Tesla / Clean Energy

email from Sanders Institute, 7/12/18

Our leaders like to talk about “American exceptionalism,” but America is not so exceptional when it comes to RENEWABLE ENERGY. In fact, we are falling far behind.

Countries all around the world are demonstrating that a transition away from fossil fuels is not only possible, but is a plausible, clean, and affordable path forward. Here's a quick look at what other countries around the developed world are achieving:

~ In China, an entire province the size of Texas was powered on 100% renewable energy last year.
~ New Zealand recently released a plan to transition to 100% renewable energy by 2035.
~ Iceland is running on 100% renewable energy mostly through geothermal plants.
~ Norway produces 98% of its power needs through renewable energy.
~ Holland's entire train system now runs on wind power.

We can learn from these initiatives and join their commitment to reach 100% renewable energy.

In our latest video, Bill McKibben describes some of the monumental, and replicable steps that countries around the world are taking towards achieving this goal.

V Sanders Institute: JULY 2018 Renewable Energy Around the World

Our leaders must have the courage to admit that if we can learn from the successful energy policies of other countries, we could become a world leader in clean, sustainable energy production.

Food Waste numbers If the amount of food wasted globally were reduced by just 25% there would be enough food to feed all the people who are malnourished according to the UN.

Each year 1.3 billion tons of food, about a third of all that is produced, is wasted

Environmental impact: the carbon footprint of food produced but not eaten is estimated to be 3.3 gigatons of CO2 per year.

This could be the end for Big Oil A stunning breakthrough in chemical engineering has unleashed a massive supply of fuel once considered too expensive to be commercially viable.

As remarkable as it might sound, this breakthrough tech is promising to unlock nearly unlimited supplies of a "universal fuel" that is suitable for almost any application, and now after years of development, it is on the verge of becoming a reality.

This process is so revolutionary, it could be poised to decimate Big Oil's obscene profits, make OPEC obsolete, and hand the United States 100% energy independence.

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), this fuel could soon become the #1 source of energy on the planet... surpassing oil, gas, and coal power... sand.

New Law Will Help More Texans Go Solar by Jim Malewitz and Jeremy Lin Aug. 5, 2015

Underlying Reasons for the Raging Syrian War: Competing Natural Gas Pipelines It’s no secret that the U.S. and some of its allies are doing everything in their power to remove Syria’s Assad regime. But why do they and their leaders feel so strongly that it is must be done, why is it so important to them? Why does President Obama continue to insist that Assad must go and why does he believe that he has the right to interfere in the internal affairs of that country?

The standard answer to these questions is that it’s a part of the process to hunt down and destroy ISIS terrorists who have infiltrated that country and are causing great havoc within it.

It appears that Mr. Obama’s agenda is very similar to that of Bush/Cheney when they decided that Saddam Hussein had to go. They invaded, occupied and literally destroyed that country, sending many Iraqis to their deaths and millions into exile. One thing is certain; where there is an issue involving gas or oil anywhere in the Middle East you can bet that the chances of some conflict erupting are very great and you will find the U.S. government right in the middle of the action.

When we speak of pipelines it should be understood that a tremendous competition currently exists for delivery of natural gas to many of the European nations.

The country of Qatar has substantial reserves of gas which it badly wants to sell to these European countries, to take the business away from Russia, the current major supplier, and prevent Iran from doing the same in the future. The favored, most expeditious route for the Qatar gas pipeline is via Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, to Turkey and then to Europe. The problem is that Assad, who initially signed off on the routing this pipeline through Syria, did an about face and backed out of the deal.

Quite likely Assad did it because he decided to align himself with the planned development of the competing Iran,-Iraq-Syria pipeline. That move on his part is why many geopolitical experts say that this clash between Syria and Iran (with Russia in the background) on the one side and Qatar/Saudi Arabia and the U.S. on the other, was the main reason why this conflict erupted.

Is it logical to think that competition over a pipeline route could actually cause such a massive war and crisis? Well, many past wars were started over much less important issues; and in this situation the European gas market represents mega-billions of business for whoever is the major supplier and controls the method of delivery.

This proposed Qatar pipeline has been in the planning stages for some time. World energy observers are very familiar with it and how it would be a threat to other competing pipelines. But that knowledge is not present here in America where the vast majority of people don’t know a thing about it or why it may well be a major reason for this escalating conflict. And the reason they don’t is that the U.S. government and the corporate-controlled media don’t want them to know anything about it. They want to keep insisting that this is a part of the War on Terror.

Could a Common Plant Be the Future of Renewable Energy? As the scourge of ponds and swimming holes everywhere, algae frequently get a bad rep. These little green pests, however, play a very vital role in our ecosystem—and potentially the future of renewable energy. Photosynthetic algae are able to “eat” excess CO2 in the atmosphere and produce energy, which has led scientists to question whether they might be a potential (and plentiful) source of biofuel.


PIEZOELECTRICITY /pi?e?zo??il?k'tr?s?ti/ is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress. The word piezoelectricity means electricity resulting from pressure. Piezoelectricity Piezoelectricity /pi?e?zo??il?k'tr?s?ti/ is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress. The word piezoelectricity means electricity resulting from pressure. It is derived from the Greek piezo or piezein, which means to squeeze or press, and electric or electron, which means amber, an ancient source of electric charge.[2] Piezoelectricity was discovered in 1880 by French physicists Jacques and Pierre Curie.

Piezoelectricity is found in useful applications such as the production and detection of sound, generation of high voltages, electronic frequency generation, microbalances, to drive an ultrasonic nozzle, and ultrafine focusing of optical assemblies. It is also the basis of a number of scientific instrumental techniques with atomic resolution, the scanning probe microscopies such as STM, AFM, MTA, SNOM, etc., and everyday uses such as acting as the ignition source for cigarette lighters, push-start propane barbecues, and quartz watches.

Standing Wave In physics, a standing wave – also known as a stationary wave – is a wave in a medium in which each point on the axis of the wave has an associated constant amplitude. The locations at which the amplitude is minimum are called nodes, and the locations where the amplitude is maximum are called antinodes.

This phenomenon can occur because the medium is moving in the opposite direction to the wave, or it can arise in a stationary medium as a result of interference between two waves traveling in opposite directions. The most common cause of standing waves is the phenomenon of resonance, in which standing waves occur inside a resonator due to interference between waves reflected back and forth at the resonator's resonant frequency.

For waves of equal amplitude traveling in opposing directions, there is on average no net propagation of energy.

World Wireless System The World Wireless System was a turn of the 19th century proposed communication and electrical power delivery system designed by the inventor Nikola Tesla based on his theories of using the Earth and/or the Earth's atmosphere as an electrical conductor. Tesla claimed this system would allow for "the transmission of electric energy without wires" on a global scale[1] as well as point-to-point wireless telecommunications. He made public statements citing various schemes to accomplish this from the mid-1890s on. By the end of 1900 Tesla had convinced banker J. P. Morgan to finance the construction of a wireless station (eventually sited at Wardenclyffe) based on his ideas intended to transmit messages across the Atlantic to England and to ships at sea. Almost as soon as the contract was signed Tesla decided to scale up the facility and add his ideas of wireless power transmission to better compete with Guglielmo Marconi's radio based telegraph system. Morgan refused to fund the changes and, when no additional investment could be found, the project at Wardenclyffe was abandoned in 1906, never to become operational.

Tesla in front of Transformer

During this period Tesla filed numerous patents on the basic functions of his system including transformer designs, transmissions schemes, tuning circuits, and methods of signaling. He also described his plan to have 30 Wardenclyffe style towers around the world that would be tied into existing telephone and telegraph systems. Tesla would continue to elaborate to the press and in his writings for the next few decades on his system's capability's and how it was superior to radio based systems.

Tesla Broadcast Tower 1904

The second result demonstrated how energy can be made to go through space without any connecting wires. The wireless energy transmission effect involves the creation of an electric field between two metal plates, each being connected to one terminal of an induction coil’s secondary winding. A gas discharge tube) was used as a means of detecting the presence of the transmitted energy. Some demonstrations involved lighting of two partially evacuated tubes in an alternating electrostatic field while held in the hand of the experimenter.

Tesla Wireless Resonance Transformer

In his wireless transmission lectures Tesla proposed the technology could include the telecommunication of information. Between 1895 - 1898 Tesla constructed a large coil in his New York City lab called a magnifying transmitter to test his earth conduction theories.[20] In 1899 Tesla conducted large scale experiments at Colorado Springs, Colorado. From his measurements there he concluded the Earth was "literally alive with electrical vibrations." He noted that lightning strikes seemed to show the Earth was indeed a big conductor with the waves of energy from each strike going from one side of the Earth to the other. At Colorado Springs he also constructed a large magnifying transmitter measuring fifty-one feet (15.5 m) in diameter which could develop a working potential estimated at 3.5 million to 4 million volts and was capable of producing electrical discharges exceeding one hundred feet (30 m) in length.[21] With it he tested earth conduction and lit un-connected electric lights outside his lab in a demonstration of wireless power transmission at relatively short ranges. TESLA ON GLOBAL WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSMISSION FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND OTHER PURPOSES With Additional Comments by Henry Bradford and Gary Peterson--detailed analytical notes.

The type of transmitter used to excite this propagation mode is described and illustrated in Tesla’s patent ART OF TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL ENERGY THROUGH THE NATURAL MEDIUMS, May 16, 1900, U.S. Patent No. 787,412, Apr. 18, 1905 and elsewhere. It is essentially the same as the transmitter used for the atmospheric conduction method, connected to the ground and to an elevated terminal, with the elevated terminal having the modified spherical shape seen in a number of photographs and artistic renderings of the Wardenclyffe wireless station prototype. A similar rendering of a Wardenclyffe-type structure appears in the specifications of Tesla’s APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL ENERGY, Jan. 18, 1902, U.S. Patent 1,119,732, Dec. 1, 1914 in which this terminal is drawn as a modified torus.

It is apparent from documents on file at the U.S. Patent Office pertaining to U.S. Patent No. 787,412 that Tesla collected actual performance data. In response to a question from U.S. Patent Examiner G.C. Dean regarding three stated requirements that, “seem essential to the establishment of the resonating condition” Tesla’s attorneys responded,

These three requirements, as stated are in agreement with his numerous experimental observations. . . . we would point out that the specification does not deal with theories, but with facts which applicant has experimentally observed and demonstrated again and again, and in the commercial exploitation of which he is engaged. ["Spherical Transmission Lines and Global Propagation, An Analysis of Tesla's Experimentally Determined Propagation Model," K. L. Corum, J. F. Corum, Ph.D., and J. F. X. Daum, Ph.D. 1996, p. 3n.]

Tesla determined that the time required for a transmitted pulse or wave train to travel from the transmitter to the antipode and back again is .08484 seconds. This equates to a fundamental earth resonance frequency of 11.786892 Hz. He believed that by incorporating a portion of the earth as part of a powerful earth-resonance Tesla coil transmitter an electrical disturbance could be impressed upon the earth and detected, “at great distance, or even all over the surface of the globe."


Before the turn of the century, Nikola Tesla had discovered and was utilizing a new type of electric wave. Tesla repeatedly stated his waves were non-Hertzian, and his wireless transmissions did not fall off as the square of the distance. His discovery was apparently so fundamental (and his intent to provide free energy to all humankind was so clear) that it was responsible for the withdrawal of his financial backing, his deliberate isolation, and the gradual removal of his name from the history books.

By 1914 or so, Tesla had been successfully isolated and was already nearly a "nonperson." Thereafter Tesla lived in nearly total seclusion, occasionally surfacing (at his annual birthday party for members of the press) to announce the discovery of an enormous new source of free energy, the perfection of wireless transmission of energy without losses, fireball weapons to destroy whole armies and thousands of airplanes at hundreds of miles distance, and a weapon (the "Tesla Shield," I've dubbed it ) that could provide an impenetrable defense and thus render war obsolete.

In my pursuit of Tesla's secret, it gradually became apparent to me that present orthodox electromagnetic theory is seriously flawed in some fundamental respects. One of these is in the definition and use of φ, the scalar electrostatic potential. It is this error which has hidden the long-sought unified field theory from the theorists.

Tesla's Rebirth Alexander Putney

The Tesla Museum published his discovery in the Colorado Springs Notes in 1978, and in that same year a boy named Alex was born on a small Caribbean island, who would later spontaneously complete Tesla's unfinished theory. By the age of 26, Alex Putney had intuitively applied four-dimensional mathematics to produce spherical maps of Earth's standing wave infrasound patterns, and presents an astonishing perspective on the unfolding human reality that overturns many presently-accepted scientific, political, cultural and spiritual apperceptions.

Alex's experience of synesthesia inspired the development of quantum maps that reestablish the ancient Sanskrit knowledge of Akasha - the invisible creative force of the cosmos. Fascinating past life continuities reveal the hidden thread of knowledge that binds consciousness through the karmic process of reincarnation, linking the inventive ability of Tesla with the life's work of an inventive mind of the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci.

See entire book in Downloads "Tesla's_Rebirth"

Clean Energy

Obama's clean energy plan expected to boost renewables

40 Earthquakes Hit Frack-Happy Oklahoma In Last 7 Days

Media Webinar on Dispersant Impacts: Tomorrow On January 14, 2015 at 1:00 pm Eastern Time, the ALERT Project and Government Accountability Project (GAP) will co-host a webinar to help members of the media understand the destructive impact of certain dispersants currently used to clean up oil spills. The webinar is offered because the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is considering changes to current dispersant regulations.

The Energy Solution Mark Jacobson

Jacobson Archives

TexVox: Getting off Coal Could Save Texans Billions We released a new report today that shows that shifting from coal power to alternative energy sources could save utilities – and indirectly their customers – several billion dollars in capital and annual operating expenses. The switch also would save the Texas public as much as $2.5 billion in pollution-related health care costs and economic losses due to premature mortality... Renewables are a clean, safe and financially smart alternative to coal. Our report shows that replacing our oldest, dirtiest coal plants with alternative energy sources could save 21 to 24 percent in capital and annual operating costs. It’s no longer clean energy that’s expensive. Now coal is too costly to continue.

Interview with Tesla

Post Carbon Institute Post Carbon Institute provides individuals, communities, businesses, and governments with the resources needed to understand and respond to the interrelated economic, energy, environmental, and equity crises that define the 21st century. We envision a world of resilient communities and re-localized economies that thrive within ecological bounds.

The Kingpins of Carbon and their War on Democracy pdf by Greenpeace.

MIT study suggests solar power technology is up to the task now, not tomorrow

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New Research Endorses 'Rooftop Revolution' as Simple, Local Solar Solution Study shows 'we do not need to trade these places of environmental value for the production of renewable energy'

See also Solar Roads

Will hydrogen-powered buses cut urban pollution?

"London suffers from one of the worst air quality ratings in Europe, and official statistics suggest that air pollution contributes to the deaths of up to 1,600 Londoners every year. Blame falls on the millions of vehicles that pour into the city daily, clogging its arteries.

"That's why London is investing heavily in hydrogen, and spearheading this transport revolution is one of the city's most recognisable symbols. The first stop on the road to a hydrogen-based economy is being made by the red London bus. Capital-dwellers nd visitors might have seen one of the three hydrogen buses on the RV1 route between Covent Garden and the Tower of London. Save for stickers displaying its green credentials, a hydro-bus looks exactly like a regular single-decker. But listen carefully: it is barely louder than a milk float. Look closely and you'll notice its only emission is a plume of steam.

"Soon up to a dozen buses will be added as London spends tens of millions on its experimental fleet of "hydro-vehicles." If the test proves successful, London's bus fleet could switch to hydrogen in the next decade. By 2010, the hydro-fleet will have swollen to 70: we could also expect hydrogen-powered emergency vehicles, police cars and road sweepers...

"The appeal of hydrogen is easy to understand. It is the most abundant element on Earth, and its oxidation produces huge amounts of energy per unit mass. The hydro-buses use a process invented in 1839 by William Grove, a British lawyer and amateur physicist, in which hydrogen is combined with oxygen within a duel cell to generate a powerful electric current. The hydro-buses are quiet because the fuel cell, which is held in the roof, removes the need for an engine. The only exhaust is steam, because the hydrogen removes the need for the diesel engine.

"But the hydrogen molecules must first be extracted from another source, usually either water or a fossil fuel such as coal or gas. The cleanest way to make hydrogen is to electrolyse water using electricity generated from renewable sources; solar power has been used to power fuel-cell buses in Perth in Western Australia. But in London's case, "this means obtaining hydrogen from natural gas," says Mark Waatts, the mayor of London's advisor on energy, transport and air quality. The trouble is, he explains, that this process still produces carbon dioxide, "although it is about 30% less than the amount from the equivalent diesel engine." This also means the carbon dioxide can be released into the atmosphere miles from London.

"The use of hydrogen is being held down by price. It costs up to 10 times more to take a bus passenger one kilometer using hydrogen rather than diesel" (Sean Dodson. "Lighter route to a cleaner London." Guardian Weekly, Aug. 3, 2006: 21).

"...a clean-burning alternative fuel that Willie Nelson is helping to market through a new company called Willie Nelson Biodiesel. What is it? It's essentially vegetable oil, mainly soybean oil, though the used frying oil from Dunkin Donuts or Sid's Greasy Spoon also works...

"...if you take veggie oil and process it slightly to remove the glycerin... you have a ready-to-go fuel for diesel engines. Whether you have a diesel pickup truck or a Mercedes, it'll run on this stripped down veggie oil without requiring any modification to the engine. Just tank up and go!

"Willie has been tanking up his tour buses with it for some time...

"The fule's average price is $1.79 a gallon, and while the major concentration of biodiesel pumps is in the Midwest, Nelson hopes to spread it from sea to shining sea...

"... biodiesel also is much better for the environment, it can be an economic boon for America's family farmers, and your exhaust fumes can smell like donuts!...

"Rep. Dennis Kucinich is preparing legislation to help develop this new biodiesel industry for America" (Jim Hightower. "BioWillie." Progressive Populist, March 15, 2005: 3).

"The energy bill just passed by the House... [contains] nothing that needs to be done about energy. The bill give $8.1 billion in new tax breaks to the oil companies, which are already swimming in cash.

"ExxonMobil's profits are up 44%, Royal Dutch/Shell up 42%, etc. According to the business pages, the biggest problem oil executives face is what to do with all their cash. So why give more tax breaks to the oil companies?" (Molly Ivins. "Energy policy so stupid, it's painful." Progressive Populist, June 1, 2005: 22).

"Next year, the administration will phase out the $2,000 tax credit for buying a hybrid vehicle, which gets over 50 miles per gallon, but will leave in place the $25,000 tax write-off for a Hummer, which gets 8 mpg. That's truly crazy, and that's truly what the whole Cheney energy policy is...

"Meanwhile, what we are sticking with is soaring oil prices (ExxonMobil just reported the highest quarterly profit ever, $8.42 billion, by an American company)...

"Nor are the major oil companies spending their mammoth profits on exploration or field development--they're doing mega-mergers and stock buybacks... The Chinese and the Indians are now buying cars like mad, and the result is going to be an enormous supply crunch, sooner rather than later...

"Conservation is simply the cheapest and most effective way of addressing this problem. If you put a tax on carbon, it would move industry to wind or solar power. Wind power here in Texas is at the tipping point now--comparably priced. Our health, our environment, our economy and the globe itself would all benefit from a transition to renewable energy sources.

"And as Tom Friedman recently pointed out, it would do a lot for world peace, too: "By doing nothing to lower US oil consumption, we are financing both sides in the war on terrorism and strengthening the worst governments in the world. That is, we are financing the US military with our tax dollars and we are financing the jihadists--and the Saudi, Sudanese and Iranian mosques and charities that support them--through our gasoline purchases"" (Molly Ivins. "Dumb, Dumber, and Dumbest." Texas Observer, April 15, 2005: 14).

Top 10 Things You Need to Know About Wind Power

Power of Wind news, info.

Green energy Revolt “Two things are happening: There is a clear public demand for moving away from dirty energy resources toward clean energy resources. And a lot of it is being driven by the economic potential, the way in which investing in efficiency lowers people’s utility bills. There are a couple of clear public drivers, and it’s not all about the environment.”

Solar America in partnership with the Federal Government

5 Most Toxic Energy Companies That Are Controlling Our Politics These corporations rake in massive profits and use this wealth to leverage elections.

'Failure of Conscience': Groups Urge Congress to Fund Social Well-Being, Not Fossil Fuel Industry Diverse coalition launches calculator to measure cost of fossil fuel subsidies... to declare collective disgust with the spending of billions of taxpayer dollars on unnecessary subsidies for the oil and gas industries when that same money could be used to improve the lives of millions if spent on social services, renewable energy investments, healthcare, and education.

Groups Calculate Tradeoff Between Big Oil Handouts and Social Assistance programs As the new Congress begins its work, fourteen groups from across the country are taking a stand against business-as-usual spending priorities. Together, they are releasing a Fossil Fuel Subsidies Tradeoff Calculator ( -- an online tool that compares the cost of government giveaways for Big Oil to the cost of crucial social programs, such as food stamps, Pell grants, healthcare for veterans, and many others.

Groups fighting for racial and economic justice are joining communities of faith and environmentalists to remind Congress that welfare for polluters is an unacceptable use of public money. As federal programs that feed the hungry and heal the sick struggle for funding, oil and gas companies continue to drain billions of U.S. tax dollars in the form of subsidies and other special interest giveaways.

"U.S. taxpayers know what the nation's spending priorities should be -- dignified jobs, resilient infrastructure, affordable health care, education without crippling debt, a clean environment," said Janet Redman, director of the climate policy program at the Institute for Policy Studies, a Washington DC-based think tank. Redman added, "It's an abomination that while Americans are working every day for a transition to a more sustainable, more equal and more democratic economy, members of Congress are willingly trading off our future for the short-term profits of fossil fuel executives. They should be ashamed - or better yet, fired."

A 2,500 Square-Mile Methane Plume Is Silently Hovering over Western US A monstrous cloud of accumulated methane—a potent greenhouse gas—is now hovering over a large portion of the western United States according to satellite imagery analyzed by NASA and reported by the Washington Post.

The Energy Solution Mark Jacobson

San Antonio Considers Shale Drilling's Effect on Ozone 11/1/14

The Coming Climate Revolt by Chris Hedges. "We are governed, rather, by a species of corporate totalitarianism, or what the political philosopher Sheldon Wolin describes as “inverted totalitarianism.” By this Wolin means a system where corporate power, while it purports to pay fealty to electoral politics, the Constitution, the three branches of government and a free press, along with the iconography and language of American patriotism, has in fact seized all the important levers of power to render the citizen impotent...

"Obama’s assault has been worse—the Bush bailouts of big banks, the endless imperial wars, the failure to regulate Wall Street, the hiring of corporate lobbyists to write legislation and serve in top government positions, the explosion of drilling and fracking, the security and surveillance state as well as the persecution of government whistle-blowers...

"The Obama administration, in return for financial support from these kingpins of carbon, has cynically undermined international climate treaties, a fact we discovered only because of the revelations provided by Edward Snowden and WikiLeaks. It uses its intelligence agencies, these revelations revealed, to spy on those carrying out climate negotiations to thwart caps on carbon emissions and push through useless, nonbinding agreements...

"If we appeal to self-identified liberals in the establishment who have no capacity or desire to carry out the radical reforms, we will pour energy into a black hole. And this is what the corporate state seeks. It seeks to perpetuate the facade of democracy...

"If the response of the corporate state is repression rather than reform then our strategy and our tactics must be different. We will have to cease our appealing to the system. We will have to view the state, including the Democratic Party, as antagonistic to genuine reform. We will have to speak in the language of ... revolution." Paul Krugman Has Some Truly Shocking News About Climate Change "This just in: Saving the planet would be cheap; it might even be free," the Nobel-prize winning economist announces right off the bat.... It has long been clear that a well-thought-out strategy of emissions control, in particular one that puts a price on carbon via either an emissions tax or a cap-and-trade scheme, would cost much less than the usual suspects want you to think... On one side, there has been dramatic progress in renewable energy technology, with the costs of solar power, in particular, plunging, down by half just since 2010... On the other side, it turns out that putting a price on carbon would have large “co-benefits” — positive effects over and above the reduction in climate risks — and that these benefits would come fairly quickly. The most important of these co-benefits, according to the I.M.F. paper, would involve public health: burning coal causes many respiratory ailments, which drive up medical costs and reduce productivity."

Post Carbon Institute Post Carbon Institute provides individuals, communities, businesses, and governments with the resources needed to understand and respond to the interrelated economic, energy, environmental, and equity crises that define the 21st century. We envision a world of resilient communities and re-localized economies that thrive within ecological bounds.

Colby Glass, MLIS