TeleMundo Videos on YouTube volume sometimes too soft. Ads always precede videos. Go to settings to turn on subtitles.|
Univision Noticias subtitlas not available. Solamente musica.
Univision 33.938 videos. Encuentra lo mejor de tus programas favoritas. Subtitles available.
Nuestros mejores deseos nice holiday song. Subtitles in English.
Spaniards in London a series of shows made available on YouTube about the fictional experiences of several Spaniards recently arrived in London while they live with a British flatmate, work, flirt, date, audition for acting and signing roles, and of course get into various shenanigans. It's entertaining enough and excellent for beginners and intermediates because:
Also, I've just been watching one of the episodes and I'll say this for it: it's shockingly funny. Why do I say "shockingly"? Because you don't usually get that from these sorts of things (educational series made specifically to teach a language), they're usually cheesy, overly sanitized and politically correct, and the humor attempted reminiscent of a '90s era G-rated family show like Full House or something. One of the guys just cracked a joke about doing some nude modeling while looking for auditions because one of the ads said "natural nude male models wanted" and he said "well...I'm very natural looking!".
It's not especially racy or anything, but it's obviously intended for adult students and not fourth graders, and the themes and humor of the show reflect that, which is nice. It probably helps that I suspect it was aimed more at a British audience than an American one (they're less prudish than we are overall).
By the way, if you'd like to learn how to best utilize shows like this to learn Spanish I have a whole method and a book I wrote about it called The Telenovela Method where I teach you how to learn Spanish from popular media like TV shows, movies, music, books, etc. that you can all find online for free. It's currently an e-book only and available for $9.99 either direct from me or via Amazon as a Kindle e-book.
Destinos Destinos teaches speaking, listening, and comprehension skills in Spanish. This telenovela, or Spanish soap opera, immerses students in a mysterious and entertaining story while viewing everyday situations with native speakers. It also introduces the cultures, accents, and dialects of Mexico, Spain, Argentina, and Puerto Rico, helping students understand a range of Spanish and appreciate many Hispanic cultures. The programs are closed captioned in Spanish and can be used as a teaching and literacy resource. The series is also appropriate for teacher professional development.
Travel the world with lawyer Raquel Rodríguez as she solves a mystery for a dying man. Watch the complete Destinos series, practice your Spanish, and find new resources for learning and teaching Spanish.
Lots of helpful notes underneath each episode.
DictionariesBenny Lewis' Top Picks:
Diccionario de la lengua española A good monolingual Spanish dictionary from the Real Academia Española themselves!
Palabras más Activas de tuBabel A monolingual Spanish dictionary of slang, sort of like a Spanish version of Urban Dictionary mentioned above!
Span!sh D!ct A good bilingual Spanish dictionary
How To Become Fluent In Spanish: Not for Beginners, Not Quick and Easy, but Really Effective (Spanish Books Book 1) Kindle Edition by John Del Gaudio (Author) A No-Nonsense Method for Becoming Fluent In Spanish
New Dictionary HISPANO Spanish-English v.4.0 (version 2015) Kindle Edition by B.B Ediciones (Author, Editor) (more than 340.000 references and translations, no online connection required) NEW VERSION: Includes enhancements requested by our readers (More terms, hyperlinks, conjugated verbs, etc.)
If you speak Spanish, you can communicate with almost 500 million people worldwide, because Spanish is the second most used language in international communication. Spanish is used in many countries,even the US. The importance of learning Spanish is becoming increasingly crucial in terms of the global economy and it can also play a major role in your own personal development. Internationally, people who speak Spanish often have great opportunities to work in trade or business fields. Hispanic consumers are the fastest-growing market segment. If you want to take a trip to Spain or Latin America, a little knowledge of Spanish will get you far. The Spanish passion for living is contagious and once you start to learn about their language and culture, you won't ever want to stop. Knowing the language and culture of the land you visit will give you insights into the people and culture that a non-Spanish speaker would never have access to. Knowing even a little Spanish your trip will become in an incredible adventure. Spanish is what we call a "Romance" language, meaning that it is based on Latin. As you know, many English words are also of Latin origin. Because of this, knowing Spanish helps speakers of English broaden their own vocabulary. Reading Latin American or Spanish books, newspapers and magazines will open a window into the Hispanic mind. Knowing the language will prepare you to better appreciate some of the great Hispanic modern and classic cultural contributions. The New Dictionary HISPANO guarantees, with a seriousness and reliability demonstrated in previous editions, that it is possible to read in Spanish through new technologies. In this edition we have added all verb conjugations for a better learning experience. As more you read, more you will learn Spanish. If you really want to learn Spanish, reading is a must. Some tips: 1. Look at first some texts adapted to your Spanish level. If you try to read too complex texts, its will demotivate you. 2. Always you must have a good dictionary that offers as many words as possible so it help you to get every unknown word. The New Dictionary HISPANO offers more than 340,000 references, so almost all Spanish words will be available for you. 3. Take note of every new words and expressions and review them once you've finished reading. 4. Reread the text you've already read, so you will learn and fix new concepts in a better way. 5. Try to read texts aloud for working your Spanish pronunciation. The New Spanish-English Dictionary HISPANO offers you some rules that will help you to improve your Spanish pronunciation. 6. Be perseverant, try to read at least 10-15 minutes per day. Good reading! Compatible with 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation Kindles; Kindle for iPad/iPhone, Mac, PC and Android. Headword search via keyboard input supported on Kindle for Mac, PC and Android. Unidirectional from Spanish to English. In order to have a bilingual English-Spanish dictionary you can get its complementary dictionary "Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español ANGLOS", available in Kindle Store. On kindle devices, both dictionaries run as primary dictionary depending on book's language.
Videos on Learning a Language [polyglots]:
Quizlet: Most commonly used 1000 Spanish words Includes translation, ex's, audioHacking language learning: Benny Lewis at TEDxWarsaw
Anki: Many Choices e.g., 10 000 Spanish sentences sorted from easiest to hardest, 575 Advanced Spanish Verbs with 3, 4 or 5 usage sentences, Beginner Latin American Spanish Sentences
1001 High Intermediate Spanish Words & Sentences
Wiktionary: Frequency lists/Spanish 1000 no translations
1,000 Most Common Spanish Words with translation and audio
Excelsior: Mexico w/ radio & videos
All About the Spanish Language One has several reasons to learn Spanish language. If you learn Spanish language, you will have the opportunity to discover all about the Spanish-speaking world. You will also have the opportunity to meet new people, a find a good job and some day to live at any Spanish speaking country. Spanish is one of the most widely languages spoken around the world. It has thousands of native speakers and hundreds of foreign speakers. Spanish is the official language of countries such as Spain, of course, Mexico, Peru, Argentina and many other countries in Latin America.
Spanish and English are in a virtual dead heat to be the second most spoken language in the world. As of 1999, Spanish had 332 million speakers, while English had 322 million. They were far behind Chinese, with 885 million. (If people who speak English as a second language were included, however, English would come out on top.)
Other countries or semi-autonomous areas with significant Spanish-speaking populations include Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gibraltar, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, the United States and Venezuela.
During the sweeps period earlier this year, the top local TV newscast in the New York City area was Noticias 41, a Spanish-language broadcast. And Noticiero Univision, the newscast of a national Spanish-language network, beat out the big three network news shows.
California alone has 5.5 million people who speak Spanish at home. Other states with high Spanish-speaking populations include Texas (3.4 million), New York (1.8 million), and Florida (1.5 million).
About 5.8 percent of the people who use the Internet speak Spanish, making it the No. 4 language in the Internet community, following English (51.3 percent), Japanese (8.1 percent) German (5.9 percent). Close behind is Chinese, with 5.4 percent, followed by French with 3.9 percent.
Spanish Immersion videos, flashcards, etc.
Spanish Language Facts Spanish is the most widely spoken of the Romance languages, both in terms of number of speakers and the number of countries in which it is the dominant language. It is the mother tongue of some 320 million people scattered throughout the world – in the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, in parts of Morocco and the west coast of Africa.
It is the official language of all the South American republics, with the exception of Brazil and Guyana. Naturally the Spanish spoken in all these places appears in many varieties. In fact the differences between Castilian Spanish and Latin American Spanish are equivalent to those between British English and American English.
The Spanish vocabulary is of Latin origin, though many of the words differ markedly from their counterparts in French and Italian. Prolonged contact with Germanic and later Arabic affected its evolution but did not risk the decrease in Romance speaking. Germanic and Arabic have left their mark on the Spanish language as words like 'guerra' – war and 'algebra' – maths can both be traced back to their respective Germanic and Arabic origins.
Latin American Spanish:
As to be expected, the indigenous inhabitants of Latin America exerted a great influence on the Castilian language and differences between the two types of Spanish began to emerge. This was mainly due to the diminishing contact between Latin America and Spain, coupled with the languages used by the inhabitants of Latin America.
The influence of American English in the North of the region also took its toll; words were absorbed with a Spanish pronunciation which was based solely on what was heard with no regard for the correct spelling, for example 'boila' (boiler) and 'mechas' (matches)!
There are many factors that are attributable to the birth of the Latin American Spanish language but it is important to realise that it was a slow and gradual process. Although there are differences between Castilian Spanish and Latin American Spanish – particularly relating to pronunciation – they do not prevent mutual intelligibility.
Fluent in 3 Months Benny Lewis blog and forum
Here are my recommendations: 1) Choose 1 language to work on 2) Find a language partner on iTalki 3) Make as many appointments as possible 4) Focus on just 1 or 2 topics for each session, take lots of notes and try to prepare italki language partners---Get free language practice by exchanging your time teaching your native language for time learning a foreign language.
Speak in a Week is a completely new approach to learning languages focused on becoming a language ?hacker ?rather than a language learner. Language hacking is all about finding the fastest, most effective approaches to speaking a new language. It's ideal for both beginners and seasoned language learners. All you need to get started is ten minutes a day. And you will be ready to start speaking your new language, in front of other people, by the end of the week. Crazy? Maybe, but I don't think so. I've seen thousands of people do it, so I know it's possible for you. And it works with any language.
Your Speak-in-a-Week course was very helpful. It provided some straight to the point tips which were after all pretty obvious, but at the same time very clever. The part that went the most swiftly was writing down sentences I would use in conversation. Being alone and concentrating on composing sentences was actually easier than expected. A dictionary was sometimes very helpful too and I even managed to apply some grammar which seemed convincing to me. The locals were happy that I was studying their language and overall gave pretty positive feedback.
Your course was very refreshing and challenging. I like that you provided daily tasks and at the same time shared some of your stories of personal experience. Each day I looked forward to seeing your next e-mail.
DuoLingo Learn a language for free... forever.
Word Reference see forums
MemRise We're obsessed with using brain science to help you learn faster
Skype To get up and running with Skype, you'll need a few basic things, like an internet connection (broadband is best); speakers and a microphone (mobile phones and most computers have these built in); a camera to make video calls (again, mobile phones and most computers have these); and of course, the Skype application on the device of your choice.
Windows 7 (32-bit and 64-bit versions supported)*
Processor -- At least 1 GHz
Prices for Skype: 2.99/mo. for USA, .99/mo. for Mexico
Best webcams/mics Logitech HD Pro Webcam C920 ($100) Microsoft LifeCam HD-5000 ($50) Microsoft LifeCam Cinema w/ a wideband microphone mounted on the top($80) Logitech HD Webcam C270 w/ a built-in noise isolating microphone. Plus: works great in Windows($40)
Ling Q free language lessons
"Language is power" -Steve Kaufmann
Memrise Science under each of the three principles, click on "Learn more"
Have you ever wondered “Why learn a foreign language?” LANGUAGES HELP YOU CONNECT WITH A CULTURE--language and culture are intertwined. By studying a language you gain a deeper understandings of a culture and it’s people.
..discover words which don't exist in my language, make friends all over the world, have the pleasure of cursing in other languages...
YOU HAVE A LOVE FOR LANGUAGES AND AN URGE TO STUDY THEM--For a lot of you, your studies are motivated by a deep love for learning languages. You just enjoy the whole process of studying and learning how other people communicate... Life is too short to speak one language.
KNOWING A NEW LANGUAGE CAN ENHANCE YOUR ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS--
STUDYING A LANGUAGE HELPS YOU CONNECT WITH FAMILY AND RELATIVES--Some of you have a pretty diverse background! And naturally, with family members or ancestors from all over the world, the desire to know where you come from can create a strong impulse to study their language. It’s a great way to better understand your cultural roots.
LANGUAGE LEARNING HELPS YOU MAKE FRIENDS--The best way to learn to speak a language is to just speak the language and naturally you need native speakers to help with that. Learning a language and meeting people who speak that language are two things that go hand-in-hand.
LANGUAGES MAKE TRAVELING THE WORLD AND LIVING ABROAD MORE PLEASURABLE--Exploring the world and it’s cultures is the whole reason I study languages in the first place.
STUDYING LANGUAGES CAN EXERCISE YOUR BRAIN--Besides the many benefits listed in that post, such as being better at math, improved test scores, improved studying skills and increased creativity, studies at the University of Edinburgh show that studying languages improves the “elasticity” of your brain and keeps it young!
LANGUAGES HELP YOU EXPLORE YOUR HOBBIES AND HAVE FUN--For many of you, studying new languages helps you dive even deeper into your hobbies and interests.
LANGUAGES SUPPORT YOUR EDUCATION AND ENHANCE YOUR CAREER--
LANGUAGES HELP YOU BECOME AN INTERNATIONAL PERSON OF MYSTERY--I think this was my favourite category of answers. Apparently we have a lot of burgeoning international spies in our midsts! A surprising number of you looked at languages as a way of hiding or gathering information from the people around you.
I had my own experiences blending into the local environment in Egypt so I definitely know where you’re coming from. Whether you want to blend in like a local, or you want to know what the native speakers are saying without their knowledge, studying a language can help you enhance your covert skills.
Fluent in 3 Months blog & forum
Lernu! lernu! is a multilingual website that provides free courses and information on the international language Esperanto. With lernu!, you can learn Esperanto easily and free of charge. Esperanto is a living language useful for easy communication.
MemRise Learning made joyful. We make learning languages and vocab so full of joy and life, you’ll laugh out loud.
Anki Web a free companion to the computer version of Anki. AnkiWeb can be used to review online when you don't have access to your home computer, and can be used to keep your cards synchronized across multiple machines.
Vis-Ed Review These are vocabulary study cards for French, German, Spanish (generally, choose the bilingual Spanish-English edition rather than the classical Spanish edition), Greek (both classical and biblical), Hebrew (biblical), Italian, Latin, and Russian. Each, very inexpensive set includes about 1,000 flash cards (1 1/2"x 3 1/2" each) and a study guide containing simple instructions and a mini-dictionary, all packaged in a sturdy box. Extra helps, such as the principal parts of irregular verbs, are shown on the cards. Many words (in the Spanish set reviewed) have related forms that appear as nouns, verbs, and adjectives, so all are shown on the cards. For instance, the noun "el calor" (heat) has an adjectival form—"caluroso/a" which is also on the card. The foreign language is printed in black on one side, and the English equivalent is printed on the reverse in green. Use these cards to review and expand vocabulary for any of the above languages.
ABC Color independent Paraguay news
About Spanish language
Asociación de Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos
Association of Hispanic Art can read in Spanish
Avellaneda, Gertrudis Gomez de -a poem by her in Spanish
Bazan, Emilia Pardo -Citas de la Autora (in Spanish)
BBC Spanish Course for beginners, also video clips, phrase book, games and quizzes
Castro Speech Database
La Catedral de Girona in Spanish
Catholic.net available in Spanish and English
Cervantes Project several versions of his work
Children's Library at PAC in Spanish
CIPO indigenous activist group in Oaxaca (in Spanish)
Conquistadors PBS special
Correo Bibliotecario --electronic journal (Ministry of Culture of Spain)
Diabetes en Espanol
Dictionary--Computer Terms --Glosario Técnico de Computación, Electrónica y Telecomunicaciones -Spanish to English
Dictionary, Spanish-to-English (Internet Dictionary Project)
Digestion, sobre enfermedades de la
Dominguez, Josefa Ortiz de "A Politically Correct "Corrector""--"..this was truly a case where a wife not only wore the pants in the family but where her determination, resourcefulness and drive were able to change history."
Dominguez, Josefa Ortiz de "Aniversario luctuoso (1768-1829)" (article in Spanish)
Dominguez, Josefa Ortiz de (in Spanish)
Embassy of Spain (Ottawa)
Enlaces en Espanol websites in Spanish, list of links from SAPL
España Hoy: Noticias --electronic journal (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
*Free Language Courses, FSI many languages taught by the Foreign Language Institute
Golden Age Spanish Sonnets Sixteenth Century Spanish sonnets and English translations
Government Information links in Spanish
Government Information en Español
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (University of Texas at Austin)
Healthfinder Espanol pragmatic, health-related information in Spanish
Historia de la Ciencia History of science
Language Learning Library covers basics of Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, German, Chinese, Japanese, and Russian
Lanic Reference Latin American References in English
LANIC Latin American Network Information Center - Latin American information in English
LATIN AMERICA--page of links
Learn to Speak Spanish Right Now
Learning Spanish Today
Library of Iberian Resources photos and full text scholarship on medieval Spain and the Iberian Peninsula
Malinche, La (Dona Marina) (Hernan Cortez), English
Malinche, La (Dona Marina) "A Historic Figure Is Still Hated by Many in Mexico" --newspaper article
Malinche, La (Dona Marina) --Harlot or Heroine? "..she saved thousands of Indian lives by enabling Cortes to negotiate rather than slaughter. Her ability to communicate also enabled the Spaniards to introduce Christianity and attempt to end human sacrifice and cannibalism"
Mexican American/Latino Studies page of links
Mixxer a free educational site for language learners and teachers to find a language partner for a language exchange. The language partner is someone who speaks the language you study as their native language and is studying your native language. The partners then meet online to help each other practice and learn a foreign language
My Language Exchange links you with an overseas pen pal to practice a foreign language
Paraguayan Music in Spanish; lots of recordings in Real Audio -- Revista Digital Artistica Paraguaya... cascades musicales desde el corazon de America del Sur
El Periódico de Catalunya --electronic journal (Barcelona, Spain)
Pinochet --House of Lord's Judgement Re Pinochet
Prensa Escrita Spanish newspaper links sorted by country
Proyecto Dioscórides (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
Proyecto Guadalupe "para la investigación acerca del fonómeno Guadalupano"
Quevedo (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)
Resource Guide for Spanish Students
Los Rinones y Enfermedades Urologos
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, text of some poems (in Spanish)
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Project at Dartmouth College
Sor Juana's Chronology (in English)
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, essay about her in English
Spanish games and activities
Spanish Literature links to full text works online
Spanish Verb Conjugation Trainer
Study Spanish lots of free information
Translate - Babel Fish translation service
Trends in Latin American Networking about the Internet in Latin America - articles, statistics, countries and resources
UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) includes press releases, interviews, speeches, op-ed pieces, statements of the Secretary-General, and nearly all its publications, in both English and Spanish
Victor Hara (Chile) words to songs
Victor Jara (Chile) links to his music and life
Victor Jara, The Life of
WESSWeb (University of Virginia)
Word 2 Word foreign language chatrooms plus free online language courses
PDF doc. p850 is Spanish terms for IRS. Spanish/English Dictionary
Telenovela MethodHow to Learn Spanish Online: Resources, Tips, Tricks, and Techniques by Andrew Tracey. "I learned Spanish entirely on my own, online, and I'll show you how you can, too!"
Spanish D!ct The world leader in Spanish translation and conjugation.
Urban Dictionary slang
SpanishWithAndrew youtube channel.
Anki: What it is, how to use it (to learn a language) [video] pans labyrinth
EverNote Inspiration strikes anywhere. Evernote lets you capture, nurture, and share your ideas across any device.
Hi Native, new Lang-8 site for phones I guess.
NewsMexican Newspapers I've been told by a few people that the newspaper "Reforma" is the best Spanish language paper in Mexico. I think by "best" they mean the most objective, accurate and important paper in the country, with good national coverage (and slightly to the left). I've read some of it online, and others as well and I'm not convinced this is the case. Which papers have the best reputation for accurate reporting, and unbiased, objective coverage in Mexico?
Newspapers have somewhat less to fear from the government than they did some years ago, but they must be very careful what they print about crime, especially drug-related crime. A really "objective & accurate" reporter or editor writing about the drug wars is likely to have a short life span.
I'm a huge fan of El Norte. They've done some great investigative reporting
El Norte en espanol
La Jornada La Jornada (The Working Day) is one of Mexico City's leading daily newspaper.
Foreign Language News and Newspapers: Spanish from MITlibraries.
El Espectador from Bogota, Colombia
El País From Cali, Colombia
Semana "A weekly magazine about Colombia."
El Tiempo from Colombia
Diario de Yucatán A Mexican daily with special collection on Mayan culture.
La Jerga Bilingual (Spanish and English) alternative newspaper from Mexico.
El Universal From Mexico City, Mexico
Pulso Mexican daily newspaper
Bear Left! link library
El Norte de Austin EL NORTE is a free monthly publication in Spanish, which provides emphasis on local news for the Hispanic Community and in around the Austin & San Antonio areas. The Hispanic Community is the nations fastest growing ethnic group in this country. According to the 2000 Census, this population grew very fast and now they are almost 50 millions of Hispanics in the United States of America. EL NORTE is designed by experienced writers and journalists to create a high quality newspaper for the Hispanic Community.EL NORTE is distributed throughout the greater Austin, San Antonio & Temple areas,
Paperboy online newspapers and ePapers.
Voces de la Frontera bilingual... about workers' rights.
Online Newspaper Directory for the World can choose which country. Lists newspapers, links, and their cities. No info on leanings. Some links outdated.
Which Left-Wing Spanish Newspapers are Online in Spain? Since the demise of a few left-wing Spanish newspapers in recent years there aren’t that many Spanish newspapers with a left-wing liberal focus left online. But, if you’re interested in how left-wing Spanish newspaper write about the news, these are the main three to look at.
Público My favorite Spanish newspaper, Público was a well-selling left-wing Spanish newspaper that ceased publication in February 2012 when the owners couldn’t raise enough money to keep it going. They did, however, manage to keep the online newspaper publishing and, so far, it seems to be doing well. I like it as it’s well-written, is updated often, and includes lots of photos and videos.
Covers news all over Europe.
El Periódico Being based in Catalunya, El Periódico publishes two editions every day – in Spanish and in Catalan – as well as has an excellent website for readers of the Spanish language. It’s classified as center-left and progressive in its views.
El Mundo progressive according to Guardian
Guardian Guide to European News EuroNews Internet arm of the multilingual 24-hour TV news channel. Live video streaming and text reports, expanding on a limited number of stories and features. Easy to switch to editions in Spanish, Russian, German, French and Greek.
The Spanish Media Are the Worst in Europe. These Upstarts Are Trying to Change That.
A broad range of leftist media projects committed to democracy and transparency have flourished in recent years.
? “The great problem of the Spanish press is the truth,” a Peruvian colleague once told Alfonso Armada, a former El País reporter who currently works for the conservative newspaper ABC. Armada can’t help but agree. “The press routinely twists the facts to fit the venue’s ideology,” he says. “The media themselves have helped spread the notion that there are no indisputable facts, just partial views of reality.
As a result, what has taken root is the idea that, just like politicians, all media outlets lie.” An increasing number of Spaniards these days are thirsty for political news—but they don’t trust their journalists to deliver honest reporting. Journalism is the second-least-respected profession, right behind being a judge. And according to the latest Reuters Digital News Report, the Spanish media have the lowest credibility in Europe.
New parties like Podemos (“We Can”), Ciudadanos (“Citizens”), and broad progressive citizens’ platforms are challenging the longstanding two-party dominance by the conservative Partido Popular (PP) and the center-left Socialist Party (PSOE).
In regional elections this May, the two big parties lost more than 3 million votes. And in the local elections, also held in May, Barcelona and Madrid elected leftist women mayors who couldn’t be further from the political class. The political crisis—as well as the growing public mistrust of the media—mounted in the wake of the Great Recession, and both have spurred significant change in Spain’s public sphere.
? But this apparent variety of options is deceptive. The vast majority of the market is in the hands of some ten media conglomerates. The PRISA group, which publishes El País and its global editions in Spanish, English, and Portuguese, owns a stable of magazines, TV and radio networks, production companies, and, until last year, a massive publishing arm reaching across the Americas. The Vocento group holds 14 dailies, including the national ABC. The Planeta group, the world’s largest Spanish-language publisher, has a major stake in television and owns the conservative paper La Razón. While many of the conglomerates started out as family businesses, they are now controlled by transnational corporations or a handful of powerful financial institutions.
? What’s left of slimmed-down newsrooms subsist on an army of underpaid freelancers and interns. “The difference between the highest- and lowest-paid employees at the traditional papers is outrageous,” says young journalist Berta del Río. At major online papers today, she says, freelancers are paid between $35 and $45 for a piece of reporting, photography included. “Some don’t pay anything at all. If they do, it’s 90 days later.” Moreover, she says, journalists are expected to produce six or seven stories per week, all while keeping up with social media. This leaves little time for research or fact checking.
The conglomerates’ debt problem has directly curbed reporter freedom, says veteran journalist Guillem Martínez, who writes for El País in Catalonia. “Since the 2008 crisis, the banks have converted the media’s debt into company shares,” he says. “They have become the owners and exercise their role in 19th-century style.” Sometimes this means stories are suppressed.
Efforts like Civio’s confront a political class that’s not ready to give up control. Determined to clip the media’s wings, the PP government has used its absolute majority in Parliament to pass the controversial new Citizen Security Law, known colloquially in Spain as the ley mordaza (“gag law”). The law, which took effect on July 1, not only limits citizens’ right to protest—in person or in writing, in print or online—but also curbs the media’s ability to cover those protests.
Despite government hostility and the economic crisis, a broad range of new, leftist media projects committed to democracy, transparency, and ethics have flourished over the past few years. Many of the new progressive outlets trace their origins to the newspaper Público. Founded in 2007, Público presented perhaps the first real challenge to El País’s hegemony over left-of-center media. The paper made a name for itself by breaking the taboo on airing the monarchy’s dirty laundry and harshly criticizing a deficit-reduction amendment to Spain’s Constitution meant to appease international markets.
But in 2012, Público was gutted by its corporate owner, which shut down the paper’s print edition and decimated its newsroom. Público’s disappearance “worried many of us,” says Miguel Urbán, who before joining the European Parliament for Podemos sat on the editorial board of the leftist magazine Viento Sur. “It was the first daily in a long time with a leftist editorial line—a gap left orphaned when El País abandoned it.”
But what could have been a disaster served instead as a wake-up call. As the print edition disappeared and 85 percent of the staff lost their jobs, a number of Público’s editors went on to found innovative, independent media projects that were determined to sidestep corporate blackmail and shareholder strangleholds. Leading the pack is eldiario.es, an online paper launched three years ago by Público’s founding editor, Ignacio Escolar. Eldiario.es has quickly become one of the country’s most-read originally digital news venues, second only to El Confidencial, which was founded 14 years ago. And, remarkably, it’s turning a profit. Unlike other online newspapers, eldiario.es has nearly 12,000 paying subscribers, who for a little over $5 a month receive early access to content. It still relies on ads as its main source of income. (Committed to transparency, the paper publishes a yearly summary of its accounts.)
“Ignacio has done what few others have been able to,” says Berta del Río, a former Público reporter. “He’s built a strong management team that he can delegate to. His editors run a tight ship, leaving him time to be the paper’s public face on radio and television. He’s really thought this through, no doubt with help from his father.” Escolar is the son of journalist Arsenio Escolar, who runs the free paper 20 Minutos, the second-most-read newspaper in the country.
Eldiario.es is only one of a large number of progressive startups that are rejuvenating Spain’s media landscape. In 2013 two other former Público editors launched InfoLibre, which specializes in investigative reporting and runs only a handful of stories per day. Associated with Mediapart, a French online news site, it subsists solely on subscription fees.
“We maintain that information comes at a price,” says InfoLibre director Manuel Rico. “And there are only two options: either the readers pay, or the large corporations will.” “The staggering loss of politicians’ and journalists’ credibility has been lethal,” Rico’s fellow director Jesús Maraña said in a speech this summer. “We try to win it back, day by day, by showing that it is possible to practice rigorous journalism without depending on other interests than those of the readers.”
Older generations of journalists are pushing for change as well. In January 2015, fourteen experienced reporters from major papers used their own money and crowdfunding to launch Contexto magazine (ctxt.es). Led by Miguel Mora, a former El País correspondent in Paris who quit his job in protest over a round of layoffs, Contexto pledges to deliver first-hand, on-the-ground reporting, and looks to cultivate long-form journalism in a Spanish media landscape that overwhelmingly publishes op-eds and short news items.
Like Público in its heyday, these new venues have risen to prominence with major scoops—often related to political corruption—and a willingness to break taboos while opening up their opinion pages to vigorous debate. In October, eldiario.es defied the courts by publishing leaked personal e-mails of Miguel Blesa, a bank executive who had provided politicians with lavish private expense accounts. InfoLibre ran a series of stories this summer that showed how the PP, PSOE, and United Left (the latter a political coalition helmed by the Spanish Communist Party) had received millions of euros from the same bank.
But securing a space for the left in print and online journalism isn’t enough, says Urbán, the European Parliament member for Podemos. The indispensable medium to reach the majority of the population, he says, is television. “Here the left still has a lot to learn and a lot of terrain to conquer. Spanish television offers no space designed to satisfy citizens’ right to information as a public service. Not even on the public channels, which are crudely controlled by the government.”
Still, on this front there is movement, too. Contratiempo, a radio show run by a historians’ collective, arose from “the need to address the past from a space outside of the academy,” says founding member Noelia Adánez. Adánez also collaborates on La Tuerka, one of a number of online television shows created by the academics and activists who would later go on to found Podemos. It features in-depth interviews and sophisticated political panel discussions.
For parties such as Podemos and the citizens’ platforms that now govern the cities of Madrid and Barcelona, an independent progressive media is a key part of strengthening democracy. This means liberating the media from their corporate and political straitjackets.
Recalling that the Spanish Constitution protects citizens’ right to truthful information, Podemos has included media reform in its program. But good will and new regulations will not be enough, says Trinidad Deiros. Journalists will have to change the way they operate. This cultural shift will take time. “A lot of work remains to be done,” she says, “for example concerning the press’s traditional machismo. The glass ceiling has yet to be broken.”
Berta del Río agrees. “Journalism and politics are men’s worlds in which women are just trying to survive,” she says. And journalists will have to change the way elected officials operate, too. Unlike in the United States or Britain, says Deiros, Spanish politicians “would never stand for a journalist asking the same question forty times until it’s answered.” “But that’s our own fault,” she says. “We journalists have been too docile. Then again, our awful working conditions obviously don’t encourage us to rebel.”
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