National Anthem of France (La Marseillaise, The Song of Marseille) (English subtitles)|
"La Marseillaise" (English: "The [Song of] Marseille") is the national anthem of France. It was written and composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in 1792 and adopted in 1795 as the nation's first anthem. The melody is an adaptation of a theme written in 1781 by Giovan Battista Viotti. It became the rallying call of the French Revolution and received its name because it was first sung on the streets by volunteers (fédérés) from Marseille upon their entry into Paris on 30 July 1792 after a young volunteer from Montpellier called François Mireur had sung it at a patriotic gathering in Marseille and the troops adopted it as the marching song of the National Guard of Marseille. A newly graduated medical doctor, Mireur later became a general under Napoléon Bonaparte and died in Egypt at 28. Only the first verse (and sometimes the fifth and sixth) and the first chorus are sung today in France. Above is the long version of the anthem.
La Marseillaise The Marseillaise was a revolutionary song, an anthem to freedom, a patriotic call to mobilize all the citizens and an exhortation to fight against tyranny and foreign invasion. The French National Convention adopted it as the Republic's anthem in 1795. It acquired its nickname after being sung in Paris by volunteers from Marseille marching on the capital. The song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music.
The Marseillais volunteers departing, sculpted on the Arc de Triomphe
Algeria Interface news from Algeria in French and English
ARTFL (American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language. A textual database of 2000 texts from the 15th-20th centuries in literature, philosophy, arts and sciences; University of Chicago/CNRS)
BBC French Course for beginners, also video clips, phrase book, games and quizzes
Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris)
CANADA page of links
Cajun Music, look under "cajun"
Chartres: Cathedral of Notre Dame
Chateau de Versailles in French and English; photographic essays about the buildings and grounds with 360 degree panoramas of the Hall of Mirrors and the King's Bedchamber
Crossword Puzzle Solver words starting with, ending with, containing, that match; search in English, Dutch, French, Italian, German, Spanish
Dictionary, French Language
Early Canadiana Online "Canada's published heritage" - full text of over 2600 books and pamphlets originally published between the 16th and early 20th century; many of the books are in French
Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network Canadian frog watch, worm watch, ice watch, many other interesting topics; available in English and French
France in America
*Free Language Courses, FSI many languages taught by the Foreign Language Institute
French in Action A video instructional series in French for college and high school classrooms and adult learners; 52 half-hour video programs
French Language Research (ARTFL) (many full-text databases)
French Ministry of Culture (Paris, France)
French Texts (From Labyrinth, Georgetown University)
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (The University of Texas at Austin)
glossaries and wordlists"
Jean Claude Izzo official site built by his son; noir author and poet
Jules Verne Collection, Zvi Har'El's contains 18 novels, 8 short stories, 2 essays, and 5 interviews, which are all accessible in French, English, and Spanish
Language Learning Library covers basics of Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, German, Chinese, Japanese, and Russian
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution essays, images, documents, songs, map, timeline, and a glossary
Mixxer a free educational site for language learners and teachers to find a language partner for a language exchange. The language partner is someone who speaks the language you study as their native language and is studying your native language. The partners then meet online to help each other practice and learn a foreign language
My Language Exchange links you with an overseas pen pal to practice a foreign language
Paris: Capital of the Nineteenth Century
The Paris Page
Pictures of Paris from Mariana Ornelas' trip
Resources on French Culture and Language (From Labyrinth, Georgetown University)
Rodin, Musee in French and English
Tennessee Bob's Famous French Links (University of Tennessee at Martin)
Translate - Babel Fish translation service
UCL Faculté de philosophie et lettres: Catalogue des publications in French - University of Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)
Université du Québec
UTNetCAT Library Catalog (The University of Texas at Austin) The French collections here are the strongest in the Southwest. While all areas are represented, particular strengths are in the medieval through 18th-century periods and in various movements of the 20th-century. Materials on the various languages and dialects spoken in France, such as Breton, Occitan and Langue d'Oc, are included as well as on varieties of French spoken elsewhere. The collections from Quebec and from the Caribbean are well represented as well as African and Cajun imprints.
Visit Paris, A Small Tour
Web Museum, Paris
WESSWeb (University of Virginia)
Time in FrenchTelling Time in French - L'Heure The French word for "time," as in "what time is it?" is l'heure, not le temps. The latter means time as in "I spent a lot of time there."
In English, we often leave out "o'clock" - it's perfectly fine to say "It's seven" or "I'm leaving at three-thirty." Not so in French - you always have to say heure (except with midi and minuit).
In French, the hour and minute are separated by h (for heure) where in English we use a colon :
French doesn't have words for "a.m." and "p.m." You can use du matin for a.m., de l'après-midi from noon until about 6 p.m., and du soir from 6 p.m. until midnight, but time is usually expressed on a 24-hour clock. Thus 3 p.m. is normally expressed as quinze heures or 15h00, but you can also say trois heures de l'après-midi.
French Temporal Words and Phrases Talking about time requires a fair amount of vocabulary. Here are dozens of French words and expressions related to time, including periods of time, points in time, relative time, and frequency.
les jours de la semaine days of the week
les mois de l'année months of the year
Colby Glass, MLIS