Death Penalty
Alphabetical List of Links and Notes
ACLU Death Penalty Campaign against the death penalty
Campaign to END the Death Penalty news and views
Capital Punishment arguments for and against, from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Capital Punishment quotes and essays on both sides, from religious tolerance.org
Capital Punishment from the Dept. of State "materials that help provide a background and context for the debate currently going on"
Capital Punishment Statistics from U.S. Dept. of Justice
Capital Punishment Survey Report
Catholics Against Capital Punishment
Chile -- Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform
Death Penalty - Ethics Updates
Death Penalty Hot Paper Topics
Death Penalty Information and Resources anti-capital punishment
Death Penalty Information Center
Death Penalty Information Web Site issues, facts, resources
Death Penalty News and Updates against the death penalty
Death Penalty Quiz learn the facts
Death Penalty Statistics from U.S. Dept. of Justice
The Death Penalty Today article from Today's Catholic
Economics of Capital Punishment anti-death penalty
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty anti-death
Pro-Death Penalty arguments and information
Religious Organizing Against the Death Penalty Project


Just as the current drug war can be traced to Jim Crow, so is the modern system of capital punishment--thirty years old this year--a direct descendant of lynching" (Letters. The Nation, Aug 28: 2).


"The immediate outcome of the Supreme Court's 5-to-4 decision in Roper v. Simmons is reason enough to celebrate: With one stroke it set aside seventy-two death sentences imposed for crimes committed by teenagers and categorically banned capital punishment for offenders under 18. The Court's powerful majority opinion -- all the more notable because it was written by Reagan appointee Anthony Kennedy -- adds momentum to the narrowing of capital sentences and diminishing number of executions in the United States. Justice Kennedy's opinion explicitly acknowledges tteenagers' universal "vulnerability and comparative lack of control over their immediate surroundings," elaborated with a humane and scientific recognition of developmental psychology, too long absent from the death penalty debate... Justice Kennedy's unapologetic embrace of international human rights standards" ("Too Young to Die." The Nation, March 21, 2005: 3).


"...the Supreme Court recently banned execution of juvenile offenders. In Roper v. Simmons, Justice Kennedy, writing for a 5-to-4 majority, cited recent neurological and sociological studies establishing that the overwhelming majority of those under 18 are not developmentally mature enough to be swayed by the incentives of either retribution or deterrence, the two stated justifications for the death penalty...

"Scalia, who once stated that the death penalty is no big deal to practicing Christians who levieve in an afterlife, angrily denounced the majority...

"...the majoritarian consensus of the states and of the Supreme Court--oh, yes, and the rest of the planet--are tossed aside as "subjective"...

"The Court, Scalia goes on to say, "thus proclaims itself sole arbiter of our Nation's moral standards." By this gesture, Scalia seemingly denigrates the very function of the Court... in Scalia's construct, the Court is supposedly setting "moral standards" rather than deciding legal limits" (Patricia J. Williams. "Grim Fairy Tales." The Nation, March 28, 2005: 9).


The Military

"...the Bush White House loathe[s] the "Brussels" mentality... invariably the comment is made that Brussels whines about US strong-arm tactics and bullying behavior but appears quite comfortable letting us sacrifice our young men and women in uniform around the world to protect European security interests...

"It has to do with very different sensibilities about how each superpower perceives its relationship to the world and the kind of vision of the future each holds" (283-284)...

Capital Punishment

"No issue more unites Europeans than the question of capital punishment. For them, opposition to the death penalty is as deeply felt as opposition to slavery was for the American abolitionists... Europeans express a raw emotional disgust of capital punishment that is not evident anywhere else in the world...

"...candidate countries for EU membership must abolish capital punishment as a condition for entry into the Union. It tops the list of conditions...

"The death penalty, for Europeans, is a constant reminder of the dark side of their past...

"Protocol No. 6 bar[s] the death penalty unconditionally, even including crimes committed during times of war...

"Europeans [as opposed to the US] deeply oppose the idea of retribution... Capital punishment... turns the justice system into a mere tool of illegitimate private vengeance.

"At the heart of Christian doctrine is the belief in redemption--that even the worst sinner can be saved. The European Union embraces this most basic of Christian beliefs in its support of rehabilitation" (284-287)...

The Military

"How do Europeans square their position on not taking the life of a criminal with waging war against an enemy?...

"Europeans reject the kind of power politics that has dominated foreign policy for centuries and has led to so much death and destruction...

"...are determined to never again allow national rivalries to descend into open warfare... a new vision of perpetual peace...

"European leaders favor negotiation over ultimatums, reconciliation over recrimination, and cooperation over competition...

"...in Europe, "the rule of law has replaced the crude interplay of power"...

"...the European model of integration "is inspiring regional experiments from Asia to Latin America"...

""European integration shows that compromise and reconciliation is possible after generations of prejudice, war and suffering...

"Europe's new approach [is] co-opting people rather than coercing them" (294-301)...

"The EU member countries contribute ten times the number of peacekeeping troops as the US, belying the oft-heard American contention that Europe lets America should, alone, the task of being the world's policeman" (Jeremy Rifkin. The European Dream. p. 304)...


Capital Punishment

"...European view of capital punishment... "It is simply barbaric"...

"Europeans are downright proud that they have moved beyond capital punishment... the United States still executes criminals. That point alone, to tens of millions of Europeans, makes the European Union a better place to live than the American one... when it comes to the death penalty, the US is not a leader. Your country stands with China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo... friend of mine in Germany [says] "for us, the death penalty stands even with torture, with slavery. It should by now be ancient history!"...

"For this reason, it is against the law in any European country to extradite a prisoner to the United States for a crime that could bring the death penalty. A British official told Washington that not even Osama bin Laden would be extradited, if captured by Europeans" (169)...

"US diplomats in Europe say they are deluged with complaints about capital punishment" (Reid, T.R. The United States of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy: 170)...


"China heads death penalty table. China accounted for at least 3,400 executions in 2004, according to Amnesty International figures. The total number of death sentences, 7,395 in 64 countries was the highest since 1996. China accounted for nine out of 10 cases. Iran, which with China executes children, was second, executing at least 159 people" ("Roundup." Guardian Weekly, April 8, 2005: 2).


Please send comments to: Colby Glass, MLIS