huge difference.

1 Star: 30 day trial Is not risk free
Ordered 2 of these from the company. With thirty day trial period. I used it alternately one night on and one night off. The nights I used it I had itchy ears and flem in the morning. The nights I did not use it, I was clear in the morning.

I called to return the units, they informed me I would pay for return shipping. It cost me $98.52 to send them back.

I will try the allergy club, They often a true money back guarantee, 60 days and they pay return shipping if you are not satisfied.

5 stars: Worth the money!
Love it! It senses the air pollution level and adjusts the fan speed to take the pollution out of the air quickly. Right now, we're cooking chicken wings in the kitchen. The Air Doctor is in the living room and it's gone from blue to yellow to red and back to yellow. And I can tell the difference because the smell of the cooking chicken is not nearly as strong as it usually is. At night, I move it into the bedroom and it's definitely improved my sleep, too!

5 stars: I felt better within minutes after turning it on.
Excellent air purifier! Minutes after turning it on I could feel my sinuses opened up. Not only was I able to breathe clearly, I could also see clearer and felt my ears pop so I could hear better. I had no idea how much of a difference it would make.

5 stars: We LOVE this air purifier!!!! It has totally improved our living enviroment! We have another very good air cleaner that we were pleased with, but NO comparison!!! Air Doctor is the Best!!!

5 stars: I just received my Air Doctor and tried it last night. I was very excited and it was very easy to assemble and turn on. Something went wrong with the unit the next day and customer service was very helpful. They sent me a new unit right away which works great. It really seems to help with allergies and cat dander. Im very sensitve to cleaning products so I make sure I turn on the Air Doctor when i clean.

5 stars Tested on mold fabulous results
My daughter got me one of these after the fires recently and we love it!! We couldn’t be happier with the quality of the air now and have found it to be silent and easy to operate. My sister uses one in her house as well and had a bad mold problem since I am a mold remediation specialist I measured the Microbial contamination prior to turning on the machine for any indoor air quality evaluation after three days of running the machine around my particular account reader and found the microbial’s dramatically decreased to an almost undetectable level.

5 stars: Like it! Very powerful. Best one I've ever bought. Gets the smoke out.

Diatomaceous Earth = Magic Unicorn Dust

I love food grade diatomaceous earth. My family loves diatomaceous earth.

What makes DE so magical that my 6 year old son will remind me that he has not had his "dirt" today and ask me for some DE?

Here is where the magic lies for me: If I could condense down millennia of climates, micro climates, weather patterns, flaura, fauna, geological changes, polar shifts, ice ages, etc. etc. and put them into a mug and drink them every day, what would I be drinking? Magic Unicorn Dust? No. Diatomaceous Earth. Yes, of course.

DE is mined from the earth. Each DE mine is unique because it articulates the geological history of that specific region. Each DE mine has its own "brand" of DE that has high silica , but also unique trace mineral content that can only be found from that specific mine.

Our family has used just about every "brand" of DE that is out there. For us, we decided on the DE that has a high level of calcium bentonite (volcanic ash) in it because the miracle of calcium bentonite is almost as great as that of DE.

Regardless of which brand of DE you like best, I am sure that you will find it about as magical as unicorn dust.

Send comments to, Colby Glass, MLIS, Professor Emeritus