Hawai'i


"... those books. I found them astonishing, for the history they told of the destruction of the independent Kingdom of Hawai'i largely by American businessmen in Honolulu with the support of American troops, and its annexation, five years later not by treaty but by mere Congressional resolution, was a history I had never been taught. Nor had I been taught the history of the years before, when between the coming of Captain Cook in 1778 and the coming of the missionaries in 1820 the native population declined from perhaps 800,000 to about 135,000 from foreign diseases, nor the decline that continued inexorably year after year so that by the time of annexation in 1898 it was under 40,000, with many observers predicting, and indeed treating it as a convenience, that there would soon be none."

Sources on Hawai'i:

- University of Hawai'i Press
- Native Books Na Mea Hawai'i
- Kuykendall, Ralph. The Hawaiian Kingdom. University of Hawai'i Press, 1038, 1953 and 1967. ("indispensable work of traditional Hawaiian historiography, three-volumes").
-Russ, William Adam Jr. The Hawaiian Revolution (1893-1894). Associated University Press, 1959 ("The standard academic history of the overthrow and annexation, two volumes).
- Russ, William Adam Jr. The Hawaiian Republic, 1894-1898, and Its Struggle to Win Annexation. Associated University Press, 1961.
- Twig-Smith, Thurston. Hawaiian Sovereignty: Do the Facts Matter?. Goodale, 1998. ("The standard articulation of the antisovereignty position").

"The indispensable works of contemporary historiography by scholars associated with the Hawaiian revival are:
- Kame'eleihiwa, Lilikala. Native Land and Foreign Desires. Bishop Museum Press, 1992.
- McGregor, Davianna Pomaika'i. Na Kua'aina: Living Hawaiian Culture. University of Hawai'i Press, 2007.
- Osorio, Jonathan Kay Kamakawiwo'ole. Dismembering Labui: A History of the Hawaiian Nation to 1887. Univerity of Hawai'i Press, 2002.
- Silva, Noenoe. Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism. Duke, 2004.

-Dyke, Jon Van. Who Owns the Crown Lands of Hawai'i?. University of Hawai'i Press, 2007. (by legal scholar. Definitive.)
-Coffman, Tom. Nation Within: The Story of America's Annexation of the Nation of Hawai'i. Epicenter, 1998. ("the single best book on annexation).
- Coffman, Tom. The Island Edge of America: A Political History of Hawai'i. University of Hawai'i Press, 2003. ("general political background").

- Earle, Timothy. How Chiefs Come to Power: The Political Economy in Prehistory. Stanford, 1997. ("anthropological study... looks at two other chiefdoms besides Hawai'i, one in Denmark, the other in the Andes"). - Schweizer, Niklaus. Turning Tide: The Ebb and Flow of Hawaiian Nationality. Peter Lang, 2005. ("examines Hawaiian history in relation to worldwide historical forces from the fifteenth century on"). - Dougherty, Michael. To Steal a Kingdom. Island Style Press, 1992. ("is credited with bringing many of the suppressed issues in Hawaiian history to widespread attention").
- Trask, Haunani-Kay. From a Native Daughter. University of Hawai'i Press, 1999. ("one of the strongest and most influential texts of the sovereignty movement").
- Churchill, Ward, and Sharon Venne (eds.). Islands in Captivity: The International Tribunal on the Rights of Indigenous Hawaiians. South End Press, 2005. ("contains original articles and reports as well as transcripts of the Tribunal's hearings).
- Morales, Rodney. (ed.) Ho'Ibo'i Hou: A Tribute to George Helm & Kimo Mitchell. Bamboo Ridge Press, 1984. ("an intimate look at the fight for Kaho'olawe").
- Liliu'okalani. Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen. Honolulu, Mutual Publishing, 1898. ("in a class by itself").

VIDEOS:

- Lander, Joan and Puhipau of Na Maka o ka 'Aina. Act of War--The Overthrow of the Hawaiian Nation. Video available at Hawaiian documentary and educational videos

Available Online:

Complete Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii, 1894-5
The Morgan Report
1897 anti-annexation petitions
Comprehensive documentation and argument about historical and present developments pro Independence
Timeline
Timeline
American Friends Service Committee: Hawaii an antilitary focus in a sovereignty context
Language Nest The Hawaiian Language recovery program
Kahea an environmental focus
Hawaiian Sovereignty: Thinking Carefully About It a contrary view of most everything in standard histories

Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement:

Hawai'i Nation a place for up to date information on the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement
Good Summary of the Movement gives two sides and links
Good Summary of History
Office of Hawaiian Affairs (pro-Akaka)
'O Ka Ho'a Keia (pro-Akaka)
Hawaii Nation pro-independence
(Elinor Langer. "Famous are the flowers: Hawaiian Resistance then--and now." The Nation, April 28, 2008: 15-29).


Colby Glass, MLIS